Elizabeth, New Jersey Population 2020

129,147

Elizabeth is a city located in Union County, New Jersey. With a 2020 population of 129,147, it is the 4th largest city in New Jersey (after Newark, Jersey City, and Paterson) and the 218th largest city in the United States. Elizabeth is currently growing at a rate of 0.10% annually and its population has increased by 3.34% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 124,969 in 2010. Spanning over 14 miles, Elizabeth has a population density of 10,484 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elizabeth is $60,336 with a poverty rate of 18.42%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,146 per month, and the median house value is $273,700. The median age in Elizabeth is 33.9 years, 33.5 years for males, and 34.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 101.1 males.

Elizabeth Nj Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elizabeth Nj was:

  • White: 44.97%
  • Other race: 30.23%
  • Black or African American: 18.56%
  • Two or more races: 3.67%
  • Asian: 2.05%
  • Native American: 0.52%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Elizabeth, New Jersey is 129,147, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 128,885. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 124,969.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White57,62544.97%
Some Other Race38,74730.23%
Black or African American23,78018.56%
Two or More Races4,7073.67%
Asian2,6222.05%
American Indian and Alaska Native6720.52%

Elizabeth Nj Population Pyramid 2020

Elizabeth Nj Median Age

33.9


Total

33.5


Male

34.5


Female

Elizabeth Nj Adults

There are 94,033 adults, (12,669 of whom are seniors) in Elizabeth Nj.

Elizabeth Nj Age Dependency

57.5

Age Dependency Ratio

15.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Elizabeth Nj Sex Ratio

Female

63,712

49.72%

Male

64,441

50.28%

Elizabeth Nj Households and Families

Elizabeth Nj Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elizabeth Nj Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married36.9%63.1%
All24.4%75.6%
Male18.2%81.8%
Female17.8%82.2%
Non Family15%85%

24.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,3943.1224.4
Married15,6023.9136.9
Non Family11,4521.2615
Female9,3003.8317.8
Male4,0403.7318.2

3.66

Average Family Size

3.12

Average Household Size

9.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elizabeth Nj Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,47715.28%
9th to 12th Grade8,84210.83%
High School Graduate31,16738.16%
Some College14,71718.02%
Associates Degree3,7024.53%
Bachelors Degree7,5769.28%
Graduate Degree3,1883.90%

Elizabeth Nj Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic51,46035,6915,400
Other Race22,57814,5911,580
Black15,21712,9791,935
White13,04310,3742,695
Multiple Races2,3931,892345
Asian1,8271,337631
Native American42826359

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 85.29%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 34.54%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,068$32,268$24,286
Less Than High School$23,777$27,171$18,840
High School Grad$27,214$32,419$22,061
Some College$31,536$36,206$26,854
Bachelors Degree$41,400$49,103$36,392
Graduate Degree$52,478$53,889$51,386

$29,068

Average Earnings

$32,268

Average Male

$24,286

Average Female

Elizabeth Nj Language

Elizabeth Nj Language by Age

Elizabeth Nj Language

25.16% of Elizabeth Nj residents speak only English, while 74.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 61.57% of the population.

Elizabeth Nj Poverty

Elizabeth Nj Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic82,09115,18918.50%
Other38,5598,25821.42%
Black23,1195,22522.60%
White16,4431,86011.31%
Multiple4,6761,01021.60%
Asian2,61150719.42%
Native672182.68%

18.42%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.53%

Male Poverty Rate

20.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elizabeth Nj

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elizabeth Nj is Black, with 22.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elizabeth Nj is Native, with 2.68% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.06%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School21.61%
High School15.13%
Some College12.71%
Bachelors or Greater7.84%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.64%
Male Unemployed30.97%
Female Employed8.70%
Male Employed7.68%

Elizabeth Nj Income

Elizabeth Nj Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,975$60,336
Families$49,316$64,241
Married Families$63,361$79,042
Non Families$30,889$39,870

Elizabeth Nj Marital Status

Elizabeth Nj Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.9%

Male Marriage Rate

34.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Elizabeth Nj Married by Age and Sex

Elizabeth Nj Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elizabeth Nj Marital Status by Race

Elizabeth Nj Veterans

1,680

Number of Veterans

1,464

Male Veterans

216

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam464
Second Gulf War371
First Gulf War267
Korea87
World War II40
Name Veterans % of Total
White8541.92%
Hispanic7971.33%
Black4732.69%
Other2711.02%
2 or More471.60%
Indian224.39%
Asian130.67%

$Elizabeth Nj Veterans by Education

9.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

18.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elizabeth Nj Employment Status

69.1%

Labor Force Participation

64.1%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Elizabeth Nj Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

40.65%

Born in New Jersey

53.82%

Native Born

46.18%

Foreign Born

27.55%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

53.82% of Elizabeth Nj residents were born in the United States, with 40.65% having been born in New Jersey. 27.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020129,1471310.10%
2019129,0161310.10%
2018128,8856800.53%
2017128,2051310.10%
2016128,0743280.26%
2015127,746480.04%
2014127,6983930.31%
2013127,3057000.55%
2012126,6058160.65%
2011125,7895270.42%
2010125,2624,6940.38%
2000120,56810,5660.92%
1990110,0023,8010.35%
1980106,201-6,453-0.59%
1970112,6544,9560.45%
1960107,698-5,119-0.46%
1950112,8172,9050.26%
1940109,912-4,677-0.42%
1930114,58918,8061.81%
192095,78322,3742.70%
191073,40921,2793.48%
190052,13014,3663.28%
189037,7649,5352.95%
188028,2297,3973.09%
187020,8329,2656.06%
186011,5675,9847.56%
18505,5831,3992.93%
18404,1847291.93%
18303,455-60-0.17%
18203,5155381.68%
18102,9770.00%