Elk Grove, California Population 2020

177,406

Elk Grove is a city located in Sacramento County, California. With a 2020 population of 177,406, it is the 27th largest city in California and the 148th largest city in the United States. Elk Grove is currently growing at a rate of 1.29% annually and its population has increased by 15.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 153,015 in 2010. Spanning over 42 miles, Elk Grove has a population density of 4,221 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elk Grove is $108,868 with a poverty rate of 8.82%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,641 per month, and the median house value is $377,800. The median age in Elk Grove is 36.6 years, 34.9 years for males, and 38.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.1 males.

Elk Grove is located in Sacramento County, California just outside Sacramento. Elk Grove is part of the Sacramento-Arden Arcade-Roseville metropolitan area which has a population of about 2.2 million thanks to rapid growth over the last decade.

Diversity

Elk Grove has a very diverse culture with Asians accounting for the largest minority. This isn't surprising as Sacramento is one of America's most ethnically diverse cities. According to the Sacramento Bee, there's an 81% chance that two people picked randomly from Elk Grove or other urban communities in the area will be from different ethnic backgrounds.

The beginning of Elk Grove's ethnic diversity began in 1852 when the McCauleys left the South and moved to the area with 50 former slaves, the first African-Americans in the area. The construction of the railroads in the 1860s introduced a large Chinese community. Other cultures came to Elk Grove in the 1890s, including immigrants from Germany, Portugal, Switzerland, Mexico, and the Philippines. One of the largest immigrant groups of the era was the Japanese who moved from other areas of California thanks to the booming wine industry.

Between the 1940s and 1990s, other groups came to the Sacramento area such as the Dutch in the 1940s, Spaniards in the 1960s, and a surge of immigrants from China, Russia, India, and Vietnam in the 1970s.

Population Growth

In 2004 and 2005, Elk Grove's population growth peaked when it became the fastest growing city in the United States. Between 2000 and 2010, Elk Grove grew an astounding 155% from 59,000 to more than 153,000. While the city's growth has slowed, it remains impressive. A survey found the city has one of the country's fastest growing economies the Sacramento area is one of the fastest growing in the nation. Elk Grove is expected to hit a population of 200,000 by 2029 as the city struggles to keep up with its rapid growth by expanding safety services.

The area around Sacramento and Elk Grove was explored by a Spaniard named Gabriel Moraga in 1808 who named the valley Sacramento Valley for Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish. In 1850, Elk Grove was founded to create a stage stop for people coming from San Francisco and Sacramento. Within twenty years, the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came within one mile of Elk Grove.

Elk Grove remained a small farming town with little development for almost 100 years. It wasn't until suburban developments began in the 1980s that the community began to grow. Elk Grove rapidly grew from a population of just 3,700 in 1970 to 11,000 in 1980 and 59,000 by 2000 when it was incorporated as a city.

Elk Grove Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elk Grove was:

  • White: 45.72%
  • Asian: 28.35%
  • Black or African American: 11.49%
  • Two or more races: 8.51%
  • Other race: 3.51%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.62%
  • Native American: 0.80%
The current population of Elk Grove, California is 177,406, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 172,886. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 153,015.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White77,04045.72%
Asian47,77528.35%
Black or African American19,35911.49%
Two or More Races14,3428.51%
Some Other Race5,9163.51%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,7291.62%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,3420.80%

Elk Grove Population Pyramid 2020

Elk Grove Median Age

36.6


Total

34.9


Male

38.1


Female

Elk Grove Adults

There are 124,002 adults, (20,093 of whom are seniors) in Elk Grove.

Elk Grove Age Dependency

62.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Elk Grove Sex Ratio

Female

87,723

52.06%

Male

80,780

47.94%

Elk Grove Households and Families

Elk Grove Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elk Grove Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.3%19.7%
All72.8%27.2%
Male71.1%28.9%
Non Family61.2%38.8%
Female56.8%43.2%

72.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All52,0253.2272.8
Married31,9703.7680.3
Non Family10,3751.2461.2
Female7,2673.656.8
Male2,4133.5371.1

3.64

Average Family Size

3.22

Average Household Size

3.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elk Grove Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,4995.06%
9th to 12th Grade4,6754.30%
High School Graduate18,84917.34%
Some College28,05225.81%
Associates Degree11,99611.04%
Bachelors Degree27,84925.62%
Graduate Degree11,78110.84%

Elk Grove Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White42,77041,02216,052
Asian31,96827,43014,198
Hispanic15,98713,3923,539
Black12,20911,4854,131
Multiple Races5,2314,7181,665
Other Race3,9673,186708
Islander1,8511,644495
Native American80970786

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.91%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.41%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$52,409$59,763$44,000
Less Than High School$24,479$26,880$21,426
High School Grad$36,758$43,117$31,199
Some College$44,382$54,711$37,713
Bachelors Degree$68,607$74,157$61,522
Graduate Degree$81,067$92,401$72,500

$52,409

Average Earnings

$59,763

Average Male

$44,000

Average Female

Elk Grove Language

Elk Grove Language by Age

Elk Grove Language

66.80% of Elk Grove residents speak only English, while 33.20% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 16.52% of the population.

Elk Grove Poverty

Elk Grove Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White58,3634,4537.63%
Asian47,6424,2378.89%
Hispanic30,2432,8749.50%
Black19,1832,50913.08%
Multiple14,2521,1037.74%
Other5,90769311.73%
Native1,34121816.26%
Islander2,699692.56%

8.82%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.36%

Male Poverty Rate

9.24%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elk Grove

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Native, with 16.26% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elk Grove is Islander, with 2.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.34%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School17.75%
High School10.82%
Some College7.39%
Bachelors or Greater3.70%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed21.74%
Female Unemployed20.47%
Male Employed4.44%
Female Employed4.42%

Elk Grove Income

Elk Grove Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$90,770$108,868
Families$100,444$116,668
Married Families$112,551$128,660
Non Families$51,921$70,003

Elk Grove Marital Status

Elk Grove Marital Status

Marriage Rates

54.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

58.3%

Male Marriage Rate

50.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Elk Grove Married by Age and Sex

Elk Grove Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elk Grove Marital Status by Race

Elk Grove Veterans

8,167

Number of Veterans

7,399

Male Veterans

768

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,902
First Gulf War1,777
Second Gulf War1,509
Korea732
World War II313
Name Veterans % of Total
White5,2338.85%
Black1,4229.82%
Hispanic1,1175.81%
Asian8082.26%
2 or More3134.49%
Other2555.84%
Hawaiian743.43%
Indian626.50%

$Elk Grove Veterans by Education

6.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elk Grove Employment Status

64.3%

Labor Force Participation

60.2%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Elk Grove Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.28%

Born in California

76.73%

Native Born

23.27%

Foreign Born

6.04%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

76.73% of Elk Grove residents were born in the United States, with 59.28% having been born in California. 6.04% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020177,4062,2601.29%
2019175,1462,2601.31%
2018172,8861,3830.81%
2017171,5032,2601.34%
2016169,2433,1531.90%
2015166,0903,2902.02%
2014162,8002,4861.55%
2013160,3142,1911.39%
2012158,1232,4921.60%
2011155,6312,2371.46%
2010153,39493,3949.84%
200060,00042,51713.12%
199017,4836,5244.78%
198010,9597,23811.41%
19703,7211,5165.37%
19602,2051,6056.72%
19406003982.20%
18902020.00%