Elko, Nevada Population 2020

20,467

Elko is a city located in Elko County, Nevada. With a 2020 population of 20,467, it is the 8th largest city in Nevada and the 1811th largest city in the United States. Elko is currently growing at a rate of 0.31% annually and its population has increased by 11.86% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 18,297 in 2010. Spanning over 18 miles, Elko has a population density of 1,146 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elko is $92,554 with a poverty rate of 15.08%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,022 per month, and the median house value is $228,900. The median age in Elko is 32.6 years, 32.9 years for males, and 32.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 105.6 males.

Elko Nv Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elko Nv was:

  • White: 88.23%
  • Other race: 4.85%
  • Native American: 3.04%
  • Asian: 1.91%
  • Two or more races: 1.29%
  • Black or African American: 0.62%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Elko, Nevada is 20,467, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 20,341. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 18,297.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White17,86488.23%
Some Other Race9814.85%
American Indian and Alaska Native6163.04%
Asian3861.91%
Two or More Races2621.29%
Black or African American1260.62%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander120.06%

Elko Nv Population Pyramid 2020

Elko Nv Median Age

32.6


Total

32.9


Male

32.1


Female

Elko Nv Adults

There are 14,985 adults, (2,000 of whom are seniors) in Elko Nv.

Elko Nv Age Dependency

55.9

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Elko Nv Sex Ratio

Female

9,850

48.65%

Male

10,397

51.35%

Elko Nv Households and Families

Elko Nv Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Elko Nv Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.9%22.1%
All62.2%37.8%
Female56.7%43.3%
Male47.3%52.7%
Non Family45.4%54.6%

62.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All6,9322.8562.2
Married3,3103.3177.9
Non Family2,2601.5245.4
Female6833.8356.7
Male6794.147.3

3.29

Average Family Size

2.85

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Elko Nv Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8746.80%
9th to 12th Grade1,2429.67%
High School Graduate3,35326.10%
Some College3,42026.62%
Associates Degree1,29210.06%
Bachelors Degree1,72213.40%
Graduate Degree9467.36%

Elko Nv Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White9,2518,5962,080
Hispanic2,7901,434344
Other Race57929682
Native American40434765
Asian235224160
Multiple Races15012545
Black716422
Islander22

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.09%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,874$62,750$33,143
Less Than High School$24,869$30,905$21,707
High School Grad$41,580$49,375$30,056
Some College$50,412$76,287$31,870
Bachelors Degree$47,813$61,548$41,823
Graduate Degree$81,103$97,321$69,538

$45,874

Average Earnings

$62,750

Average Male

$33,143

Average Female

Elko Nv Language

Elko Nv Language by Age

Elko Nv Language

80.91% of Elko Nv residents speak only English, while 19.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.31% of the population.

Elko Nv Poverty

Elko Nv Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White13,0761,47411.27%
Hispanic5,5021,21422.06%
Other96032533.85%
Native58816728.40%
Multiple2474819.43%
Asian371277.28%
Black872528.74%
Islander66100.00%

15.08%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.56%

Male Poverty Rate

15.63%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elko Nv

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elko Nv is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elko Nv is Asian, with 7.28% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.31%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.30%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.07%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.34%
High School15.16%
Some College7.08%
Bachelors or Greater6.80%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed44.10%
Female Unemployed15.15%
Female Employed8.98%
Male Employed4.08%

Elko Nv Income

Elko Nv Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$77,011$92,554
Families$84,162$97,201
Married Families$102,233-
Non Families$54,136$76,959

Elko Nv Marital Status

Elko Nv Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.7%

Male Marriage Rate

45.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Elko Nv Married by Age and Sex

Elko Nv Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Elko Nv Marital Status by Race

Elko Nv Veterans

1,299

Number of Veterans

1,211

Male Veterans

88

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War386
Vietnam355
First Gulf War228
Korea99
World War II24
Name Veterans % of Total
White1,1738.87%
Hispanic1464.17%
Other588.57%
Indian458.65%
Asian155.24%
2 or More84.49%

$Elko Nv Veterans by Education

7.13%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elko Nv Employment Status

70%

Labor Force Participation

66.1%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Elko Nv Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

36.82%

Born in Nevada

89.73%

Native Born

10.27%

Foreign Born

6.44%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.73% of Elko Nv residents were born in the United States, with 36.82% having been born in Nevada. 6.44% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202020,467630.31%
201920,404630.31%
201820,34120.01%
201720,339630.31%
201620,2761680.84%
201520,108-41-0.20%
201420,1492161.08%
201319,9336963.62%
201219,2377424.01%
201118,4951030.56%
201018,3921,6840.96%
200016,7081,9721.26%
199014,7365,9785.34%
19808,7581,1371.40%
19707,6211,3231.93%
19606,2989051.56%
19505,3931,2992.79%
19404,0948772.44%
19303,2172,4174.75%
19008000.00%