Elmira, New York Population 2021

27,110
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Elmira is a city located in Chemung County New York. With a 2020 population of 27,110, it is the 31st largest city in New York and the 1414th largest city in the United States . Elmira is currently growing at a rate of 0.10% annually but its population has decreased by -7.16% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 29,200 in 2010. Elmira reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 8 miles, Elmira has a population density of 3,738 people per square mile.

The average household income in Elmira is $49,549 with a poverty rate of 26.18%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $729 per month, and the median house value is $74,500. The median age in Elmira is 34.1 years, 33.4 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

Elmira Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Elmirawas:

  • White: 75.73%
  • Black or African American: 15.28%
  • Two or more races: 6.12%
  • Other race: 1.53%
  • Native American: 0.78%
  • Asian: 0.54%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Elmira, New York is 27,110 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 27,054.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 29,200.

Elmira, New York Population 2021

2020 and 2021 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202182,498-479-0.58%
202082,977-479-0.58%
201983,456-479-0.57%
201883,935-801-0.95%
201784,736-908-1.07%
201685,644-1,061-1.24%
201586,705-472-0.54%
201487,177-1,022-1.17%
201388,199-938-1.06%
201289,1372380.27%
201188,89940.00%
201088,8950.00%

Elmira Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White20,75275.73%
Black or African American4,18615.28%
Two or More Races1,6786.12%
Some Other Race4191.53%
American Indian and Alaska Native2130.78%
Asian1470.54%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander70.03%
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Elmira Population by Race

Elmira Population Pyramid $2021

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Elmira Median Age

34.1


Total

33.4


Male

35.6


Female

Elmira Adults

There are 20,687 adults, (3,495 of whom are seniors) in Elmira.

Elmira Age Dependency

59.4

Age Dependency Ratio

20.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Elmira Sex Ratio

Female

13,877

50.64%

Male

13,525

49.36%

Elmira Population by Age

Elmira Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Elmira Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female30.7%69.3%
Non Family38.1%61.9%
Male40.9%59.1%
All47.6%52.4%
Married71.6%28.4%

47.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Elmira Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All9,7172.4747.6
Non Family4,0981.238.1
Married3,0993.4671.6
Female1,8673.3230.7
Male6533.2340.9

3.19

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

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Elmira Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7644.33%
9th to 12th Grade2,09211.86%
High School Graduate6,86738.92%
Some College3,49019.78%
Associates Degree1,82510.34%
Bachelors Degree1,5638.86%
Graduate Degree1,0445.92%
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Elmira Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Elmira Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White13,40311,5852,129
Black2,9342,235341
Hispanic83149254
2+ Races51246545
Other Race26014836
Native American5336
Asian525224
Islander77

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 46.15%.

Elmira Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,854$34,177$25,686
Less Than 9th Grade$22,945$24,526$15,323
High School Graduate$24,594$27,120$21,431
Some College$29,090$40,115$26,208
Bachelors Degree$38,542$40,577$34,943
Graduate Degree$54,769$69,688$50,735

$27,854

Average Earnings

$34,177

Average Male

$25,686

Average Female

Elmira Earnings by Educational Attainment

Elmira Language by Age

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Elmira Language

95.28% of Elmira residents speak only English, while 4.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.47% of the population.

Elmira Language

Elmira Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White17,9874,18023.24%
Black3,0811,03833.69%
Multiple1,63268041.67%
Hispanic1,17954145.89%
Other3266820.86%
Native1944824.74%
Islander77100.00%

26.18%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.24%

Male Poverty Rate

27.81%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Elmira

The race most likely to be in poverty in Elmira is Islander, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Elmira is Other, with 20.86% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.03%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.66%.

Elmira Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade40.43%
High School24.30%
Some College16.46%
Bachelors or Greater7.88%

Elmira Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed42.34%
Male Unemployed40.93%
Female Employed15.51%
Male Employed9.63%

Elmira Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Elmira Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$36,909$49,549
Families$46,661$56,498
Married Families$61,373-
Non Families$23,309$34,697
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Income by Household Type

Elmira Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

32.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.3%

Male Marriage Rate

31.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Elmira Married by Age and Sex

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Elmira Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Elmira Marital Status by Race

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Elmira Marital Status

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1,362

Number of Veterans

1,251

Male Veterans

111

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam382
First Gulf War250
Second Gulf War227
Korea58
World War II45

Elmira Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54430
65 to 74303
55 to 64298
75+201
18 to 34130

Elmira Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,1146.89%
Black1514.48%
2+ Races7811.35%
Hispanic585.56%
Native American1928.36%

Elmira Veterans by Race

Elmira Veterans by Education

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12.65%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.03%

Veteran Disability Rate

Elmira Veterans by Education

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53.2%

Labor Force Participation

48.4%

Employment Rate

9%

Unemployment Rate

Elmira Employment by Age

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Elmira Employment by Race

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Elmira Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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78.60%

Born in Elmira

97.43%

Native Born

2.57%

Foreign Born

1.10%

Non Citizen

1.47%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.43% of Elmira residents were born in the United States, with 78.60% having been born in New York. 1.10% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Elmira Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202127,110280.10%
202027,082280.10%
201927,054280.10%
201827,026-252-0.92%
201727,278-313-1.13%
201627,591-464-1.65%
201528,055-278-0.98%
201428,333-475-1.65%
201328,808-387-1.33%
201229,195310.11%
201129,164-91-0.31%
201029,255-1,685-0.56%
200030,940-2,784-0.86%
199033,724-1,603-0.46%
198035,327-4,618-1.22%
197039,945-6,572-1.51%
196046,517-3,199-0.66%
195049,7164,6100.98%
194045,106-2,291-0.49%
193047,3972,0040.43%
192045,3938,2172.02%
191037,1761,5040.41%
190035,6724,7791.45%
189030,89310,3524.17%
188020,5414,6782.62%
187015,8630.00%

Elmira Population by Year