Española, New Mexico Population 2024

10,377

Española is a city located in Rio Arriba County and Santa Fe County New Mexico. Española has a 2024 population of 10,377. Española is currently declining at a rate of -0.33% annually and its population has decreased by -1.31% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,515 in 2020.

The average household income in Española is $61,943 with a poverty rate of 18.91%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Española is 35.6 years, 34.8 years for males, and 36.5 years for females.

Española Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Española was:

  • Other race: 44.83%
  • White: 39.46%
  • Two or more races: 10.56%
  • Native American: 3.05%
  • Asian: 1.06%
  • Black or African American: 1.04%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
Land Area (mi²)
8.2 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,262.10/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-1.31% (-138)
The current population of Española, New Mexico is 10,377 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 10,515.

Española, New Mexico Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
Other race4,69544.83%
White4,13339.46%
Two or more races1,10610.56%
Native American3193.05%
Asian1111.06%
Black or African American1091.04%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander00%

Other race

White

Two or more races

Native American

Asian

Black or African American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Española Population by Race

Española Population Pyramid 2024

Española Median Age

35.6

Total

34.8

Male

36.5

Female

Española Adults

There are 7,843 adults, (1,885 of whom are seniors) in Española.

Española Age Dependency

75.8

Age Dependency Ratio

31.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Española Sex Ratio

Female5,34551.04%
Male5,12848.96%

Española Population by Age

Española Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3,8992.6764.635.4
Non Family1,6951.1653.946.1
Married1,1533.8186.613.4
Female7434.0655.744.3
Male3083.4162.737.3

3.7

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

64.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Española Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4997.59%
9th to 12th Grade75311.46%
High School Graduate2,18433.24%
Some College1,50022.83%
Associates Degree5167.85%
Bachelors Degree75011.41%
Graduate Degree3695.62%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Española Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Española Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Hispanic5,5354,367811
Other Race2,9562,258436
White731665226
2+ Races682570161
Native American15314218
Asian474236
Black31312

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.6%.

Española Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$38,562$44,118$30,406
Less Than 9th Grade$29,184$34,100$21,719
High School Graduate$33,237$40,500$26,573
Some College$43,417$49,712$33,846
Bachelors Degree$60,294$78,427$45,156
Graduate Degree$75,139$75,694$71,875

$38,562

Average Earnings

$44,118

Average Male

$30,406

Average Female

Española Earnings by Educational Attainment

Española Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Española Language

39.8% of Española residents speak only English, while 60.2% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 56.49% of the population.

Española Language

Española Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic8,8721,73819.59%
Other4,68695220.32%
Multiple1,10522920.72%
White94812913.61%
Native3146320.06%
Asian1111614.41%
Black10965.5%

18.91%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.69%

Male Poverty Rate

21.03%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Española

The race most likely to be in poverty in Española is Multiple, with 20.72% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Española is Black, with 5.5% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.6%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.93%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.04%.

Española Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.41%
High School15.58%
Some College14.06%
Bachelors or Greater12.5%

Española Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed40.54%
Male Unemployed29.21%
Female Employed8.42%
Male Employed4.53%

Española Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Española Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$44,427$61,943
Families$59,242$74,042
Married Families$81,678$-999,999,999
Non Families$25,365$41,984

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Española Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

32.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.2%

Male Marriage Rate

30.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Española Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Española Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Española Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Española Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

489

Number of Veterans

449

Male Veterans

40

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam127
Second Gulf War79
Korea63
First Gulf War50
World War II34

Española Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
75+192
55 to 64116
18 to 3468
35 to 5459
65 to 7454

Española Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
Hispanic3475.3%
White2738.75%
Other Race1594.51%
2+ Races506.27%
Native American62.08%
Black12.27%

Española Veterans by Race

Española Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

19.1%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.8%

Veteran Disability Rate

Española Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

55.3%

Labor Force Participation

52.2%

Employment Rate

5.3%

Unemployment Rate

Española Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Española Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Española Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

73.85%

Born in Española

87.64%

Native Born

12.36%

Foreign Born

9.48%

Non Citizen

2.87%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

87.64% of Española residents were born in the United States, with 73.85% having been born in New Mexico. 9.48% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Española Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202910,204-35-0.34%
202810,239-34-0.33%
202710,273-35-0.34%
202610,308-34-0.33%
202510,342-35-0.34%
202410,377-34-0.33%
202310,411-35-0.34%
202210,446-55-0.52%
202110,501-14-0.13%
202010,5154344.31%
201910,081-2-0.02%
201810,083-37-0.37%
201710,120110.11%
201610,109-16-0.16%
201510,125-74-0.73%
201410,199-72-0.7%
201310,271-20-0.19%
201210,291-11-0.11%
201110,30210.01%
201010,3016136.33%
20009,6881,29915.48%
19908,3891,58623.31%
19806,8032,27550.24%
19704,52800%

Española Population by Year