Espanola, New Mexico Population 2022

10,011
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Espanola is a city located in Rio Arriba County New Mexico. Espanola has a 2020 population of 10,011. Espanola is currently declining at a rate of -0.11% annually and its population has decreased by -2.61% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,279 in 2010.

The average household income in Espanola is $52,189 with a poverty rate of 23.41%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $690 per month, and the median house value is $162,100. The median age in Espanola is 36.7 years, 36.9 years for males, and 36.6 years for females.

Espanola Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Espanolawas:

  • White: 65.06%
  • Other race: 27.67%
  • Two or more races: 3.91%
  • Native American: 1.67%
  • Black or African American: 1.04%
  • Asian: 0.65%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Espanola, New Mexico is 10,011 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 10,011.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,279.

Espanola, New Mexico Population 2022

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White6,55265.06%
Black or African American1051.04%
American Indian and Alaska Native1681.67%
Asian650.65%
Some Other Race2,78727.67%
Two or More Races3943.91%
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Espanola Population by Race

Espanola Population Pyramid 2022

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Espanola Median Age

37.5


Total

36.1


Male

38.7


Female

Espanola Adults

There are 7,415 adults, (1,883 of whom are seniors) in Espanola.

Espanola Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

34

Old Age Dependency Ratio

48

Child Dependency Ratio

Espanola Sex Ratio

Female

5,101

50.65%

Male

4,970

49.35%

Espanola Population by Age

Espanola Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Espanola Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.4%19.6%
All59.3%40.7%
Male57.6%42.4%
Non Family51.6%48.4%
Female47.4%52.6%

59.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Espanola Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,7262.6859.3
Married1,0473.5180.4
Male2553.6257.6
Female7404.4747.4
Non Family1,6841.2451.6

3.72

Average Family Size

2.68

Average Household Size

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Espanola Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6179.54%
9th to 12th Grade6409.90%
High School Graduate2,27635.20%
Some College1,53423.72%
Associates Degree4226.53%
Bachelors Degree6149.50%
Graduate Degree3635.61%
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Espanola Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Espanola Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian444235
2+ Races18617979
White994906278
Black45357
Hispanic5,2684,111656
Other Race1,7711,367213
Native American74701

The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 96.24%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 79.55%.

Espanola Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,708$37,629$25,550
Less Than 9th Grade$23,810$26,833$19,167
High School Graduate$26,905$35,350$21,328
Some College$37,818$39,903$29,722
Bachelors Degree$51,111$68,875$31,518
Graduate Degree$61,579$81,000$56,765

$31,708

Average Earnings

$37,629

Average Male

$25,550

Average Female

Espanola Earnings by Educational Attainment

Espanola Language by Age

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Espanola Language

42.87% of Espanola residents speak only English, while 57.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 53.61% of the population.

Espanola Language

Espanola Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native1666136.75%
Black1052927.62%
Hispanic8,4822,06924.39%
Multiple3937920.10%
Asian651116.92%
White1,13717415.30%
Other734NaN%

23.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.33%

Male Poverty Rate

24.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Espanola

The race most likely to be in poverty in Espanola is Native, with 36.75% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Espanola is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.94%.

Espanola Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade39.74%
High School17.90%
Some College16.45%
Bachelors or Greater12.93%

Espanola Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.75%
Male Unemployed35.80%
Female Employed9.18%
Female Unemployed69.47%

Espanola Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Espanola Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,206$50,894
Families$44,238$58,977
Married Families$67,906-
Non Families$21,023$37,635
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Income by Household Type

Espanola Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

33.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.4%

Male Marriage Rate

31.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Espanola Married by Age and Sex

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Espanola Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Espanola Marital Status by Race

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Espanola Marital Status

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620

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War75
First Gulf War69
Vietnam211
Korea89
World War II8

Espanola Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 3461
35 to 5494
55 to 64119
65 to 74113
75+233

Espanola Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4489.21%
Native American149.66%
Other Race1467.12%
2+ Races125.83%
Hispanic3846.40%

Espanola Veterans by Race

Espanola Veterans by Education

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14.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

38.03%

Veteran Disability Rate

Espanola Veterans by Education

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53.6%

Labor Force Participation

51.2%

Employment Rate

4.3%

Unemployment Rate

Espanola Employment by Age

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Espanola Employment by Race

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Espanola Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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75.72%

Born in Espanola

91.90%

Native Born

8.10%

Foreign Born

5.74%

Non Citizen

2.36%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

91.90% of Espanola residents were born in the United States, with 75.72% having been born in New Mexico. 5.74% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Espanola Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
19704,5280.00%
19806,8032,2754.15%
19908,3891,5862.12%
20009,6881,2991.45%
201010,2795910.59%
201110,278-1-0.01%
201210,267-11-0.11%
201310,244-23-0.22%
201410,174-70-0.68%
201510,101-73-0.72%
201610,082-19-0.19%
201710,095130.13%
201810,055-40-0.40%
201910,044-11-0.11%
202010,033-11-0.11%
202110,022-11-0.11%
202210,011-11-0.11%

Espanola Population by Year