Gadsden, Alabama Population 2021

34,490
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Gadsden is a city located in Etowah County Alabama. It is also the county seat of Etowah County. With a 2020 population of 34,490, it is the 14th largest city in Alabama and the 1144th largest city in the United States . Gadsden is currently declining at a rate of -0.73% annually and its population has decreased by -6.42% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 36,856 in 2010. Gadsden reached it's highest population of 58,088 in 1960. Spanning over 38 miles, Gadsden has a population density of 924 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gadsden is $49,166 with a poverty rate of 27.14%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $645 per month, and the median house value is $73,600. The median age in Gadsden is 40.2 years, 38.1 years for males, and 42.3 years for females.

Gadsden Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gadsden was:

  • White: 57.52%
  • Black or African American: 36.78%
  • Other race: 2.05%
  • Two or more races: 1.70%
  • Asian: 1.05%
  • Native American: 0.90%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Gadsden, Alabama is 34,490 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 35,255.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 36,856.

Gadsden, Alabama Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021101,582-343-0.34%
2020101,925-343-0.34%
2019102,268-343-0.34%
2018102,611-396-0.39%
2017103,0071520.15%
2016102,855-143-0.14%
2015102,998-401-0.39%
2014103,399-485-0.47%
2013103,884-394-0.38%
2012104,278-91-0.09%
2011104,369-90-0.09%
2010104,4590.00%

Gadsden Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White20,41057.52%
Black or African American13,05036.78%
Some Other Race7292.05%
Two or More Races6051.70%
Asian3711.05%
American Indian and Alaska Native3210.90%
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Gadsden Population by Race

Gadsden Population Pyramid $2021

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Gadsden Median Age

40.2


Total

38.1


Male

42.3


Female

Gadsden Adults

There are 28,172 adults, (6,379 of whom are seniors) in Gadsden.

Gadsden Age Dependency

62.8

Age Dependency Ratio

29.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Gadsden Sex Ratio

Female

18,153

51.16%

Male

17,333

48.84%

Gadsden Population by Age

Gadsden Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Gadsden Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.7%24.3%
Male61.4%38.6%
All58.6%41.4%
Non Family53.7%46.3%
Female40.9%59.1%

58.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Gadsden Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All13,7662.5158.6
Non Family5,6331.2453.7
Married4,5003.1675.7
Female2,9513.5740.9
Male6824.0461.4

3.27

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

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Gadsden Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,5246.17%
9th to 12th Grade3,50914.21%
High School Graduate8,26733.47%
Some College5,91523.95%
Associates Degree1,7547.10%
Bachelors Degree2,2118.95%
Graduate Degree1,5176.14%
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Gadsden Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Gadsden Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White14,71611,9212,676
Black8,2966,735903
Hispanic1,01441149
Other Race38517032
2+ Races35827933
Asian29229267
Native American15375

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 22.95%.

Gadsden Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,014$31,613$22,349
Less Than 9th Grade$21,149$25,534$17,103
High School Graduate$24,616$30,291$19,302
Some College$25,865$34,458$23,144
Bachelors Degree$36,148$43,342$29,804
Graduate Degree$53,027$74,009$46,402

$26,014

Average Earnings

$31,613

Average Male

$22,349

Average Female

Gadsden Earnings by Educational Attainment

Gadsden Language by Age

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Gadsden Language

93.22% of Gadsden residents speak only English, while 6.78% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.96% of the population.

Gadsden Language

Gadsden Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black12,6894,19733.08%
White18,7843,84520.47%
Hispanic2,5061,15145.93%
Other71132946.27%
Multiple59823939.97%
Native32120563.86%
Asian35814640.78%

27.14%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.20%

Male Poverty Rate

29.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gadsden

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gadsden is Native, with 63.86% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gadsden is White, with 20.47% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.42%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.02%.

Gadsden Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade39.37%
High School19.50%
Some College15.18%
Bachelors or Greater6.51%

Gadsden Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed71.73%
Male Unemployed37.57%
Female Employed14.56%
Male Employed9.16%

Gadsden Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Gadsden Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$32,642$49,166
Families$45,483$59,313
Married Families$64,638-
Non Families$20,718$32,921
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Income by Household Type

Gadsden Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

34.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.2%

Male Marriage Rate

32.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Gadsden Married by Age and Sex

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Gadsden Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Gadsden Marital Status by Race

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Gadsden Marital Status

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2,367

Number of Veterans

2,186

Male Veterans

181

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam922
First Gulf War507
Second Gulf War341
Korea231
World War II96

Gadsden Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+670
65 to 74614
35 to 54465
55 to 64385
18 to 34233

Gadsden Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,6059.51%
Black7227.24%
2+ Races256.43%
Native American157.61%
Hispanic110.84%

Gadsden Veterans by Race

Gadsden Veterans by Education

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8.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

40.36%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gadsden Veterans by Education

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52.4%

Labor Force Participation

48.5%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

Gadsden Employment by Age

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Gadsden Employment by Race

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Gadsden Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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76.75%

Born in Gadsden

95.34%

Native Born

4.66%

Foreign Born

3.17%

Non Citizen

1.49%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.34% of Gadsden residents were born in the United States, with 76.75% having been born in Alabama. 3.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Gadsden Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202134,490-255-0.73%
202034,745-255-0.73%
201935,000-255-0.72%
201835,255-305-0.86%
201735,560-131-0.37%
201635,691-184-0.51%
201535,875-249-0.69%
201436,124-264-0.73%
201336,388-247-0.67%
201236,635-168-0.46%
201136,803-140-0.38%
201036,943-2,035-0.53%
200038,978-3,545-0.87%
199042,523-5,042-1.11%
198047,565-6,363-1.25%
197053,928-4,160-0.74%
196058,0882,3630.42%
195055,72518,7504.19%
194036,97512,9334.40%
193024,0429,3055.02%
192014,7374,1803.39%
191010,5576,2759.44%
19004,2821,3813.97%
18902,9010.00%

Gadsden Population by Year