Gainesville, Georgia Population 2021

46,996
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Gainesville is a city located in Hall County Georgia. It is also the county seat of Hall County. With a 2020 population of 46,996, it is the 20th largest city in Georgia and the 845th largest city in the United States . Gainesville is currently growing at a rate of 4.17% annually and its population has increased by 39.02% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 33,804 in 2010. Gainesville reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 35 miles, Gainesville has a population density of 1,426 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gainesville is $74,033 with a poverty rate of 20.97%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $941 per month, and the median house value is $219,300. The median age in Gainesville is 31.5 years, 29.9 years for males, and 32.9 years for females.

Gainesville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gainesvillewas:

  • White: 74.83%
  • Black or African American: 15.47%
  • Other race: 4.20%
  • Two or more races: 3.01%
  • Asian: 2.18%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Gainesville, Georgia is 46,996 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 43,232.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 33,804.

Gainesville, Georgia Population 2021

2020 and 2021 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021210,2472,9031.38%
2020207,3442,9031.40%
2019204,4412,9031.42%
2018201,5382,5851.28%
2017198,9532,7941.40%
2016196,1593,9142.00%
2015192,2453,1031.61%
2014189,1422,7111.43%
2013186,4312,3291.25%
2012184,1021,8331.00%
2011182,2692,2361.23%
2010180,0330.00%

Gainesville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White29,92474.83%
Black or African American6,18615.47%
Some Other Race1,6794.20%
Two or More Races1,2053.01%
Asian8712.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native1260.32%
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Gainesville Population by Race

Gainesville Population Pyramid $2021

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Gainesville Median Age

31.5


Total

29.9


Male

32.9


Female

Gainesville Adults

There are 28,968 adults, (5,625 of whom are seniors) in Gainesville.

Gainesville Age Dependency

71.3

Age Dependency Ratio

24.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Gainesville Sex Ratio

Female

21,605

54.02%

Male

18,386

45.98%

Gainesville Population by Age

Gainesville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Gainesville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female26.2%73.8%
Non Family28%72%
Male28.8%71.2%
All41.8%58.2%
Married61.3%38.7%

41.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Gainesville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All13,3142.9241.8
Married5,6253.6961.3
Non Family4,5181.2828
Female2,4653.7826.2
Male7064.328.8

3.61

Average Family Size

2.92

Average Household Size

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Gainesville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,59814.91%
9th to 12th Grade2,3919.91%
High School Graduate6,17225.58%
Some College3,80315.76%
Associates Degree1,6556.86%
Bachelors Degree3,86116.00%
Graduate Degree2,64810.97%
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Gainesville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White11,57710,8575,135
Hispanic7,7953,392629
Black3,7483,160554
Other Race79248968
Asian534265170
2+ Races52143723
Native American775610

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.78%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 44.36%.

Gainesville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,077$35,663$29,833
Less Than 9th Grade$23,849$25,071$21,462
High School Graduate$31,101$33,265$26,464
Some College$35,566$40,259$30,921
Bachelors Degree$44,720$51,741$41,903
Graduate Degree$57,917$77,931$49,258

$32,077

Average Earnings

$35,663

Average Male

$29,833

Average Female

Gainesville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Gainesville Language by Age

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Gainesville Language

59.13% of Gainesville residents speak only English, while 40.87% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 37.76% of the population.

Gainesville Language

Gainesville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic16,1575,79135.84%
Black5,8801,13319.27%
White15,1751,1077.29%
Other1,64248029.23%
Multiple1,18819116.08%
Native1237762.60%

20.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.87%

Male Poverty Rate

22.82%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gainesville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is Native, with 62.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gainesville is White, with 7.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.43%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.57%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.53%.

Gainesville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade32.44%
High School18.29%
Some College6.46%
Bachelors or Greater2.58%

Gainesville Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed39.69%
Female Unemployed15.25%
Female Employed10.22%
Male Employed9.61%

Gainesville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Gainesville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$51,520$74,033
Families$59,300$83,633
Married Families$74,811-
Non Families$35,371$49,396
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Income by Household Type

Gainesville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.3%

Male Marriage Rate

41.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Gainesville Married by Age and Sex

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Gainesville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Gainesville Marital Status by Race

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Gainesville Marital Status

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1,827

Number of Veterans

1,665

Male Veterans

162

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam732
Second Gulf War285
First Gulf War195
Korea194
World War II66

Gainesville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74606
75+455
55 to 64308
35 to 54237
18 to 34221

Gainesville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,4266.51%
Black3888.40%
Hispanic370.38%
2+ Races131.90%

Gainesville Veterans by Race

Gainesville Veterans by Education

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7.25%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.64%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gainesville Veterans by Education

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62.4%

Labor Force Participation

60.5%

Employment Rate

3.1%

Unemployment Rate

Gainesville Employment by Age

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Gainesville Employment by Race

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Gainesville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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50.22%

Born in Gainesville

76.56%

Native Born

23.44%

Foreign Born

17.52%

Non Citizen

5.92%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

76.56% of Gainesville residents were born in the United States, with 50.22% having been born in Georgia. 17.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Gainesville Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202146,9961,8824.17%
202045,1141,8824.35%
201943,2321,8824.55%
201841,3509842.44%
201740,3662,1525.63%
201638,2141,3653.70%
201536,8498432.34%
201436,0067492.12%
201335,2575661.63%
201234,6913170.92%
201134,3743170.93%
201034,0578,4792.90%
200025,5787,6933.64%
199017,8852,6051.59%
198015,280-179-0.12%
197015,459-1,064-0.66%
196016,5234,5873.31%
195011,9361,6931.54%
194010,2431,6191.74%
19308,6242,3523.24%
19206,2723470.57%
19105,9251,5433.06%
19004,3821,1803.19%
18903,2020.00%

Gainesville Population by Year