Gary, Indiana Population 2020

73,966

Gary is a city located in Indiana. With a 2020 population of 73,966, it is the 9th largest city in Indiana and the 491st largest city in the United States. Gary is currently declining at a rate of -0.88% annually and its population has decreased by -7.88% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 80,294 in 2010. Gary reached it's highest population of 178,320 in 1960. Spanning over 57 miles, Gary has a population density of 1,487 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gary is $42,875 with a poverty rate of 33.52%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $766 per month, and the median house value is $67,400. The median age in Gary is 38.9 years, 36.1 years for males, and 41.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 84.5 males.

Gary Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gary was:

  • Black or African American: 79.84%
  • White: 14.07%
  • Other race: 3.06%
  • Two or more races: 2.66%
  • Asian: 0.24%
  • Native American: 0.11%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Gary, Indiana is 73,966, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 75,282.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 80,294.

Gary, Indiana Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American61,22179.84%
White10,79114.07%
Some Other Race2,3503.06%
Two or More Races2,0402.66%
Asian1810.24%
American Indian and Alaska Native820.11%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander120.02%

Gary Population Pyramid 2020

Gary Median Age

38.9


Total

36.1


Male

41.7


Female

Gary Adults

There are 57,492 adults, (13,716 of whom are seniors) in Gary.

Gary Age Dependency

75.2

Age Dependency Ratio

31.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Gary Sex Ratio

Female

41,568

54.21%

Male

35,109

45.79%

Gary Households and Families

Gary Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Gary Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.7%26.3%
All51.3%48.7%
Non Family50.9%49.1%
Male43.7%56.3%
Female34.7%65.3%

51.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All31,3892.4251.3
Non Family12,9321.1350.9
Female8,9563.4834.7
Married7,5113.1473.7
Male1,9903.2943.7

3.19

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Gary Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,2554.43%
9th to 12th Grade5,36610.55%
High School Graduate19,57138.48%
Some College12,69824.97%
Associates Degree4,2618.38%
Bachelors Degree4,0637.99%
Graduate Degree2,6445.20%

Gary Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black39,88234,4814,857
White6,9565,7591,189
Hispanic3,3952,513474
Other Race1,37584334
Multiple Races1,047802304
Asian16215062
Native American74317
Islander1212

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 38.27%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,680$31,133$24,216
Less Than High School$15,435$19,047$12,893
High School Grad$25,683$30,659$22,097
Some College$27,564$31,764$25,398
Bachelors Degree$34,223$41,480$32,170
Graduate Degree$50,638$53,636$44,212

$26,680

Average Earnings

$31,133

Average Male

$24,216

Average Female

Gary Language

Gary Language by Age

Gary Language

95.49% of Gary residents speak only English, while 4.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.27% of the population.

Gary Poverty

Gary Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black60,60220,47233.78%
White8,5502,67031.23%
Hispanic5,5701,88733.88%
Multiple1,98693647.13%
Other2,30678233.91%
Asian1814927.07%
Native824858.54%

33.52%

Overall Poverty Rate

31.25%

Male Poverty Rate

35.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gary

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gary is Native, with 58.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gary is Asian, with 27.07% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.73%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.19%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.21%
High School25.18%
Some College24.34%
Bachelors or Greater11.23%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed56.73%
Male Unemployed37.79%
Female Employed18.38%
Male Employed11.79%

Gary Income

Gary Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$30,310$42,875
Families$37,818$49,701
Married Families$57,202$71,363
Non Families$19,536$30,652

Gary Marital Status

Gary Marital Status

Marriage Rates

27.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.9%

Male Marriage Rate

24.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Gary Married by Age and Sex

Gary Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Gary Marital Status by Race

Gary Veterans

4,581

Number of Veterans

4,349

Male Veterans

232

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,873
First Gulf War570
Second Gulf War388
Korea286
World War II226
Name Veterans % of Total
Black3,6488.06%
White7898.77%
Hispanic1804.46%
2 or More968.16%
Indian2533.78%
Other231.29%

$Gary Veterans by Education

14.56%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.83%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gary Employment Status

51.5%

Labor Force Participation

44.4%

Employment Rate

13.8%

Unemployment Rate

Gary Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

60.76%

Born in Indiana

98.20%

Native Born

1.80%

Foreign Born

0.82%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

98.20% of Gary residents were born in the United States, with 60.76% having been born in Indiana. 0.82% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202073,966-658-0.88%
201974,624-658-0.87%
201875,282-599-0.79%
201775,881-658-0.86%
201676,539-667-0.86%
201577,206-853-1.09%
201478,059-527-0.67%
201378,586-602-0.76%
201279,188-511-0.64%
201179,699-516-0.64%
201080,215-22,531-2.45%
2000102,746-13,900-1.26%
1990116,646-35,322-2.61%
1980151,968-23,447-1.42%
1970175,415-2,905-0.16%
1960178,32044,4092.91%
1950133,91122,1921.83%
1940111,71911,2931.07%
1930100,42645,0486.13%
192055,37838,57612.67%
191016,8020.00%