Gary, Indiana Population 2021

74,217
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Gary is a city located in Lake County Indiana. With a 2020 population of 74,217, it is the 9th largest city in Indiana and the 489th largest city in the United States . Gary is currently declining at a rate of -0.44% annually and its population has decreased by -7.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 80,294 in 2010. Gary reached it's highest population of 178,320 in 1960. Spanning over 57 miles, Gary has a population density of 1,493 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gary is $44,774 with a poverty rate of 30.61%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $785 per month, and the median house value is $66,100. The median age in Gary is 39 years, 36.3 years for males, and 41.6 years for females.

Gary Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gary was:

  • Black or African American: 78.47%
  • White: 15.28%
  • Other race: 3.01%
  • Two or more races: 2.87%
  • Asian: 0.24%
  • Native American: 0.11%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Gary, Indiana is 74,217 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 75,210.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 80,294.

Gary, Indiana Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American59,64478.47%
White11,61715.28%
Some Other Race2,2873.01%
Two or More Races2,1802.87%
Asian1840.24%
American Indian and Alaska Native840.11%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander140.02%
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Gary Population by Race

Gary Population Pyramid $2021

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Gary Median Age

39


Total

36.3


Male

41.6


Female

Gary Adults

There are 57,841 adults, (14,014 of whom are seniors) in Gary.

Gary Age Dependency

73.4

Age Dependency Ratio

32

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Gary Sex Ratio

Female

41,050

54.01%

Male

34,960

45.99%

Gary Population by Age

Gary Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Gary Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74%26%
All50.6%49.4%
Non Family50%50%
Male41.8%58.2%
Female33.9%66.1%

50.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Gary Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All31,5152.3950.6
Non Family13,1821.1350
Female8,7513.4133.9
Married7,3823.1674
Male2,2003.2341.8

3.15

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

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Gary Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,3354.58%
9th to 12th Grade5,10710.02%
High School Graduate19,70338.67%
Some College12,59424.72%
Associates Degree4,1478.14%
Bachelors Degree4,2558.35%
Graduate Degree2,8095.51%
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Gary Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Gary Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black39,32234,0875,049
White7,2946,0651,308
Hispanic3,7602,854519
Other Race1,33386051
2+ Races1,076861325
Asian15615659
Native American84419
Islander1410

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 37.82%.

Gary Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,617$32,061$25,430
Less Than 9th Grade$17,312$21,750$13,615
High School Graduate$26,539$30,965$24,148
Some College$27,598$32,412$25,313
Bachelors Degree$36,974$43,456$33,988
Graduate Degree$46,066$53,236$43,867

$27,617

Average Earnings

$32,061

Average Male

$25,430

Average Female

Gary Earnings by Educational Attainment

Gary Language by Age

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Gary Language

95.14% of Gary residents speak only English, while 4.86% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.46% of the population.

Gary Language

Gary Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black59,05418,14130.72%
White8,7842,53628.87%
Hispanic5,9861,79930.05%
Multiple2,09885940.94%
Other2,25371431.69%
Asian1844826.09%
Native843440.48%

30.61%

Overall Poverty Rate

28.31%

Male Poverty Rate

32.57%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gary

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gary is Multiple, with 40.94% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gary is Asian, with 26.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.49%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.87%.

Gary Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade33.52%
High School25.02%
Some College21.48%
Bachelors or Greater11.96%

Gary Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed50.66%
Male Unemployed31.45%
Female Employed17.32%
Male Employed9.50%

Gary Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Gary Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$31,936$44,774
Families$39,208$51,907
Married Families$57,377$73,991
Non Families$21,321$32,076
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Income by Household Type

Gary Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

27.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.7%

Male Marriage Rate

24.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Gary Married by Age and Sex

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Gary Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Gary Marital Status by Race

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Gary Marital Status

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4,522

Number of Veterans

4,182

Male Veterans

340

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,916
First Gulf War392
Second Gulf War355
Korea257
World War II235

Gary Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,636
75+1,082
55 to 64970
35 to 54629
18 to 34205

Gary Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black3,7608.40%
White6436.59%
Hispanic1643.66%
2+ Races685.46%
Other Race301.67%
Native American2125.00%

Gary Veterans by Race

Gary Veterans by Education

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13.75%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.68%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gary Veterans by Education

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51.5%

Labor Force Participation

45%

Employment Rate

12.4%

Unemployment Rate

Gary Employment by Age

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Gary Employment by Race

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Gary Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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59.21%

Born in Gary

98.20%

Native Born

1.80%

Foreign Born

0.95%

Non Citizen

0.85%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.20% of Gary residents were born in the United States, with 59.21% having been born in Indiana. 0.95% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Gary Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202174,217-331-0.44%
202074,548-331-0.44%
201974,879-331-0.44%
201875,210-565-0.75%
201775,775-675-0.88%
201676,450-678-0.88%
201577,128-857-1.10%
201477,985-533-0.68%
201378,518-610-0.77%
201279,128-517-0.65%
201179,645-510-0.64%
201080,155-22,591-2.45%
2000102,746-13,900-1.26%
1990116,646-35,322-2.61%
1980151,968-23,447-1.42%
1970175,415-2,905-0.16%
1960178,32044,4092.91%
1950133,91122,1921.83%
1940111,71911,2931.07%
1930100,42645,0486.13%
192055,37838,57612.67%
191016,8020.00%

Gary Population by Year