Gastonia, North Carolina Population 2021

78,049
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Gastonia is a city located in Gaston County North Carolina. With a 2020 population of 78,049, it is the 13th largest city in North Carolina and the 456th largest city in the United States . Gastonia is currently growing at a rate of 0.50% annually and its population has increased by 8.79% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 71,741 in 2010. Gastonia reached it's highest population of 78,049 in 2021. Spanning over 52 miles, Gastonia has a population density of 1,511 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gastonia is $68,119 with a poverty rate of 16.76%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $879 per month, and the median house value is $155,200. The median age in Gastonia is 38.4 years, 37.1 years for males, and 39.3 years for females.

Gastonia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gastonia was:

  • White: 62.49%
  • Black or African American: 28.68%
  • Other race: 3.57%
  • Two or more races: 3.13%
  • Asian: 1.91%
  • Native American: 0.20%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Gastonia, North Carolina is 78,049 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 76,885.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 71,741.

Gastonia, North Carolina Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20212,724,75043,9301.61%
20202,680,82043,9401.64%
20192,636,88043,9301.67%
20182,592,95042,5801.64%
20172,550,37050,6701.99%
20162,499,70051,8002.07%
20152,447,90047,4201.94%
20142,400,48041,8201.74%
20132,358,66039,9901.70%
20122,318,67037,4401.61%
20112,281,23031,1101.36%
20102,250,1200.00%

Gastonia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White47,41962.49%
Black or African American21,76428.68%
Some Other Race2,7073.57%
Two or More Races2,3793.13%
Asian1,4521.91%
American Indian and Alaska Native1540.20%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander120.02%
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Gastonia Population by Race

Gastonia Population Pyramid $2021

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Gastonia Median Age

38.4


Total

37.1


Male

39.3


Female

Gastonia Adults

There are 57,450 adults, (11,814 of whom are seniors) in Gastonia.

Gastonia Age Dependency

66.3

Age Dependency Ratio

25.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Gastonia Sex Ratio

Female

40,080

52.82%

Male

35,807

47.18%

Gastonia Population by Age

Gastonia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Gastonia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.3%26.7%
All53.7%46.3%
Male43.7%56.3%
Non Family41.3%58.7%
Female31%69%

53.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Gastonia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All28,9732.5753.7
Married12,5693.2873.3
Non Family10,6481.2841.3
Female4,4263.4231
Male1,3303.2843.7

3.24

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

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Gastonia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,5744.99%
9th to 12th Grade5,35010.36%
High School Graduate14,39027.88%
Some College11,70822.68%
Associates Degree5,1249.93%
Bachelors Degree8,46116.39%
Graduate Degree4,0107.77%
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Gastonia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Gastonia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White32,03627,8998,683
Black13,92911,7022,477
Hispanic3,9472,669586
Other Race1,434843159
Asian995848531
2+ Races803648201
Native American10775
Islander1212

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 53.37%.

Gastonia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,022$38,821$30,084
Less Than 9th Grade$21,154$25,928$15,843
High School Graduate$28,183$32,118$23,384
Some College$31,336$39,217$27,735
Bachelors Degree$46,688$55,433$36,501
Graduate Degree$60,417$78,417$51,536

$33,022

Average Earnings

$38,821

Average Male

$30,084

Average Female

Gastonia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Gastonia Language by Age

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Gastonia Language

87.62% of Gastonia residents speak only English, while 12.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.18% of the population.

Gastonia Language

Gastonia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black21,4074,87822.79%
White41,6284,39210.55%
Hispanic7,6402,26329.62%
Other2,63795136.06%
Multiple2,34378633.55%
Asian1,45215410.61%
Native1472416.33%

16.76%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.76%

Male Poverty Rate

18.53%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gastonia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gastonia is Other, with 36.06% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gastonia is White, with 10.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.37%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.25%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.60%.

Gastonia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.17%
High School15.44%
Some College10.29%
Bachelors or Greater5.24%

Gastonia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed42.02%
Female Unemployed34.49%
Female Employed9.36%
Male Employed6.39%

Gastonia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Gastonia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$49,460$68,119
Families$63,316$80,047
Married Families$80,758-
Non Families$30,713$45,341
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Income by Household Type

Gastonia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.8%

Male Marriage Rate

41.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Gastonia Married by Age and Sex

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Gastonia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Gastonia Marital Status by Race

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Gastonia Marital Status

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4,521

Number of Veterans

4,159

Male Veterans

362

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,660
First Gulf War802
Second Gulf War771
Korea226
World War II150

Gastonia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,161
35 to 541,155
55 to 64979
75+944
18 to 34282

Gastonia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,3649.05%
Black1,0676.58%
Hispanic1292.80%
Other Race321.93%
2+ Races302.88%
Asian242.04%
Native American43.05%

Gastonia Veterans by Race

Gastonia Veterans by Education

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8.53%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gastonia Veterans by Education

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64%

Labor Force Participation

59.3%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Gastonia Employment by Age

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Gastonia Employment by Race

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Gastonia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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62.87%

Born in Gastonia

92.75%

Native Born

7.25%

Foreign Born

3.75%

Non Citizen

3.51%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.75% of Gastonia residents were born in the United States, with 62.87% having been born in North Carolina. 3.75% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Gastonia Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202178,0493880.50%
202077,6613880.50%
201977,2733880.50%
201876,8855780.76%
201776,3071,3441.79%
201674,9639541.29%
201574,0098261.13%
201473,1833940.54%
201372,7892860.39%
201272,5036320.88%
201171,8711640.23%
201071,7075,4300.79%
200066,27711,5451.93%
199054,7327,5141.49%
198047,218-104-0.02%
197047,32210,0462.41%
196037,27614,2074.92%
195023,0691,7560.79%
194021,3134,2202.23%
193017,0934,2222.88%
192012,8717,1128.37%
19105,7591,1492.25%
19004,6100.00%

Gastonia Population by Year