Gastonia, North Carolina Population 2020

79,784

Gastonia is a city located in North Carolina. With a 2020 population of 79,784, it is the 13th largest city in North Carolina and the 445th largest city in the United States. Gastonia is currently growing at a rate of 1.76% annually and its population has increased by 11.21% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 71,741 in 2010. Spanning over 52 miles, Gastonia has a population density of 1,545 people per square mile.

The average household income in Gastonia is $65,793 with a poverty rate of 18.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $847 per month, and the median house value is $144,000. The median age in Gastonia is 38.6 years, 37 years for males, and 40.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 89.1 males.

Gastonia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Gastonia was:

  • White: 63.10%
  • Black or African American: 28.14%
  • Other race: 3.59%
  • Two or more races: 2.84%
  • Asian: 2.00%
  • Native American: 0.31%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Gastonia, North Carolina is 79,784, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 77,024.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 71,741.

Gastonia, North Carolina Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,657,91044,3501.67%
20192,613,56044,3501.70%
20182,569,21044,3501.73%
20172,524,86050,3802.00%
20162,474,48052,0702.10%
20152,422,41047,7401.97%
20142,374,67041,9801.77%
20132,332,69040,5201.74%
20122,292,17037,6601.64%
20112,254,51031,2701.39%
20102,223,2400.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White47,41563.10%
Black or African American21,14228.14%
Some Other Race2,6973.59%
Two or More Races2,1322.84%
Asian1,5032.00%
American Indian and Alaska Native2300.31%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander190.03%

Gastonia Population Pyramid 2020

Gastonia Median Age

38.6


Total

37


Male

40.2


Female

Gastonia Adults

There are 56,896 adults, (11,696 of whom are seniors) in Gastonia.

Gastonia Age Dependency

66.2

Age Dependency Ratio

25.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Gastonia Sex Ratio

Female

39,744

52.89%

Male

35,394

47.11%

Gastonia Households and Families

Gastonia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Gastonia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.6%23.4%
All55.5%44.5%
Non Family44%56%
Male43%57%
Female31%69%

55.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All28,5242.5855.5
Married11,9713.376.6
Non Family10,6991.2744
Female4,6353.5131
Male1,2193.5643

3.28

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Gastonia Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,6605.19%
9th to 12th Grade5,0549.87%
High School Graduate14,11527.55%
Some College12,20223.82%
Associates Degree5,15010.05%
Bachelors Degree8,40316.40%
Graduate Degree3,6447.11%

Gastonia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White32,56928,3458,493
Black13,43611,4152,200
Hispanic3,5742,387633
Other Race1,485858257
Asian1,021878584
Multiple Races622513147
Native American162120
Islander1919

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.20%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,960$37,384$28,876
Less Than High School$20,718$25,200$14,973
High School Grad$26,383$29,710$22,345
Some College$30,940$38,001$27,127
Bachelors Degree$42,131$57,722$34,713
Graduate Degree$63,646$81,477$53,438

$31,960

Average Earnings

$37,384

Average Male

$28,876

Average Female

Gastonia Language

Gastonia Language by Age

Gastonia Language

88.76% of Gastonia residents speak only English, while 11.24% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.07% of the population.

Gastonia Poverty

Gastonia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black20,8825,63526.98%
White42,4035,01611.83%
Hispanic6,8712,10430.62%
Other2,69593434.66%
Multiple2,09861829.46%
Asian1,50217911.92%
Native2235524.66%

18.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.52%

Male Poverty Rate

20.15%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Gastonia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Gastonia is Other, with 34.66% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Gastonia is White, with 11.83% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.01%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.57%
High School18.21%
Some College11.10%
Bachelors or Greater6.56%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed42.22%
Female Unemployed36.15%
Female Employed11.31%
Male Employed6.93%

Gastonia Income

Gastonia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,301$65,793
Families$58,122$77,129
Married Families$76,592-
Non Families$28,968$44,520

Gastonia Marital Status

Gastonia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.3%

Male Marriage Rate

40.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Gastonia Married by Age and Sex

Gastonia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Gastonia Marital Status by Race

Gastonia Veterans

4,481

Number of Veterans

4,173

Male Veterans

308

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,639
First Gulf War783
Second Gulf War724
Korea279
World War II178
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,231
65 to 741,048
55 to 641,017
75+938
18 to 34247
Name Veterans % of Total
White3,2958.79%
Black1,0636.86%
Hispanic1062.60%
Other412.49%
Asian342.64%
2 or More273.61%
Indian2111.17%

$Gastonia Veterans by Education

8.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.39%

Veteran Disability Rate

Gastonia Employment Status

62.8%

Labor Force Participation

57.8%

Employment Rate

8%

Unemployment Rate

Gastonia Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

62.85%

Born in North Carolina

92.76%

Native Born

7.24%

Foreign Born

3.86%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.76% of Gastonia residents were born in the United States, with 62.85% having been born in North Carolina. 3.86% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202079,7841,3801.76%
201978,4041,3801.79%
201877,0246070.79%
201776,4171,3801.84%
201675,0379761.32%
201574,0618391.15%
201473,2224020.55%
201372,8203000.41%
201272,5206460.90%
201171,8741640.23%
201071,7105,4330.79%
200066,27711,5451.93%
199054,7327,5141.49%
198047,218-104-0.02%
197047,32210,0462.41%
196037,27614,2074.92%
195023,0691,7560.79%
194021,3134,2202.23%
193017,0934,2222.88%
192012,8717,1128.37%
19105,7591,1492.25%
19004,6100.00%