Grand Rapids, Michigan Population 2021

202,767
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Grand Rapids is a city located in Kent County Michigan. It is also the county seat of Kent County. With a 2020 population of 202,767, it is the 2nd largest city in Michigan (after Detroit) and the 118th largest city in the United States . Grand Rapids is currently growing at a rate of 0.43% annually and its population has increased by 7.83% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 188,040 in 2010. Grand Rapids reached it's highest population of 202,767 in 2021. Spanning over 46 miles, Grand Rapids has a population density of 4,530 people per square mile.

The average household income in Grand Rapids is $65,615 with a poverty rate of 20.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $925 per month, and the median house value is $143,400. The median age in Grand Rapids is 31.4 years, 30.7 years for males, and 32.2 years for females.

The most common ancestry groups in the city are German (24%), Dutch (21%), English (16%), Irish (11%), Polish (6.5%), and French (5%).

Grand Rapids has a large Dutch Reformed community. The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA) has more than 230 congregations in the state with many in Grand Rapids. CRCNA followers are largely located in the western region of Michigan where many Dutch immigrants settled. The Reformed Church in America (RCA) also has a large following in Grand Rapids. Other major congregations in the city include the Protestant Reformed Churches in America, the United Reformed Churches in North America, and the United Methodist Church.

Grand Rapids Population Growth

The Metro Grand Rapids area surpassed 1 million residents for the first time in 2013 with the most substantial population growth among all Michigan metro areas. As more people in Michigan continue to move to urban areas, Grand Rapids is expected to continue its steady growth that surpasses the state average.

The Grand Rapids area has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples for thousands of years, including the Hopewell people and the Ottawa, who founded many villages along the river. European fur traders and missionaries began building trading posts in the area among the Ottawa people in the 19th century. The first permanent European American settler established a missionary in 1825.

The official founder of Grand Rapids was Louis Campau, who build a blacksmith shop and trading post in the area in 1826. In 1831, he purchased 72 acres from the government and named the track Grand Rapids. This original track is today's downtown business area. By 1838, the community was incorporated as a village. In 1845, it had a population of 1,510. Grand Rapids was included five years later with a population of 2,686.

In 1880, Grand Rapids became the early center for America's auto industry. During the mid-19th century, Grand Rapids also became a significant timber center and the largest furniture manufacturing city in the country. Grand Rapids was nicknamed the Furniture City, and it's still the leading U.S. city for office furniture manufacturing.

Grand Rapids Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Grand Rapids was:

  • White: 67.23%
  • Black or African American: 18.56%
  • Other race: 5.72%
  • Two or more races: 5.64%
  • Asian: 2.43%
  • Native American: 0.38%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Grand Rapids, Michigan is 202,767 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 200,136.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 188,040.

Grand Rapids, Michigan Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20211,089,3706,0000.55%
20201,083,3706,0000.55%
20191,077,3706,0000.56%
20181,071,3707,7000.72%
20171,063,6708,9600.84%
20161,054,7109,8700.94%
20151,044,8408,6100.82%
20141,036,23010,7601.04%
20131,025,47011,8101.15%
20121,013,66011,1001.10%
20111,002,5608,2980.83%
2010994,2620.00%

Grand Rapids Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White133,39067.23%
Black or African American36,81918.56%
Some Other Race11,3545.72%
Two or More Races11,1865.64%
Asian4,8302.43%
American Indian and Alaska Native7490.38%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander730.04%
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Grand Rapids Population by Race

Grand Rapids Population Pyramid $2021

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Grand Rapids Median Age

31.4


Total

30.7


Male

32.2


Female

Grand Rapids Adults

There are 154,349 adults, (23,968 of whom are seniors) in Grand Rapids.

Grand Rapids Age Dependency

52.2

Age Dependency Ratio

18.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Grand Rapids Sex Ratio

Female

100,461

50.64%

Male

97,940

49.36%

Grand Rapids Population by Age

Grand Rapids Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Grand Rapids Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.7%21.3%
All55.4%44.6%
Male47.8%52.2%
Non Family42.5%57.5%
Female39.7%60.3%

55.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Grand Rapids Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All75,4222.5355.4
Non Family34,0271.4742.5
Married27,1323.2478.7
Female9,9923.6939.7
Male4,2713.6947.8

3.25

Average Family Size

2.53

Average Household Size

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Grand Rapids Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,5456.70%
9th to 12th Grade8,3686.56%
High School Graduate27,92621.91%
Some College26,13220.50%
Associates Degree10,0997.92%
Bachelors Degree31,11324.41%
Graduate Degree15,30112.00%
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Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White84,96480,06738,892
Black21,85018,1823,792
Hispanic15,0527,5641,787
Other Race5,6242,289443
2+ Races3,7883,369899
Asian2,8512,0621,252
Native American4733404
Islander443822

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.24%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 50.00%.

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,532$36,597$30,603
Less Than 9th Grade$20,155$23,006$15,804
High School Graduate$26,208$30,065$21,451
Some College$30,391$33,097$26,469
Bachelors Degree$42,612$48,493$39,190
Graduate Degree$54,320$62,007$51,096

$32,532

Average Earnings

$36,597

Average Male

$30,603

Average Female

Grand Rapids Earnings by Educational Attainment

Grand Rapids Language by Age

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Grand Rapids Language

83.47% of Grand Rapids residents speak only English, while 16.53% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.27% of the population.

Grand Rapids Language

Grand Rapids Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White112,17815,14113.50%
Black35,78610,55129.48%
Hispanic31,28210,41933.31%
Other11,2433,65032.46%
Multiple10,8273,58233.08%
Asian4,5641,01522.24%
Native72923732.51%
Islander7368.22%

20.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.97%

Male Poverty Rate

21.84%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Grand Rapids

The race most likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Hispanic, with 33.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Islander, with 8.22% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.66%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.41%.

Grand Rapids Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade33.23%
High School19.58%
Some College16.05%
Bachelors or Greater4.63%

Grand Rapids Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed44.47%
Male Unemployed42.31%
Female Employed12.72%
Male Employed9.75%

Grand Rapids Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Grand Rapids Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,103$65,615
Families$62,036$76,667
Married Families$78,921$94,328
Non Families$36,899$49,348
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Income by Household Type

Grand Rapids Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

36.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.8%

Male Marriage Rate

36.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Grand Rapids Married by Age and Sex

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Grand Rapids Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Grand Rapids Marital Status by Race

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Grand Rapids Marital Status

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7,513

Number of Veterans

6,918

Male Veterans

595

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,673
Second Gulf War1,105
First Gulf War1,049
Korea595
World War II478

Grand Rapids Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,113
75+1,896
35 to 541,391
55 to 641,354
18 to 34759

Grand Rapids Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,0315.47%
Black1,2654.80%
Hispanic1780.92%
2+ Races971.66%
Other Race650.90%
Native American509.47%
Asian50.13%

Grand Rapids Veterans by Race

Grand Rapids Veterans by Education

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11.33%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

Grand Rapids Veterans by Education

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68.8%

Labor Force Participation

64.3%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Grand Rapids Employment by Age

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Grand Rapids Employment by Race

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Grand Rapids Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.42%

Born in Grand Rapids

89.07%

Native Born

10.93%

Foreign Born

7.59%

Non Citizen

3.33%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

89.07% of Grand Rapids residents were born in the United States, with 71.42% having been born in Michigan. 7.59% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Grand Rapids Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021202,7678770.43%
2020201,8908770.44%
2019201,0138770.44%
2018200,1361,0010.50%
2017199,1352,5791.31%
2016196,5561,5000.77%
2015195,0567210.37%
2014194,3351,3530.70%
2013192,9822,1611.13%
2012190,8211,7170.91%
2011189,1041,0970.58%
2010188,007-9,793-0.51%
2000197,8008,6740.45%
1990189,1267,2830.39%
1980181,843-15,806-0.83%
1970197,64920,3361.09%
1960177,3137980.05%
1950176,51512,2230.72%
1940164,292-4,300-0.26%
1930168,59230,9582.05%
1920137,63425,0632.03%
1910112,57125,0062.54%
190087,56527,2873.80%
189060,27828,2626.53%
188032,01615,5096.85%
187016,5078,4227.40%
18608,0855,39911.65%
18502,6860.00%

Grand Rapids Population by Year