Grand Rapids is a city located in Kent County Michigan. Grand Rapids has a 2023 population of 195,911. It is also the county seat of Kent County.Grand Rapids is currently declining at a rate of -0.38% annually and its population has decreased by -1.14% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 198,173 in 2020.
The average household income in Grand Rapids is $72,017 with a poverty rate of 18.6%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Grand Rapids is 31.5 years, 31.2 years for males, and 31.8 years for females.
The most common ancestry groups in the city are German (24%), Dutch (21%), English (16%), Irish (11%), Polish (6.5%), and French (5%).
Grand Rapids has a large Dutch Reformed community. The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA) has more than 230 congregations in the state with many in Grand Rapids. CRCNA followers are largely located in the western region of Michigan where many Dutch immigrants settled. The Reformed Church in America (RCA) also has a large following in Grand Rapids. Other major congregations in the city include the Protestant Reformed Churches in America, the United Reformed Churches in North America, and the United Methodist Church.
The Metro Grand Rapids area surpassed 1 million residents for the first time in 2013 with the most substantial population growth among all Michigan metro areas. As more people in Michigan continue to move to urban areas, Grand Rapids is expected to continue its steady growth that surpasses the state average.
The Grand Rapids area has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples for thousands of years, including the Hopewell people and the Ottawa, who founded many villages along the river. European fur traders and missionaries began building trading posts in the area among the Ottawa people in the 19th century. The first permanent European American settler established a missionary in 1825.
The official founder of Grand Rapids was Louis Campau, who build a blacksmith shop and trading post in the area in 1826. In 1831, he purchased 72 acres from the government and named the track Grand Rapids. This original track is today's downtown business area. By 1838, the community was incorporated as a village. In 1845, it had a population of 1,510. Grand Rapids was included five years later with a population of 2,686.
In 1880, Grand Rapids became the early center for America's auto industry. During the mid-19th century, Grand Rapids also became a significant timber center and the largest furniture manufacturing city in the country. Grand Rapids was nicknamed the Furniture City, and it's still the leading U.S. city for office furniture manufacturing.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Grand Rapids was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 83.02%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 39.78%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
83.62% of Grand Rapids residents speak only English, while 16.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.59% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Native, with 31.24% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is White, with 12.4% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.85%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.21%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Grand Rapids
92.64% of Grand Rapids residents were born in the United States, with 73.91% having been born in Michigan. 7.54% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.