Grand Rapids, Michigan Population 2020

205,289

Grand Rapids is a city located in Kent County, Michigan. With a 2020 population of 205,289, it is the 2nd largest city in Michigan (after Detroit) and the 115th largest city in the United States. Grand Rapids is currently growing at a rate of 1.25% annually and its population has increased by 9.17% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 188,040 in 2010. Spanning over 46 miles, Grand Rapids has a population density of 4,587 people per square mile.

The average household income in Grand Rapids is $62,979 with a poverty rate of 21.24%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $895 per month, and the median house value is $131,700. The median age in Grand Rapids is 31 years, 30.3 years for males, and 31.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.2 males.

The most common ancestry groups in the city are German (24%), Dutch (21%), English (16%), Irish (11%), Polish (6.5%), and French (5%).

Grand Rapids has a large Dutch Reformed community. The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA) has more than 230 congregations in the state with many in Grand Rapids. CRCNA followers are largely located in the western region of Michigan where many Dutch immigrants settled. The Reformed Church in America (RCA) also has a large following in Grand Rapids. Other major congregations in the city include the Protestant Reformed Churches in America, the United Reformed Churches in North America, and the United Methodist Church.

Grand Rapids Population Growth

The Metro Grand Rapids area surpassed 1 million residents for the first time in 2013 with the most substantial population growth among all Michigan metro areas. As more people in Michigan continue to move to urban areas, Grand Rapids is expected to continue its steady growth that surpasses the state average.

The Grand Rapids area has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples for thousands of years, including the Hopewell people and the Ottawa, who founded many villages along the river. European fur traders and missionaries began building trading posts in the area among the Ottawa people in the 19th century. The first permanent European American settler established a missionary in 1825.

The official founder of Grand Rapids was Louis Campau, who build a blacksmith shop and trading post in the area in 1826. In 1831, he purchased 72 acres from the government and named the track Grand Rapids. This original track is today's downtown business area. By 1838, the community was incorporated as a village. In 1845, it had a population of 1,510. Grand Rapids was included five years later with a population of 2,686.

In 1880, Grand Rapids became the early center for America's auto industry. During the mid-19th century, Grand Rapids also became a significant timber center and the largest furniture manufacturing city in the country. Grand Rapids was nicknamed the Furniture City, and it's still the leading U.S. city for office furniture manufacturing.

Grand Rapids Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Grand Rapids was:

  • White: 67.53%
  • Black or African American: 19.16%
  • Other race: 5.51%
  • Two or more races: 5.04%
  • Asian: 2.31%
  • Native American: 0.40%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Grand Rapids, Michigan is 205,289, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 200,217. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 188,040.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,087,5639,0790.83%
20191,078,4849,0790.84%
20181,069,4059,0790.85%
20171,060,3269,7350.92%
20161,050,59110,1500.97%
20151,040,4419,0030.87%
20141,031,43810,7911.05%
20131,020,64711,8491.16%
20121,008,79811,2531.12%
2011997,5458,0280.80%
2010989,5170.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White133,09867.53%
Black or African American37,75319.16%
Some Other Race10,8525.51%
Two or More Races9,9345.04%
Asian4,5562.31%
American Indian and Alaska Native7820.40%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1060.05%

Grand Rapids Population Pyramid 2020

Grand Rapids Median Age

31


Total

30.3


Male

31.8


Female

Grand Rapids Adults

There are 151,622 adults, (23,069 of whom are seniors) in Grand Rapids.

Grand Rapids Age Dependency

53.3

Age Dependency Ratio

17.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Grand Rapids Sex Ratio

Female

99,946

50.71%

Male

97,135

49.29%

Grand Rapids Households and Families

Grand Rapids Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Grand Rapids Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.8%22.2%
All54.1%45.9%
Male44.7%55.3%
Non Family40.9%59.1%
Female39.7%60.3%

54.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All74,2022.5554.1
Non Family33,2951.540.9
Married26,4543.3177.8
Female10,5173.5839.7
Male3,9363.6844.7

3.27

Average Family Size

2.55

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Grand Rapids Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,1746.56%
9th to 12th Grade8,5176.84%
High School Graduate27,84222.35%
Some College25,92820.82%
Associates Degree9,7037.79%
Bachelors Degree29,17223.42%
Graduate Degree15,21912.22%

Grand Rapids Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White83,63378,78437,527
Black21,89717,8773,636
Hispanic14,1277,1701,516
Other Race5,2032,154385
Multiple Races3,2322,769676
Asian2,7171,9421,152
Native American42730231
Islander423424

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.20%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 57.14%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,830$34,800$29,800
Less Than High School$19,029$22,078$14,415
High School Grad$25,089$28,156$20,823
Some College$29,887$32,125$26,657
Bachelors Degree$41,099$47,115$37,040
Graduate Degree$54,178$57,500$51,160

$31,830

Average Earnings

$34,800

Average Male

$29,800

Average Female

Grand Rapids Language

Grand Rapids Language by Age

Grand Rapids Language

83.94% of Grand Rapids residents speak only English, while 16.06% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 10.93% of the population.

Grand Rapids Poverty

Grand Rapids Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White111,79916,09814.40%
Hispanic30,64410,92235.64%
Black36,80610,88529.57%
Other10,7033,85235.99%
Multiple9,6373,13832.56%
Asian4,29597422.68%
Native77336246.83%
Islander10687.55%

21.24%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.13%

Male Poverty Rate

22.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Grand Rapids

The race most likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Native, with 46.83% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Grand Rapids is Islander, with 7.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.58%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.85%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.84%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.16%
High School19.23%
Some College15.94%
Bachelors or Greater5.39%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.83%
Male Unemployed41.22%
Female Employed13.71%
Male Employed10.63%

Grand Rapids Income

Grand Rapids Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,173$62,979
Families$57,937$72,892
Married Families$74,601$90,253
Non Families$34,447$48,147

Grand Rapids Marital Status

Grand Rapids Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.6%

Male Marriage Rate

35.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Grand Rapids Married by Age and Sex

Grand Rapids Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Grand Rapids Marital Status by Race

Grand Rapids Veterans

8,075

Number of Veterans

7,427

Male Veterans

648

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,694
Second Gulf War1,066
First Gulf War996
World War II756
Korea728
Name Veterans % of Total
White6,3215.80%
Black1,5635.88%
Hispanic1800.99%
2 or More821.69%
Indian5210.38%
Other460.68%
Asian110.29%

$Grand Rapids Veterans by Education

14.01%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.70%

Veteran Disability Rate

Grand Rapids Employment Status

68.6%

Labor Force Participation

63.9%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Grand Rapids Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

71.54%

Born in Michigan

89.53%

Native Born

10.47%

Foreign Born

7.37%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.53% of Grand Rapids residents were born in the United States, with 71.54% having been born in Michigan. 7.37% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020205,2892,5361.25%
2019202,7532,5361.27%
2018200,2171,1350.57%
2017199,0822,5361.29%
2016196,5461,4730.76%
2015195,0737210.37%
2014194,3521,3610.71%
2013192,9912,1741.14%
2012190,8171,7300.91%
2011189,0871,0840.58%
2010188,003-9,797-0.51%
2000197,8008,6740.45%
1990189,1267,2830.39%
1980181,843-15,806-0.83%
1970197,64920,3361.09%
1960177,3137980.05%
1950176,51512,2230.72%
1940164,292-4,300-0.26%
1930168,59230,9582.05%
1920137,63425,0632.03%
1910112,57125,0062.54%
190087,56527,2873.80%
189060,27828,2626.53%
188032,01615,5096.85%
187016,5078,4227.40%
18608,0855,39911.65%
18502,6860.00%