Green Bay is a city located in Brown County, Wisconsin. With a 2020 population of 105,413, it is the 3rd largest city in Wisconsin (after Milwaukee and Madison) and the 295th largest city in the United States. Green Bay is currently growing at a rate of 0.25% annually and its population has increased by 1.30% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 104,057 in 2010. Spanning over 56 miles, Green Bay has a population density of 2,318 people per square mile.
The average household income in Green Bay is $61,597 with a poverty rate of 16.03%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $701 per month, and the median house value is $131,100. The median age in Green Bay is 34.1 years, 33.2 years for males, and 34.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.4 males.
Green Bay is a predominantly Catholic city, at more than 71% of the population. Lutherans account for 16%, followed by Protestant denominations at 12%. There are also small populations of Jewish and Islamic people.
Green Bay Population Growth
Hispanic people have fueled much of the growth in Green Bay over the last decade. Brown County's population is now at its highest ever thanks to a jump in the number of Hispanics in the area, which grew to by 10.4%.
Green Bay's history dates back to the founding of La Baye or La Baie des Puants ("the stinking Bay"), a small trading post formed in 1634 by Jean Nicolet. Nicolet was commissioned by de Champlain, New France's founder, to create an alliance with the Indians in the western regions who were interfering with France's fur trade. When Nicolet first came to the Green Bay region, it was already inhabited by the Menominee. He remained with the tribe for almost a year and allied.
A Jesuit Mission was established in the area in 1671. A fort was added decades later, and the town was incorporated in 1754. The town came under the control of the British in 1761 during the Seven Years' War, eventually controlling all of Wisconsin two years later. In 1745, the first permanent settler in the area, Charles de Langlade, established a trading post at Green Bay.
After the War of 1812, the United States built Fort Howard to protect its border. As more British settlers moved to the area, they began referring to the town as Green Bay. Green Bay grew into a large trading center as after the completion of the Erie Canal. The town was incorporated as the city of Green Bay in 1854. By 1950, the city had grown to 52,700 people.