Greensboro is a city located in Guilford County, North Carolina. With a 2020 population of 299,946, it is the 3rd largest city in North Carolina (after Charlotte and Raleigh) and the 66th largest city in the United States. Greensboro is currently growing at a rate of 0.88% annually and its population has increased by 11.23% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 269,666 in 2010. Spanning over 134 miles, Greensboro has a population density of 2,324 people per square mile.
The average household income in Greensboro is $68,483 with a poverty rate of 18.54%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $846 per month, and the median house value is $152,900. The median age in Greensboro is 35.2 years, 34.1 years for males, and 36 years for females. For every 100 females there are 86.9 males.
This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure residents and visitors alike.
Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The primary religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro.
The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.
Greensboro Population Growth
Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it continues to proliferate. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the poll taken in 2010. Since the last count, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.
Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by the state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.
Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses, and estates.
Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.
Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning community. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks, and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.