Hilo, Hawaii Population 2024

47,627

Hilo is a city located in Hawaii County Hawaii. Hilo has a 2024 population of 47,627. It is also the county seat of Hawaii County.Hilo is currently declining at a rate of annually and its population has increased by 5.26% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 45,248 in 2020.

The average household income in Hilo is $101,320 with a poverty rate of 14.85%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Hilo is 41.5 years, 39.5 years for males, and 43.5 years for females.

Hilo is home to two volcanoes, including Mauna Loa which is active. It is also the site of the University of Hawaii at Hilo and is known for the Merrie Monarch Festival and is one of the largest producers of macadamia nuts in the world.

Hilo Population Growth

The city’s population throughout the 20th century grew until 1960 when the census that year showed that a population drop had occurred. However, by the next poll, that number had bounced back, and substantial growth was recorded at the next 10-year census in 1980. The city is continuing to see slow but steady growth, a trend that is expected to continue through the future.

Hilo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hilo was:

  • Two or more races: 38.22%
  • Asian: 31.16%
  • White: 17.11%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 12.02%
  • Other race: 0.76%
  • Black or African American: 0.68%
  • Native American: 0.05%
State
Hawaii
Land Area (mi²)
53.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
892.10/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
5.26% (2,379)
The current population of Hilo, Hawaii is 47,627 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 45,248.

Hilo, Hawaii Population 2024

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Hilo Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
Two or more races18,20238.22%
Asian14,84031.16%
White8,15017.11%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander5,72712.02%
Other race3620.76%
Black or African American3230.68%
Native American230.05%
showing: 7 rows

Two or more races

Asian

White

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Hilo Population by Race

Hilo Population Pyramid 2024

Hilo Median Age

41.5

Total

39.5

Male

43.5

Female

Hilo Adults

There are 37,555 adults, (10,693 of whom are seniors) in Hilo.

Hilo Age Dependency

77.3

Age Dependency Ratio

39.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Hilo Sex Ratio

Female24,58751.62%
Male23,04048.38%

Hilo Population by Age

Hilo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All16,7522.7864.835.2
Married7,4413.583.216.8
Non Family5,7831.3252.847.2
Female2,6423.6943.556.5
Male8863.551.248.8
showing: 5 rows

3.39

Average Family Size

2.78

Average Household Size

64.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Hilo Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Hilo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Hilo Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among black people with a rate of 62.32%.

Hilo Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$45,199

Average Earnings

$49,611

Average Male

$41,050

Average Female

Hilo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Hilo Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Hilo Language

76.63% of Hilo residents speak only English, while 23.37% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 14.9% of the population.

Hilo Language

Hilo Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Multiple17,9113,56719.92%
Hispanic6,2371,55024.85%
Asian14,5591,0537.23%
White7,1741,02014.22%
Islander5,59480914.46%
Black31722169.72%
Other3394513.27%
Native23313.04%
showing: 8 rows

14.85%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.43%

Male Poverty Rate

15.24%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hilo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hilo is Black, with 69.72% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hilo is Asian, with 7.23% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.66%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.76%.

Hilo Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
High School17.69%
Less Than 9th Grade17.53%
Some College9.68%
Bachelors or Greater7.1%
showing: 4 rows

Hilo Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed31.91%
Female Unemployed31.88%
Female Employed8.32%
Male Employed7.15%
showing: 4 rows

Hilo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Hilo Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Hilo Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

44.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.0%

Male Marriage Rate

41.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Hilo Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Hilo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Hilo Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Hilo Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

3,205

Number of Veterans

2,984

Male Veterans

221

Female Veterans

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Hilo Veterans by War

count

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Hilo Veterans by Age

count

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Hilo Veterans by Race

Hilo Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

4.83%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.81%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hilo Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

58.8%

Labor Force Participation

54.6%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Hilo Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Hilo Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Hilo Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

73.41%

Born in Hilo

90.97%

Native Born

9.03%

Foreign Born

4.14%

Non Citizen

4.9%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.97% of Hilo residents were born in the United States, with 73.41% having been born in Hawaii. 4.14% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Hilo Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202447,627
202347,627
202247,6271,0682.29%
202146,5591,3112.9%
202045,2481920.43%
201945,056-1,228-2.65%
201846,2845811.27%
201745,7031240.27%
201645,5791990.44%
201545,3808311.87%
201444,549630.14%
201344,486-672-1.49%
201245,158-1,436-3.08%
201146,5943,3317.7%
201043,263
200040,7592,9517.81%
199037,8082,5397.2%
198035,2698,91633.83%
197026,3533871.49%
196025,966-1,232-4.53%
195027,1983,84516.46%
194023,3533,88519.96%
193019,4689,03786.64%
192010,4313,68654.65%
19106,7452,24549.89%
18704,500-43,127-90.55%
showing: 26 rows

Hilo Population by Year