Hilo, Hawaii Population 2020

46,284

Hilo is a city located in Hawaii County, Hawaii. Hilo has a 2020 population of 46,284. Hilo is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has increased by 6.98% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 43,263 in 2010. Hilo reached it's highest population of 46,594 in 2011.

The average household income in Hilo is $74,327 with a poverty rate of 19.02%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,013 per month, and the median house value is $319,100. The median age in Hilo is 40 years, 38.3 years for males, and 40.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.9 males.

Hilo is home to two volcanoes, including Mauna Loa which is active. It is also the site of the University of Hawaii at Hilo and is known for the Merrie Monarch Festival and is one of the largest producers of macadamia nuts in the world.

Hilo Population Growth

The city’s population throughout the 20th century grew until 1960 when the census that year showed that a population drop had occurred. However, by the next poll, that number had bounced back, and substantial growth was recorded at the next 10-year census in 1980. The city is continuing to see slow but steady growth, a trend that is expected to continue through the future.

Hilo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hilo was:

  • Two or more races: 37.32%
  • Asian: 32.29%
  • White: 18.82%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 9.80%
  • Black or African American: 0.75%
  • Other race: 0.75%
  • Native American: 0.28%
The current population of Hilo, Hawaii is 46,284, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 46,284. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 43,263.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Two or More Races17,27437.32%
Asian14,94532.29%
White8,71018.82%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,5349.80%
Black or African American3470.75%
Some Other Race3460.75%
American Indian and Alaska Native1280.28%

Hilo Population Pyramid 2020

Hilo Median Age

40


Total

38.3


Male

40.9


Female

Hilo Adults

There are 36,609 adults, (9,003 of whom are seniors) in Hilo.

Hilo Age Dependency

67.7

Age Dependency Ratio

32.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35

Child Dependency Ratio

Hilo Sex Ratio

Female

23,875

51.58%

Male

22,409

48.42%

Hilo Households and Families

Hilo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Hilo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.3%20.7%
All60.6%39.4%
Male53.4%46.6%
Non Family46.8%53.2%
Female41.7%58.3%

60.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All16,3022.7660.6
Married7,1263.379.3
Non Family5,8761.3846.8
Female2,3804.0541.7
Male9204.0453.4

3.39

Average Family Size

2.76

Average Household Size

8.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Hilo Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4631.47%
9th to 12th Grade1,6965.39%
High School Graduate9,05928.81%
Some College5,66418.01%
Associates Degree3,91312.44%
Bachelors Degree7,27023.12%
Graduate Degree3,37810.74%

Hilo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian12,34111,7404,988
Multiple Races8,7758,0511,959
White6,3015,9832,911
Islander2,8412,454464
Hispanic2,0941,831411
Black22822895
Other Race20117730
Native American12811826

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.20%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,874$40,885$34,358
Less Than High School$13,140$$12,367
High School Grad$30,886$34,269$28,216
Some College$33,310$37,946$29,250
Bachelors Degree$43,043$46,250$41,972
Graduate Degree$64,572$78,167$60,056

$37,874

Average Earnings

$40,885

Average Male

$34,358

Average Female

Hilo Language

Hilo Language by Age

Hilo Language

82.66% of Hilo residents speak only English, while 17.34% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 14.17% of the population.

Hilo Poverty

Hilo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Multiple16,9434,01923.72%
Hispanic4,7271,73936.79%
White7,2181,41419.59%
Islander4,4001,17026.59%
Asian14,5981,0307.06%
Black33911233.04%
Other3147624.20%
Native1281612.50%

19.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.13%

Male Poverty Rate

20.80%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hilo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hilo is Hispanic, with 36.79% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hilo is Asian, with 7.06% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.65%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.89%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.19%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.47%
High School17.41%
Some College10.63%
Bachelors or Greater8.88%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed45.37%
Female Unemployed33.54%
Female Employed9.78%
Male Employed9.61%

Hilo Income

Hilo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,120$74,327
Families$74,271$86,980
Married Families$88,623-
Non Families$30,495$45,454

Hilo Marital Status

Hilo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.1%

Male Marriage Rate

40.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Hilo Married by Age and Sex

Hilo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Hilo Marital Status by Race

Hilo Veterans

3,223

Number of Veterans

3,119

Male Veterans

104

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,341
Second Gulf War562
Korea312
First Gulf War311
World War II238
Name Veterans % of Total
Asian1,2359.25%
2 or More8567.70%
White7099.16%
Hawaiian3319.46%
Hispanic1825.95%
Black7623.60%
Indian107.81%
Other61.82%

$Hilo Veterans by Education

7.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.08%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hilo Employment Status

57.2%

Labor Force Participation

53.6%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

Hilo Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

73.58%

Born in Hawaii

91.90%

Native Born

8.10%

Foreign Born

4.02%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.90% of Hilo residents were born in the United States, with 73.58% having been born in Hawaii. 4.02% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202046,2840.00%
201946,2840.00%
201846,2845811.27%
201745,7031240.27%
201645,5791990.44%
201545,3808311.87%
201444,549630.14%
201344,486-672-1.49%
201245,158-1,436-3.08%
201146,5943,3317.70%
201043,2632,5040.60%
200040,7592,9510.75%
199037,8082,5390.70%
198035,2698,9162.96%
197026,3533870.15%
196025,966-1,232-0.46%
195027,1983,8451.54%
194023,3533,8851.84%
193019,4689,0376.44%
192010,4313,6864.46%
19106,7452,2451.02%
18704,5000.00%