Honolulu, Hawaii Population 2020

342,933

Honolulu is a city located in Honolulu County, Hawaii. With a 2020 population of 342,933, it is the largest city in Hawaii and the 56th largest city in the United States. Honolulu is currently declining at a rate of -0.65% annually but its population has increased by 1.68% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 337,256 in 2010. Honolulu reached it's highest population of 371,657 in 2000. Spanning over 68 miles, Honolulu has a population density of 5,664 people per square mile.

The average household income in Honolulu is $93,502 with a poverty rate of 11.26%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,465 per month, and the median house value is $652,200. The median age in Honolulu is 41.5 years, 39.7 years for males, and 43.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males.

Honolulu is located on the island of Oahu and is a significant gateway both to Hawaii and the United States, as well as a major tourist destination. Honolulu is the westernmost and southernmost major U.S. city.

Honolulu is a major hub for military defense, international business, and travel. It is also the only Hawaiian city with a population greater than 50,000. At the last census in 2010, Honolulu's population was 390,700, which is believed to have grown to 402,500. This makes Honolulu the 46th most populous city in the United States, with a metropolitan area boasting a population of 955,000.

Honolulu Diversity

Asian Americans are the majority in Honolulu. The largest ethnic groups include Japanese (20%), Filipinos (13%), Chinese (10%), Koreans (4%), Vietnamese (2%) and Asian Indians (0.3%). Those of just Native Hawaiian ancestry is just 3.2% of the population today. Samoan Americans account for 1.5% of Honolulu's population, Marshallese people account for 0.5%, and Tongan people make up 0.3% of the population. Hawaii is the only U.S. state with an Asian majority.

Honolulu Population Growth

According to the last census, the population of the island of Oahu, on which Honolulu is located, grew 8.8% from 2000 to 2010. By 2030, the state as a whole is projected to have a population of 1.47 million, up more than 9% from the 2010 population of 1.34 million.

Honolulu itself is growing more slowly. After double-digit growth from 1900 to 1980, the city posted flat growth in 1990. Since then, growth has been much slower for several reasons. Among them, it is one of the most expensive rental markets in the United States. Honolulu's population is expected to continue its modest growth that lags behind the other Hawaiian Islands.

Honolulu was first inhabited by original Polynesian migrants, who lived in the area as far back as the 11th century. When Kamehameha I conquered Oahu, the royal court was moved from Hawaii to the island of Waikiki in 1804 and was moved again in 1809 to what is now Honolulu. The capital was moved again just three years later to Kailua-Kona.

The first foreigner to reach Honolulu Harbor was Captain William Brown of Great Britain in 1794, with many more ships following to create a focal area for merchant ships sailing between Asia and North America.

Kamehameha III moved the capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom again in 1845 from Lahaina to Honolulu. The area transformed into a modern metropolis, and it became the commerce center for all of the islands.

Through the end of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, Honolulu had a turbulent history, including the overthrowing of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893 and annexation by the U.S. in 1898. In 1941, the Pearl Harbor, near Honolulu, was attacked by the Japanese, which gained the city historical recognition. Despite this, Honolulu remains the largest city of Hawaii and the main airport and seaport.

Today, more than 7.6 million people visit the Hawaiian Islands, with most entering through the Honolulu International Airport.

Honolulu Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Honolulu was:

  • Asian: 53.26%
  • Two or more races: 18.16%
  • White: 17.53%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 8.15%
  • Black or African American: 1.88%
  • Other race: 0.91%
  • Native American: 0.12%
The current population of Honolulu, Hawaii is 342,933, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 347,397. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 337,256.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020967,382-6,349-0.66%
2019973,731-6,349-0.65%
2018980,080-6,349-0.65%
2017986,429-6,263-0.63%
2016992,6921,3530.14%
2015991,3393,6900.37%
2014987,6491,4270.14%
2013986,2228,1490.83%
2012978,07310,7861.10%
2011967,28710,9911.14%
2010956,2960.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Asian186,40053.26%
Two or More Races63,55518.16%
White61,33917.53%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander28,5388.15%
Black or African American6,5661.88%
Some Other Race3,1850.91%
American Indian and Alaska Native4200.12%

Honolulu Population Pyramid 2020

Honolulu Median Age

41.5


Total

39.7


Male

43.6


Female

Honolulu Adults

There are 290,256 adults, (68,974 of whom are seniors) in Honolulu.

Honolulu Age Dependency

58.2

Age Dependency Ratio

31.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27

Child Dependency Ratio

Honolulu Sex Ratio

Female

175,778

50.22%

Male

174,225

49.78%

Honolulu Households and Families

Honolulu Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Honolulu Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married52.7%47.3%
Female45.1%54.9%
All44.4%55.6%
Male42.7%57.3%
Non Family35.8%64.2%

44.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All128,8142.6144.4
Married55,0513.4852.7
Non Family52,5701.2935.8
Female15,0433.745.1
Male6,1503.5542.7

3.38

Average Family Size

2.61

Average Household Size

5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Honolulu Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade14,9235.75%
9th to 12th Grade14,1725.46%
High School Graduate62,46224.05%
Some College47,44418.27%
Associates Degree26,22110.10%
Bachelors Degree60,36623.24%
Graduate Degree34,11713.14%

Honolulu Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian150,350128,06453,995
White43,80742,74723,475
Multiple Races35,35033,06110,621
Islander18,73315,8112,759
Hispanic14,48813,1193,966
Black4,8624,7191,173
Other Race2,4532,248910
Native American343293137

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.58%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 53.59%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,909$44,957$36,192
Less Than High School$25,491$27,327$21,897
High School Grad$31,010$34,931$26,690
Some College$38,351$42,349$33,157
Bachelors Degree$50,386$56,829$43,744
Graduate Degree$68,493$78,273$60,243

$40,909

Average Earnings

$44,957

Average Male

$36,192

Average Female

Honolulu Language

Honolulu Language by Age

Honolulu Language

63.23% of Honolulu residents speak only English, while 36.77% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 33.72% of the population.

Honolulu Poverty

Honolulu Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian182,40916,6319.12%
Islander27,4597,83128.52%
Multiple60,8966,40310.51%
White52,8985,42310.25%
Hispanic24,2863,26513.44%
Black6,32065810.41%
Other3,05432510.64%
Native3727018.82%

11.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.93%

Male Poverty Rate

12.57%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Honolulu

The race most likely to be in poverty in Honolulu is Islander, with 28.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Honolulu is Asian, with 9.12% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.81%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.37%
High School13.98%
Some College8.81%
Bachelors or Greater5.25%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed23.43%
Female Unemployed22.71%
Female Employed6.38%
Male Employed4.72%

Honolulu Income

Honolulu Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$68,873$93,502
Families$85,776$112,486
Married Families$96,683$125,250
Non Families$43,132$60,367

Honolulu Marital Status

Honolulu Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.1%

Male Marriage Rate

45.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Honolulu Married by Age and Sex

Honolulu Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Honolulu Marital Status by Race

Honolulu Veterans

22,874

Number of Veterans

20,547

Male Veterans

2,327

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War7,125
Vietnam6,470
First Gulf War4,413
Korea2,062
World War II1,585
Age Group Veterans
75+6,156
65 to 745,053
35 to 544,936
18 to 343,797
55 to 642,932
Name Veterans % of Total
Asian9,0675.57%
White8,13116.16%
2 or More2,6336.25%
Black1,46732.98%
Hispanic1,4038.16%
Hawaiian1,1015.13%
Other46618.17%
Indian92.79%

$Honolulu Veterans by Education

6.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.57%

Veteran Disability Rate

Honolulu Employment Status

64.7%

Labor Force Participation

60.2%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Honolulu Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.12%

Born in Hawaii

73.07%

Native Born

26.93%

Foreign Born

12.10%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.07% of Honolulu residents were born in the United States, with 49.12% having been born in Hawaii. 12.10% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020342,933-2,232-0.65%
2019345,165-2,232-0.64%
2018347,397-2,254-0.64%
2017349,651-2,232-0.63%
2016351,8831990.06%
2015351,6842,0570.59%
2014349,6273520.10%
2013349,2752,4070.69%
2012346,8683,8281.12%
2011343,0403,8971.15%
2010339,143-32,514-0.91%
2000371,6576,3850.17%
1990365,2722240.01%
1980365,04840,1771.17%
1970324,87130,6771.00%
1960294,19446,1601.72%
1950248,03468,7083.30%
1940179,32641,7442.69%
1930137,58254,2555.14%
192083,32731,1444.79%
191052,18312,8772.87%
190039,30616,4065.55%
189022,9005,9003.02%
188017,0003,0001.96%
187014,0000.00%