Honolulu is a city located in Honolulu County, Hawaii. With a 2020 population of 342,933, it is the largest city in Hawaii and the 56th largest city in the United States. Honolulu is currently declining at a rate of -0.65% annually but its population has increased by 1.68% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 337,256 in 2010. Honolulu reached it's highest population of 371,657 in 2000. Spanning over 68 miles, Honolulu has a population density of 5,664 people per square mile.
The average household income in Honolulu is $93,502 with a poverty rate of 11.26%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,465 per month, and the median house value is $652,200. The median age in Honolulu is 41.5 years, 39.7 years for males, and 43.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males.
Honolulu is located on the island of Oahu and is a significant gateway both to Hawaii and the United States, as well as a major tourist destination. Honolulu is the westernmost and southernmost major U.S. city.
Honolulu is a major hub for military defense, international business, and travel. It is also the only Hawaiian city with a population greater than 50,000. At the last census in 2010, Honolulu's population was 390,700, which is believed to have grown to 402,500. This makes Honolulu the 46th most populous city in the United States, with a metropolitan area boasting a population of 955,000.
Asian Americans are the majority in Honolulu. The largest ethnic groups include Japanese (20%), Filipinos (13%), Chinese (10%), Koreans (4%), Vietnamese (2%) and Asian Indians (0.3%). Those of just Native Hawaiian ancestry is just 3.2% of the population today. Samoan Americans account for 1.5% of Honolulu's population, Marshallese people account for 0.5%, and Tongan people make up 0.3% of the population. Hawaii is the only U.S. state with an Asian majority.
Honolulu Population Growth
According to the last census, the population of the island of Oahu, on which Honolulu is located, grew 8.8% from 2000 to 2010. By 2030, the state as a whole is projected to have a population of 1.47 million, up more than 9% from the 2010 population of 1.34 million.
Honolulu itself is growing more slowly. After double-digit growth from 1900 to 1980, the city posted flat growth in 1990. Since then, growth has been much slower for several reasons. Among them, it is one of the most expensive rental markets in the United States. Honolulu's population is expected to continue its modest growth that lags behind the other Hawaiian Islands.
Honolulu was first inhabited by original Polynesian migrants, who lived in the area as far back as the 11th century. When Kamehameha I conquered Oahu, the royal court was moved from Hawaii to the island of Waikiki in 1804 and was moved again in 1809 to what is now Honolulu. The capital was moved again just three years later to Kailua-Kona.
The first foreigner to reach Honolulu Harbor was Captain William Brown of Great Britain in 1794, with many more ships following to create a focal area for merchant ships sailing between Asia and North America.
Kamehameha III moved the capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom again in 1845 from Lahaina to Honolulu. The area transformed into a modern metropolis, and it became the commerce center for all of the islands.
Through the end of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, Honolulu had a turbulent history, including the overthrowing of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893 and annexation by the U.S. in 1898. In 1941, the Pearl Harbor, near Honolulu, was attacked by the Japanese, which gained the city historical recognition. Despite this, Honolulu remains the largest city of Hawaii and the main airport and seaport.
Today, more than 7.6 million people visit the Hawaiian Islands, with most entering through the Honolulu International Airport.