Jackson, Mississippi Population 2020

160,080
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Jackson is a city located in Mississippi. With a 2020 population of 160,080, it is the largest city in Mississippi and the 161st largest city in the United States. Jackson is currently declining at a rate of -1.34% annually and its population has decreased by -7.74% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 173,514 in 2010. Jackson reached it's highest population of 202,895 in 1980. Spanning over 113 miles, Jackson has a population density of 1,441 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jackson is $54,744 with a poverty rate of 26.90%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $824 per month, and the median house value is $90,800. The median age in Jackson is 32.4 years, 30.7 years for males, and 33.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 86.7 males.

Jackson has developed a reputation for its music, earning it the nickname “The City with Soul” because of the many musicians that were born there.

Population Growth in Jackson, Mississippi

During its earliest years, Jackson experienced significant population growth. At the time of the 1980 census, this number had risen to over 200,000. However, a period of decline followed, and each 10-year census following has posted a population loss. This loss has primarily been attributed to more people moving to suburban areas outside of the city limits. However, it has been predicted that this trend will change in the future and the population will grow once again as more people seek the attractions and amenities offered in the city.

Jackson Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jackson was:

  • Black or African American: 82.02%
  • White: 16.62%
  • Two or more races: 0.59%
  • Asian: 0.39%
  • Other race: 0.28%
  • Native American: 0.07%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Jackson, Mississippi is 160,080, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 164,422.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 173,514.

Jackson, Mississippi Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020577,394-1,386-0.24%
2019578,780-1,386-0.24%
2018580,166-1,386-0.24%
2017581,5523220.06%
2016581,2301,6350.28%
2015579,5957390.13%
2014578,8561,3340.23%
2013577,5228730.15%
2012576,6492,3770.41%
2011574,2725,4030.94%
2010568,8690.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American138,50182.02%
White28,06316.62%
Two or More Races9890.59%
Asian6640.39%
Some Other Race4700.28%
American Indian and Alaska Native1220.07%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander530.03%
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Jackson Population Pyramid 2020

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Jackson Median Age

32.4


Total

30.7


Male

33.6


Female

Jackson Adults

There are 125,734 adults, (19,726 of whom are seniors) in Jackson.

Jackson Age Dependency

59.3

Age Dependency Ratio

18.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Jackson Sex Ratio

Female

90,434

53.55%

Male

78,428

46.45%

Jackson Households and Families

Jackson Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jackson Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.8%28.2%
Male52.9%47.1%
All50.4%49.6%
Non Family42.2%57.8%
Female40.3%59.7%

50.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All62,1092.650.4
Non Family24,7851.2142.2
Married17,0503.3271.8
Female16,8813.7740.3
Male3,3933.3452.9

3.41

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Jackson Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,2814.08%
9th to 12th Grade10,83310.34%
High School Graduate26,71525.49%
Some College26,02524.83%
Associates Degree8,0957.72%
Bachelors Degree16,58815.83%
Graduate Degree12,27611.71%
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Jackson Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black82,75069,35317,218
White20,04718,88010,885
Hispanic1,059607241
Asian526485347
Multiple Races516426129
Other Race1849112
Native American1169937
Islander414139

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 95.12%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$28,059$31,016$26,008
Less Than High School$18,376$20,003$16,072
High School Grad$21,923$24,524$19,773
Some College$26,652$31,181$24,126
Bachelors Degree$37,858$45,513$32,700
Graduate Degree$51,284$64,484$44,028

$28,059

Average Earnings

$31,016

Average Male

$26,008

Average Female

Jackson Language

Jackson Language by Age

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Jackson Language

97.55% of Jackson residents speak only English, while 2.45% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.59% of the population.

Jackson Poverty

Jackson Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black133,26739,62829.74%
White25,3162,63510.41%
Hispanic2,06189443.38%
Other46439885.78%
Multiple94337139.34%
Asian6187211.65%
Native11686.90%

26.90%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.25%

Male Poverty Rate

29.20%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jackson

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jackson is Other, with 85.78% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jackson is Native, with 6.90% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.92%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.91%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.39%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.79%
High School23.92%
Some College18.24%
Bachelors or Greater7.34%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.98%
Male Unemployed38.54%
Female Employed14.83%
Male Employed8.31%

Jackson Income

Jackson Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,563$54,744
Families$46,495$65,698
Married Families$72,115$96,026
Non Families$25,711$35,523
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Jackson Marital Status

Jackson Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

28.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

31.9%

Male Marriage Rate

25.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Jackson Married by Age and Sex

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Jackson Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Jackson Marital Status by Race

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Jackson Veterans

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7,468

Number of Veterans

6,646

Male Veterans

822

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,512
First Gulf War1,495
Second Gulf War1,236
Korea744
World War II304
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,939
55 to 641,781
75+1,654
65 to 741,468
18 to 34626
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Name Veterans % of Total
Black5,6205.59%
White1,7697.52%
2 or More579.48%
Hispanic302.28%
Indian2016.39%
Hawaiian23.77%

Jackson Veterans by Education

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11.95%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jackson Employment Status

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62.2%

Labor Force Participation

54.9%

Employment Rate

11.8%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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83.35%

Born in Mississippi

98.68%

Native Born

1.32%

Foreign Born

0.87%

Non Citizen

0.45%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.68% of Jackson residents were born in the United States, with 83.35% having been born in Mississippi. 0.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020160,080-2,171-1.34%
2019162,251-2,171-1.32%
2018164,422-2,487-1.49%
2017166,909-2,171-1.28%
2016169,080-1,863-1.09%
2015170,943-1,087-0.63%
2014172,030-913-0.53%
2013172,943-1,902-1.09%
2012174,845-323-0.18%
2011175,1681,4300.82%
2010173,738-10,518-0.59%
2000184,256-12,381-0.65%
1990196,637-6,258-0.31%
1980202,89548,9272.80%
1970153,9689,5460.64%
1960144,42246,1513.93%
195098,27136,1644.70%
194062,10713,8252.55%
193048,28225,4657.78%
192022,8171,5550.71%
191021,26213,44610.53%
19007,8161,8962.82%
18905,9207161.30%
18805,2049702.08%
18704,2341,0432.87%
18603,1911,2915.32%
18501,9000.00%