Jackson, Mississippi Population 2021

154,340
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Jackson is a city located in Hinds County and Rankin County Mississippi. With a 2020 population of 154,340, it is the largest city in Mississippi and the 167th largest city in the United States . Jackson is currently declining at a rate of -2.00% annually and its population has decreased by -11.05% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 173,514 in 2010. Jackson reached it's highest population of 202,895 in 1980. Spanning over 113 miles, Jackson has a population density of 1,389 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jackson is $55,850 with a poverty rate of 25.42%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $847 per month, and the median house value is $90,700. The median age in Jackson is 33 years, 31.7 years for males, and 33.9 years for females.

Jackson has developed a reputation for its music, earning it the nickname “The City with Soul” because of the many musicians that were born there.

Population Growth in Jackson, Mississippi

During its earliest years, Jackson experienced significant population growth. At the time of the 1980 census, this number had risen to over 200,000. However, a period of decline followed, and each 10-year census following has posted a population loss. This loss has primarily been attributed to more people moving to suburban areas outside of the city limits. However, it has been predicted that this trend will change in the future and the population will grow once again as more people seek the attractions and amenities offered in the city.

Jackson Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jackson was:

  • Black or African American: 82.18%
  • White: 16.54%
  • Two or more races: 0.52%
  • Asian: 0.32%
  • Other race: 0.29%
  • Native American: 0.10%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Jackson, Mississippi is 154,340 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 163,772.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 173,514.

Jackson, Mississippi Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021589,666-2,570-0.44%
2020592,236-2,570-0.43%
2019594,806-2,570-0.43%
2018597,376-1,982-0.33%
2017599,3581880.03%
2016599,1701,2420.21%
2015597,9285710.10%
2014597,3571,0320.17%
2013596,3257400.12%
2012595,5852,1760.37%
2011593,4095,1370.87%
2010588,2720.00%

Jackson Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American136,72882.18%
White27,52016.54%
Two or More Races8710.52%
Asian5350.32%
Some Other Race4870.29%
American Indian and Alaska Native1680.10%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander740.04%
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Jackson Population by Race

Jackson Population Pyramid $2021

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Jackson Median Age

33


Total

31.7


Male

33.9


Female

Jackson Adults

There are 124,643 adults, (20,590 of whom are seniors) in Jackson.

Jackson Age Dependency

59.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Jackson Sex Ratio

Female

89,741

53.94%

Male

76,642

46.06%

Jackson Population by Age

Jackson Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jackson Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.5%28.5%
Male53.4%46.6%
All50%50%
Non Family41.3%58.7%
Female40.2%59.8%

50.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jackson Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All62,1082.5650
Non Family25,8001.2341.3
Married17,2123.3971.5
Female16,1003.740.2
Male2,9963.2553.4

3.4

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

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Jackson Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,2064.02%
9th to 12th Grade10,0249.58%
High School Graduate27,44726.24%
Some College26,27925.13%
Associates Degree8,1567.80%
Bachelors Degree16,58315.86%
Graduate Degree11,89211.37%
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Jackson Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jackson Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black82,75070,13416,814
White19,92018,82310,939
Hispanic1,027664282
2+ Races540431138
Asian385329231
Other Race25212263
Native American967427
Islander585855

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 94.83%.

Jackson Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,128$31,545$26,366
Less Than 9th Grade$18,315$20,428$14,931
High School Graduate$23,699$26,687$20,695
Some College$26,644$31,737$23,874
Bachelors Degree$38,566$46,352$33,750
Graduate Degree$50,754$63,957$44,846

$29,128

Average Earnings

$31,545

Average Male

$26,366

Average Female

Jackson Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jackson Language by Age

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Jackson Language

97.68% of Jackson residents speak only English, while 2.32% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.51% of the population.

Jackson Language

Jackson Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black131,48736,66927.89%
White24,4952,56710.48%
Hispanic2,25788038.99%
Multiple83034641.69%
Other47731566.04%
Native1608351.88%
Asian473316.55%

25.42%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.02%

Male Poverty Rate

27.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jackson

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jackson is Other, with 66.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jackson is Asian, with 6.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.49%.

Jackson Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade36.60%
High School22.67%
Some College17.99%
Bachelors or Greater6.69%

Jackson Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed49.28%
Male Unemployed37.02%
Female Employed13.64%
Male Employed7.82%

Jackson Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jackson Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$38,888$55,850
Families$48,868$67,227
Married Families$73,196$96,249
Non Families$26,418$37,240
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Income by Household Type

Jackson Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

29.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.6%

Male Marriage Rate

26.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Jackson Married by Age and Sex

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Jackson Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Jackson Marital Status by Race

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Jackson Marital Status

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7,091

Number of Veterans

6,252

Male Veterans

839

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,434
First Gulf War1,458
Second Gulf War1,203
Korea526
World War II253

Jackson Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,880
55 to 641,663
65 to 741,496
75+1,489
18 to 34563

Jackson Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black5,5215.54%
White1,5086.48%
2+ Races558.80%
Hispanic271.95%
Native American43.85%
Islander34.05%

Jackson Veterans by Race

Jackson Veterans by Education

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10.73%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.94%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jackson Veterans by Education

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62.5%

Labor Force Participation

55.4%

Employment Rate

11.3%

Unemployment Rate

Jackson Employment by Age

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Jackson Employment by Race

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Jackson Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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83.60%

Born in Jackson

98.78%

Native Born

1.22%

Foreign Born

0.81%

Non Citizen

0.40%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.78% of Jackson residents were born in the United States, with 83.60% having been born in Mississippi. 0.81% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Jackson Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021154,340-3,144-2.00%
2020157,484-3,144-1.96%
2019160,628-3,144-1.92%
2018163,772-3,051-1.83%
2017166,823-2,199-1.30%
2016169,022-1,879-1.10%
2015170,901-1,113-0.65%
2014172,014-913-0.53%
2013172,927-1,895-1.08%
2012174,822-327-0.19%
2011175,1491,4510.84%
2010173,698-10,558-0.59%
2000184,256-12,381-0.65%
1990196,637-6,258-0.31%
1980202,89548,9272.80%
1970153,9689,5460.64%
1960144,42246,1513.93%
195098,27136,1644.70%
194062,10713,8252.55%
193048,28225,4657.78%
192022,8171,5550.71%
191021,26213,44610.53%
19007,8161,8962.82%
18905,9207161.30%
18805,2049702.08%
18704,2341,0432.87%
18603,1911,2915.32%
18501,9000.00%

Jackson Population by Year