Madison, New Jersey Population 2021

19,986
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Madison is a city located in Morris County New Jersey. With a 2020 population of 19,986, it is the 47th largest city in New Jersey and the 1858th largest city in the United States . Madison is currently growing at a rate of 6.20% annually and its population has increased by 26.13% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 15,845 in 2010. Madison reached it's highest population of 19,986 in 2021. Spanning over 4 miles, Madison has a population density of 4,634 people per square mile.

The average household income in Madison is $210,854 with a poverty rate of 5.07%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,807 per month, and the median house value is $724,700. The median age in Madison is 40.4 years, 38.7 years for males, and 41.3 years for females.

Madison Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Madison was:

  • White: 86.12%
  • Asian: 6.62%
  • Black or African American: 4.21%
  • Two or more races: 2.66%
  • Other race: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
  • Native American: 0.02%
The current population of Madison, New Jersey is 19,986 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 16,488.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 15,845.

Madison, New Jersey Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White14,10486.12%
Asian1,0846.62%
Black or African American6894.21%
Two or More Races4352.66%
Some Other Race520.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander90.05%
American Indian and Alaska Native40.02%
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Madison Population by Race

Madison Population Pyramid $2021

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Madison Median Age

40.4


Total

38.7


Male

41.3


Female

Madison Adults

There are 12,677 adults, (2,337 of whom are seniors) in Madison.

Madison Age Dependency

58.4

Age Dependency Ratio

22.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Madison Sex Ratio

Female

8,462

51.67%

Male

7,915

48.33%

Madison Population by Age

Madison Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Madison Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.1%17.9%
Female77.1%22.9%
Male71.4%28.6%
All67.6%32.4%
Non Family38.3%61.7%

67.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Madison Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All5,5792.6967.6
Married3,1693.3882.1
Non Family1,7521.2738.3
Female4453.177.1
Male2133.1171.4

3.28

Average Family Size

2.69

Average Household Size

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Madison Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2172.05%
9th to 12th Grade2732.58%
High School Graduate1,34912.73%
Some College1,0299.71%
Associates Degree6135.78%
Bachelors Degree3,68934.81%
Graduate Degree3,42732.34%
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Madison Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White8,5338,3155,968
Hispanic1,003756352
Asian649633558
Black394385212
2+ Races747457
Other Race474734
Islander999

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$80,257$109,602$55,670
Less Than 9th Grade$39,453$42,426$16,023
High School Graduate$28,929$50,625$18,016
Some College$51,619$64,798$48,304
Bachelors Degree$99,464$154,803$72,296
Graduate Degree$107,054$131,932$71,771

$80,257

Average Earnings

$109,602

Average Male

$55,670

Average Female

Madison Earnings by Educational Attainment

Madison Language by Age

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Madison Language

80.20% of Madison residents speak only English, while 19.80% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.49% of the population.

Madison Language

Madison Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White11,9364143.47%
Hispanic1,35316712.34%
Asian9469910.47%
Multiple3706317.03%
Black532193.57%

5.07%

Overall Poverty Rate

3.14%

Male Poverty Rate

6.91%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Madison

The race most likely to be in poverty in Madison is Multiple, with 17.03% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Madison is White, with 3.47% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 10.67%.

Madison Poverty

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Name Poverty
High School14.02%
Less Than 9th Grade11.62%
Some College7.42%
Bachelors or Greater2.67%

Madison Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed31.55%
Male Unemployed8.53%
Female Employed6.44%
Male Employed0.60%

Madison Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Madison Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$146,157$210,854
Families$185,156$258,848
Married Families$222,773-
Non Families$64,024$98,301
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Income by Household Type

Madison Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

51.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

54.7%

Male Marriage Rate

49.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Madison Married by Age and Sex

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Madison Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Madison Marital Status by Race

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Madison Marital Status

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477

Number of Veterans

448

Male Veterans

29

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam166
First Gulf War83
Korea70
Second Gulf War57
World War II49

Madison Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+209
55 to 6496
35 to 5486
65 to 7470
18 to 3416

Madison Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4073.67%
Black6111.17%
Hispanic302.34%
2+ Races94.89%

Madison Veterans by Race

Madison Veterans by Education

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3.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

35.08%

Veteran Disability Rate

Madison Veterans by Education

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67.1%

Labor Force Participation

64.5%

Employment Rate

3.9%

Unemployment Rate

Madison Employment by Age

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Madison Employment by Race

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Madison Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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49.97%

Born in Madison

84.14%

Native Born

15.86%

Foreign Born

7.35%

Non Citizen

8.51%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

84.14% of Madison residents were born in the United States, with 49.97% having been born in New Jersey. 7.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Madison Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202119,9861,1666.20%
202018,8201,1666.60%
201917,6541,1667.07%
201816,4886203.91%
201715,868-67-0.42%
201615,935-29-0.18%
201515,96410.01%
201415,963-149-0.92%
201316,1121110.69%
201216,001590.37%
201115,942920.58%
201015,850-680-0.42%
200016,5306800.42%
199015,8504930.32%
198015,357-1,353-0.84%
197016,7101,5881.00%
196015,1224,7053.80%
195010,4172,4732.75%
19407,9444630.60%
19307,4811,9583.08%
19205,5238651.72%
19104,6589042.18%
19003,7540.00%

Madison Population by Year