Madison, Wisconsin Population 2021

263,332
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Madison is a city located in Wisconsin. With a 2020 population of 263,332, it is the 2nd largest city in Wisconsin (after Milwaukee) and the 85th largest city in the United States. Madison is currently growing at a rate of 0.70% annually and its population has increased by 12.92% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 233,209 in 2010. Madison reached it's highest population of 263,332 in 2021. Spanning over 101 miles, Madison has a population density of 3,319 people per square mile.

The average household income in Madison is $87,055 with a poverty rate of 16.88%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,118 per month, and the median house value is $246,300. The median age in Madison is 31 years, 30.4 years for males, and 31.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 98.0 males.

Madison is the capital of the state of Wisconsin and the county seat of Dane County in the southern part of the state, about 122 miles northwest of Chicago, Illinois and 77 miles west of Milwaukee. Madison is the second-largest city in Wisconsin and the 83rd largest in the United States.

The Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area, including Dane, Iowa, and Columbia counties, has a population estimated at 578,000, the 86th largest metro area in the United States.

Madison Religion

Madison is home to the third-largest congregation of Unitarian Universalists in the country, and the First Unitarian Society of Madison has its home in the Unitarian Meeting House, which was designed by world-famous architect and member, Frank Lloyd Wright. There are many Christian denominations present in the city, along with Buddhism, Hinduism and more. Long known as a center for non-theists, Madison is also home to the Freedom From Religion Foundation.

Madison Population Growth

Madison is the fastest-growing municipality in Wisconsin, with a population growth rate of almost 3% in 2011 and 2012. Madison has a high quality of life, which has helped its population grow nearly 11% from 2000 to 2008. By 2030, Madison is projected to have a population of 270,000.

Madison Facts

Madison's history dates back to 1829 when former federal judge James Doty bought more than one thousand acres of forest and swamp land on the isthmus between Lakes Monona and Mendota. He intended to build a city. When the Wisconsin Territory was created seven years later, the legislature was tasked with choosing a permanent location for the capital. Doty lobbied for Madison as the new capital and offered buffalo robes to the cold legislators and promised the best lots in the city at a discount to undecided voters. The city -- which only existed on paper at this point -- was named the capital of the territory.

Madison was incorporated as a village in 1846 with a population of just over 600. When Wisconsin became a state two years later, Madison remained the capital, and it then became the site of the University of Wisconsin. It was incorporated as a city in 1856 with a population of nearly 6,700.

Madison served as the center for the Union Army in Wisconsin during the Civil War, and it was the last stop for soldiers heading to fight the Confederates. Camp Randall in Madison was used as a prison camp, military hospital and training camp, and it was absorbed into the University of Wisconsin and Camp Randall Stadium in 1917.

Madison Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Madison was:

  • White: 78.59%
  • Asian: 8.95%
  • Black or African American: 7.01%
  • Two or more races: 3.55%
  • Other race: 1.40%
  • Native American: 0.45%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Madison, Wisconsin is 263,332, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 257,854.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 233,209.

Madison, Wisconsin Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021674,7414,9380.73%
2020669,8034,9380.74%
2019664,8654,9380.74%
2018659,9274,6770.71%
2017655,2506,8621.05%
2016648,3888,1901.26%
2015640,1986,8291.07%
2014633,3696,5361.03%
2013626,8337,1141.13%
2012619,7196,5601.06%
2011613,1596,5341.07%
2010606,6250.00%

Madison Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White200,38478.59%
Asian22,8238.95%
Black or African American17,8747.01%
Two or More Races9,0453.55%
Some Other Race3,5601.40%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1550.45%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1360.05%
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Madison Population by Race

Madison Population Pyramid 2021

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Madison Median Age

31


Total

30.4


Male

31.6


Female

Madison Adults

There are 213,534 adults, (29,597 of whom are seniors) in Madison.

Madison Age Dependency

38.6

Age Dependency Ratio

16.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

22.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Madison Sex Ratio

Female

128,787

50.51%

Male

126,190

49.49%

Madison Population by Age

Madison Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Madison Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.3%22.7%
All47%53%
Male38.8%61.2%
Female35.6%64.4%
Non Family29.4%70.6%

47.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Madison Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All110,2942.2147
Non Family59,4511.5629.4
Married38,7702.9577.3
Female8,5383.0135.6
Male3,5352.9638.8

2.87

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

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Madison Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,0991.95%
9th to 12th Grade4,1242.59%
High School Graduate22,69314.25%
Some College24,40115.32%
Associates Degree12,7948.03%
Bachelors Degree51,11232.09%
Graduate Degree41,06325.78%
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Madison Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White124,330121,46375,731
Asian12,47111,5328,947
Black9,8538,6332,241
Hispanic8,8076,8063,010
Multiple Races3,4423,2682,306
Other Race2,0001,385511
Native American786719154
Islander948424

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.69%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 71.74%.

Madison Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,650$50,668$41,151
Less Than High School$24,549$26,236$21,983
High School Grad$31,613$33,954$28,802
Some College$36,579$40,473$33,185
Bachelors Degree$52,143$60,089$45,458
Graduate Degree$63,163$70,706$58,058

$45,650

Average Earnings

$50,668

Average Male

$41,151

Average Female

Madison Earnings by Educational Attainment

Madison Language by Age

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Madison Language

85.40% of Madison residents speak only English, while 14.60% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.16% of the population.

Madison Language

Madison Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White179,26426,47614.77%
Asian21,6795,17623.88%
Black17,1984,47626.03%
Hispanic17,1533,70521.60%
Multiple8,5611,43116.72%
Other3,39946013.53%
Native1,13027324.16%
Islander136139.56%

16.88%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.40%

Male Poverty Rate

17.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Madison

The race most likely to be in poverty in Madison is Black, with 26.03% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Madison is Islander, with 9.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.92%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.57%.

Madison Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.85%
High School13.62%
Some College10.45%
Bachelors or Greater4.66%

Madison Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.39%
Male Unemployed35.53%
Female Employed14.87%
Male Employed11.23%

Madison Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Madison Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$65,332$87,055
Families$93,427$116,395
Married Families$109,061$134,900
Non Families$45,499$59,757
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Income by Household Type

Madison Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

37.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.8%

Male Marriage Rate

36.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Madison Married by Age and Sex

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Madison Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Madison Marital Status by Race

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Madison Marital Status

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9,524

Number of Veterans

8,631

Male Veterans

893

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,438
Second Gulf War2,131
First Gulf War1,505
Korea663
World War II561

Madison Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+2,438
65 to 742,247
35 to 541,832
55 to 641,628
18 to 341,379

Madison Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,6284.99%
Black5994.62%
Hispanic2061.71%
Asian1500.80%
2 or More681.32%
Other401.66%
Indian394.08%

Madison Veterans by Race

Madison Veterans by Education

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8.46%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.92%

Veteran Disability Rate

Madison Veterans by Education

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72.3%

Labor Force Participation

70%

Employment Rate

3.1%

Unemployment Rate

Madison Employment by Age

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Madison Employment by Race

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Madison Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.80%

Born in Wisconsin

87.87%

Native Born

12.13%

Foreign Born

7.50%

Non Citizen

4.63%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

87.87% of Madison residents were born in the United States, with 52.80% having been born in Wisconsin. 7.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Madison Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021263,3321,8260.70%
2020261,5061,8260.70%
2019259,6801,8260.71%
2018257,8542,0680.81%
2017255,7863,1091.23%
2016252,6773,8891.56%
2015248,7882,9401.20%
2014245,8482,6151.08%
2013243,2333,3531.40%
2012239,8802,9721.25%
2011236,9083,1781.36%
2010233,73025,6761.17%
2000208,05416,7920.85%
1990191,26220,6461.15%
1980170,616-1,193-0.07%
1970171,80945,1033.09%
1960126,70630,6502.81%
195096,05628,6093.60%
194067,4479,5481.54%
193057,89919,5214.20%
192038,37812,8474.16%
191025,5316,3672.91%
190019,1645,7383.62%
189013,4263,1022.66%
188010,3241,1481.19%
18709,1762,5653.33%
18606,611110.02%
18506,6005,10015.97%
18401,5000.00%

Madison Population by Year