McAllen is a city located in Hidalgo County Texas. With a 2020 population of 144,676, it is the 23rd largest city in Texas and the 200th largest city in the United States. McAllen is currently growing at a rate of 0.86% annually and its population has increased by 1.49% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 142,557 in 2020. Spanning over 66 miles, McAllen has a population density of 2,202 people per square mile.
The average household income in McAllen is $69,053 with a poverty rate of 22.01%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $829 per month, and the median house value is $131,500. The median age in McAllen is 33.4 years, 30.9 years for males, and 36.1 years for females.
McAllen is within 80 miles of the Gulf of Mexico, and the city limits reach to the Rio Grande at the city of Reynosa, Mexico. The city’s population makes it the 22nd most populous in Texas.
Unemployment and Poverty in McAllen
More than one-quarter of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The city has struggled with high unemployment rates in recent years, but that number continues to drop. However, McAllen is still considered one of the poorest cities in the United States, and because of this, the cost of living is over 16% less than the national average.
Population Growth in McAllen, TX
Despite these struggles, however, the city’s population only continues to grow. A population of 150 in 1910 exploded to over 5,000 in 1920. By 1940, this figure had more than doubled. In 2000, the city’s population surpassed 100,000 and has only continued to grow larger. Recent estimates show that the population is up 9.5% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city is continuing to experience rapid growth that is showing no signs of slowing down.