McAllen, Texas Population 2020

144,279

McAllen is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 144,279, it is the 22nd largest city in Texas and the 183rd largest city in the United States. McAllen is currently growing at a rate of 0.29% annually and its population has increased by 11.09% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 129,877 in 2010. Spanning over 66 miles, McAllen has a population density of 2,196 people per square mile.

The average household income in McAllen is $67,611 with a poverty rate of 24.86%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $767 per month, and the median house value is $123,900. The median age in McAllen is 32.9 years, 30.7 years for males, and 35.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.4 males.

McAllen is within 80 miles of the Gulf of Mexico, and the city limits reach to the Rio Grande at the city of Reynosa, Mexico. The city’s population makes it the 22nd most populous in Texas.

Unemployment and Poverty in McAllen

More than one-quarter of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The city has struggled with high unemployment rates in recent years, but that number continues to drop. However, McAllen is still considered one of the poorest cities in the United States, and because of this, the cost of living is over 16% less than the national average.

Population Growth in McAllen, TX

Despite these struggles, however, the city’s population only continues to grow. A population of 150 in 1910 exploded to over 5,000 in 1920. By 1940, this figure had more than doubled. In 2000, the city’s population surpassed 100,000 and has only continued to grow larger. Recent estimates show that the population is up 9.5% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city is continuing to experience rapid growth that is showing no signs of slowing down.

McAllen Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of McAllen was:

  • White: 78.38%
  • Other race: 16.57%
  • Asian: 2.58%
  • Black or African American: 1.08%
  • Two or more races: 1.03%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%
The current population of McAllen, Texas is 144,279, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 143,433.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 129,877.

McAllen, Texas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020881,1717,6160.86%
2019873,5557,6160.87%
2018865,9397,6160.88%
2017858,3237,5250.88%
2016850,7989,7371.14%
2015841,06110,2371.22%
2014830,82411,4501.38%
2013819,37410,5391.29%
2012808,83513,0941.62%
2011795,74116,5282.08%
2010779,2130.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White110,98078.38%
Some Other Race23,46516.57%
Asian3,6502.58%
Black or African American1,5271.08%
Two or More Races1,4641.03%
American Indian and Alaska Native3650.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1460.10%

McAllen Population Pyramid 2020

McAllen Median Age

32.9


Total

30.7


Male

35.4


Female

McAllen Adults

There are 100,562 adults, (18,152 of whom are seniors) in McAllen.

McAllen Age Dependency

71.8

Age Dependency Ratio

22

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49.8

Child Dependency Ratio

McAllen Sex Ratio

Female

72,081

50.91%

Male

69,516

49.09%

McAllen Households and Families

McAllen Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

McAllen Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.2%27.8%
All60.3%39.7%
Female51.2%48.8%
Male47.8%52.2%
Non Family45.8%54.2%

60.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All45,0653.1260.3
Married22,7033.7572.2
Non Family10,7351.2645.8
Female9,0393.6451.2
Male2,5883.4547.8

3.65

Average Family Size

3.12

Average Household Size

3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

McAllen Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,03215.00%
9th to 12th Grade8,4709.75%
High School Graduate16,56319.06%
Some College16,66019.18%
Associates Degree5,7656.64%
Bachelors Degree18,25521.01%
Graduate Degree8,1379.37%

McAllen Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic72,15751,42619,086
Other Race13,3807,9442,877
White11,27110,7415,544
Asian2,4812,2881,430
Black794711174
Multiple Races562498227
Native American29924048
Islander817864

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.30%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 79.01%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,722$37,415$24,719
Less Than High School$14,711$17,987$11,300
High School Grad$23,340$26,613$19,270
Some College$30,461$35,795$24,314
Bachelors Degree$47,170$51,748$42,630
Graduate Degree$63,221$69,590$57,328

$30,722

Average Earnings

$37,415

Average Male

$24,719

Average Female

McAllen Language

McAllen Language by Age

McAllen Language

23.21% of McAllen residents speak only English, while 76.79% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 74.33% of the population.

McAllen Poverty

McAllen Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic119,73333,26527.78%
Other23,1008,69437.64%
White15,1381,2668.36%
Multiple1,45429320.15%
Asian3,6502005.48%
Black1,523734.79%
Native3654712.88%
Islander1463121.23%

24.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.21%

Male Poverty Rate

27.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in McAllen

The race most likely to be in poverty in McAllen is Other, with 37.64% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in McAllen is Black, with 4.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 8.01%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.39%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.53%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.47%
High School19.28%
Some College18.36%
Bachelors or Greater6.86%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.96%
Male Unemployed30.07%
Female Employed14.61%
Male Employed12.25%

McAllen Income

McAllen Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,279$67,611
Families$52,690$73,581
Married Families$68,485$89,199
Non Families$31,765$46,336

McAllen Marital Status

McAllen Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.5%

Male Marriage Rate

45.5%

Female Marriage Rate

McAllen Married by Age and Sex

McAllen Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

McAllen Marital Status by Race

McAllen Veterans

4,076

Number of Veterans

3,974

Male Veterans

102

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,398
First Gulf War865
Second Gulf War740
Korea418
World War II104
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,135
65 to 741,091
75+981
55 to 64518
18 to 34351
Name Veterans % of Total
White3,8504.85%
Hispanic2,3662.80%
Other710.44%
Black636.83%
2 or More497.37%
Asian351.23%
Indian82.52%

$McAllen Veterans by Education

8.10%

Veteran Poverty Rate

37.48%

Veteran Disability Rate

McAllen Employment Status

61.5%

Labor Force Participation

57%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

McAllen Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

61.13%

Born in Texas

73.01%

Native Born

26.99%

Foreign Born

16.75%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.01% of McAllen residents were born in the United States, with 61.13% having been born in Texas. 16.75% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020144,2794230.29%
2019143,8564230.29%
2018143,4335920.41%
2017142,8414230.30%
2016142,4182,0951.49%
2015140,3231,2960.93%
2014139,0271,3781.00%
2013137,6491,2150.89%
2012136,4341,7171.27%
2011134,7172,5941.96%
2010132,12325,7092.19%
2000106,41422,3932.39%
199084,02117,7402.40%
198066,28128,6455.82%
197037,6364,9081.41%
196032,72812,6615.01%
195020,0678,1905.38%
194011,8772,8032.73%
19309,0743,7435.46%
19205,3310.00%