Merced, California Population 2021

84,802
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Merced is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 84,802, it is the 101st largest city in California and the 410th largest city in the United States. Merced is currently growing at a rate of 0.67% annually and its population has increased by 7.40% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 78,958 in 2010. Merced reached it's highest population of 84,802 in 2021. Spanning over 23 miles, Merced has a population density of 3,651 people per square mile.

The average household income in Merced is $63,265 with a poverty rate of 29.31%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,005 per month, and the median house value is $237,500. The median age in Merced is 29.4 years, 27.9 years for males, and 31 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.4 males.

Merced Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Merced was:

  • White: 53.70%
  • Other race: 23.73%
  • Asian: 11.75%
  • Black or African American: 5.41%
  • Two or more races: 4.43%
  • Native American: 0.90%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Merced, California is 84,802, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 83,113.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 78,958.

Merced, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021284,7383,5291.24%
2020281,2093,5291.25%
2019277,6803,5291.27%
2018274,1513,0551.11%
2017271,0963,4681.28%
2016267,6281,2750.48%
2015266,3531,9340.73%
2014264,4192,3930.91%
2013262,0261,1590.44%
2012260,8671,5700.60%
2011259,2972,5760.99%
2010256,7210.00%

Merced Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White44,38953.70%
Some Other Race19,61223.73%
Asian9,71411.75%
Black or African American4,4685.41%
Two or More Races3,6614.43%
American Indian and Alaska Native7480.90%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander700.08%
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Merced Population by Race

Merced Population Pyramid 2021

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Merced Median Age

29.4


Total

27.9


Male

31


Female

Merced Adults

There are 58,236 adults, (8,327 of whom are seniors) in Merced.

Merced Age Dependency

65.6

Age Dependency Ratio

16.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

48.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Merced Sex Ratio

Female

41,865

50.65%

Male

40,797

49.35%

Merced Population by Age

Merced Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Merced Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married59.2%40.8%
All41.3%58.7%
Male36.2%63.8%
Non Family31.7%68.3%
Female22.1%77.9%

41.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Merced Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All25,4903.241.3
Married10,3683.9959.2
Non Family7,8181.5631.7
Female5,2063.8922.1
Male2,0983.6936.2

3.72

Average Family Size

3.2

Average Household Size

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Merced Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,99114.89%
9th to 12th Grade5,71312.16%
High School Graduate11,10323.64%
Some College11,38024.23%
Associates Degree4,0388.60%
Bachelors Degree4,5379.66%
Graduate Degree3,2026.82%
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Merced Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Merced Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic23,44913,8661,722
White15,16613,8404,151
Other Race9,9734,844468
Asian4,8813,4461,311
Black2,6642,278420
Multiple Races1,5171,405316
Native American53736238
Islander5858

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 27.37%.

Merced Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,536$33,309$29,362
Less Than High School$24,241$26,950$16,110
High School Grad$28,750$31,430$25,463
Some College$33,894$39,705$28,706
Bachelors Degree$48,021$38,396$54,538
Graduate Degree$66,383$72,083$64,569

$31,536

Average Earnings

$33,309

Average Male

$29,362

Average Female

Merced Earnings by Educational Attainment

Merced Language by Age

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Merced Language

52.63% of Merced residents speak only English, while 47.37% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 37.14% of the population.

Merced Language

Merced Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic45,12014,67832.53%
Other19,3296,94035.90%
White21,0294,42421.04%
Asian9,7062,76128.45%
Black4,3221,48934.45%
Multiple3,4801,32938.19%
Native73633445.38%

29.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.71%

Male Poverty Rate

31.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Merced

The race most likely to be in poverty in Merced is Native, with 45.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Merced is White, with 21.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.80%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 39.13%.

Merced Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.95%
High School21.85%
Some College16.83%
Bachelors or Greater7.54%

Merced Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.73%
Male Unemployed29.18%
Female Employed14.18%
Male Employed13.48%

Merced Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Merced Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,232$63,265
Families$50,013$68,446
Married Families$72,168$88,680
Non Families$29,341$45,961
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Income by Household Type

Merced Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.6%

Male Marriage Rate

36.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Merced Married by Age and Sex

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Merced Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Merced Marital Status by Race

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Merced Marital Status

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2,943

Number of Veterans

2,708

Male Veterans

235

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,226
Second Gulf War506
First Gulf War410
Korea319
World War II78

Merced Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74787
75+726
35 to 54642
55 to 64510
18 to 34278

Merced Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,2276.90%
Hispanic9042.99%
Black2336.65%
Other2131.63%
Asian1161.72%
Indian8013.89%
2 or More743.90%

Merced Veterans by Race

Merced Veterans by Education

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6.17%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.77%

Veteran Disability Rate

Merced Veterans by Education

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57.2%

Labor Force Participation

49.9%

Employment Rate

12.7%

Unemployment Rate

Merced Employment by Age

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Merced Employment by Race

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Merced Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.65%

Born in California

77.31%

Native Born

22.69%

Foreign Born

12.89%

Non Citizen

9.80%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

77.31% of Merced residents were born in the United States, with 65.65% having been born in California. 12.89% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Merced Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202184,8025630.67%
202084,2395630.67%
201983,6765630.68%
201883,1135240.63%
201782,5893570.43%
201682,2324570.56%
201581,7756550.81%
201481,1204170.52%
201380,7034720.59%
201280,2315260.66%
201179,7055740.73%
201079,13115,2382.16%
200063,8937,6771.29%
199056,21619,7174.41%
198036,49913,8294.88%
197022,6702,6021.23%
196020,0684,7902.76%
195015,2785,1434.19%
194010,1353,0693.67%
19307,0663,0925.92%
19203,9748722.51%
19103,1021,1334.65%
19001,969-40-0.20%
18902,0095633.34%
18801,4460.00%

Merced Population by Year