Merced, California Population 2020

83,964
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Merced is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 83,964, it is the 101st largest city in California and the 417th largest city in the United States. Merced is currently growing at a rate of 0.39% annually and its population has increased by 6.34% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 78,958 in 2010. Spanning over 23 miles, Merced has a population density of 3,615 people per square mile.

The average household income in Merced is $62,195 with a poverty rate of 29.75%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $954 per month, and the median house value is $212,100. The median age in Merced is 29.6 years, 27.7 years for males, and 31.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.8 males.

Merced Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Merced was:

  • White: 56.84%
  • Other race: 19.24%
  • Asian: 12.60%
  • Black or African American: 6.08%
  • Two or more races: 4.27%
  • Native American: 0.87%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.09%
The current population of Merced, California is 83,964, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 83,316.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 78,958.

Merced, California Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020281,6153,4251.22%
2019278,1903,4251.23%
2018274,7653,4251.25%
2017271,3403,3691.24%
2016267,9711,3200.49%
2015266,6512,0020.75%
2014264,6492,4510.93%
2013262,1981,2270.47%
2012260,9711,6380.63%
2011259,3332,6011.00%
2010256,7320.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White46,77156.84%
Some Other Race15,83619.24%
Asian10,37212.60%
Black or African American5,0056.08%
Two or More Races3,5174.27%
American Indian and Alaska Native7170.87%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander710.09%
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Merced Population Pyramid 2020

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Merced Median Age

29.6


Total

27.7


Male

31.2


Female

Merced Adults

There are 57,878 adults, (8,393 of whom are seniors) in Merced.

Merced Age Dependency

66.3

Age Dependency Ratio

17

Old Age Dependency Ratio

49.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Merced Sex Ratio

Female

41,592

50.54%

Male

40,697

49.46%

Merced Households and Families

Merced Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Merced Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57.9%42.1%
All40.6%59.4%
Male33.8%66.2%
Non Family32.5%67.5%
Female21.2%78.8%

40.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All25,8273.1440.6
Married10,5263.8857.9
Non Family7,7591.5732.5
Female5,4693.821.2
Male2,0733.5533.8

3.65

Average Family Size

3.14

Average Household Size

8.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Merced Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,04315.04%
9th to 12th Grade5,04110.76%
High School Graduate11,20123.91%
Some College11,23023.97%
Associates Degree4,0338.61%
Bachelors Degree4,97310.62%
Graduate Degree3,3217.09%
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Merced Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic22,22113,2511,775
White15,79914,6084,542
Other Race8,1163,969492
Asian5,2913,6681,421
Black2,7282,444421
Multiple Races1,4281,300264
Native American46326631
Islander6060

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 28.75%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,581$35,415$27,400
Less Than High School$23,019$26,484$14,876
High School Grad$26,766$30,636$21,196
Some College$33,992$40,798$27,989
Bachelors Degree$49,238$41,854$52,393
Graduate Degree$64,776$67,245$63,796

$31,581

Average Earnings

$35,415

Average Male

$27,400

Average Female

Merced Language

Merced Language by Age

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Merced Language

54.02% of Merced residents speak only English, while 45.98% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 34.68% of the population.

Merced Poverty

Merced Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic42,89614,76734.43%
Other15,6566,08638.87%
White21,8944,21319.24%
Asian10,3662,95428.50%
Black4,8181,71935.68%
Multiple3,3771,51844.95%
Native70844362.57%

29.75%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.90%

Male Poverty Rate

32.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Merced

The race most likely to be in poverty in Merced is Native, with 62.57% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Merced is White, with 19.24% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 7.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.18%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.46%
High School23.75%
Some College18.92%
Bachelors or Greater6.01%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed46.39%
Male Unemployed28.91%
Female Employed14.95%
Male Employed11.21%

Merced Income

Merced Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$42,637$62,195
Families$46,559$67,224
Married Families$69,088$88,842
Non Families$28,908$45,169
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Merced Marital Status

Merced Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.1%

Male Marriage Rate

37.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Merced Married by Age and Sex

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Merced Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Merced Marital Status by Race

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Merced Veterans

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3,304

Number of Veterans

3,069

Male Veterans

235

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,328
First Gulf War586
Second Gulf War539
Korea305
World War II120
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74917
35 to 54804
75+738
55 to 64587
18 to 34258
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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,5467.45%
Hispanic9003.17%
Black3048.29%
Other2182.10%
Asian1261.72%
2 or More784.43%
Indian326.50%

Merced Veterans by Education

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6.05%

Veteran Poverty Rate

38.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Merced Employment Status

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57.1%

Labor Force Participation

49.3%

Employment Rate

13.7%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.50%

Born in California

77.76%

Native Born

22.24%

Foreign Born

12.63%

Non Citizen

9.61%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

77.76% of Merced residents were born in the United States, with 65.50% having been born in California. 12.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202083,9643240.39%
201983,6403240.39%
201883,3166390.77%
201782,6773240.39%
201682,3534750.58%
201581,8786800.84%
201481,1984400.54%
201380,7584930.61%
201280,2655450.68%
201179,7205860.74%
201079,13415,2412.16%
200063,8937,6771.29%
199056,21619,7174.41%
198036,49913,8294.88%
197022,6702,6021.23%
196020,0684,7902.76%
195015,2785,1434.19%
194010,1353,0693.67%
19307,0663,0925.92%
19203,9748722.51%
19103,1021,1334.65%
19001,969-40-0.20%
18902,0095633.34%
18801,4460.00%