Mesa, Arizona Population 2020

527,666

Mesa is a city located in Arizona. With a 2020 population of 527,666, it is the 3rd largest city in Arizona (after and ) and the 35th largest city in the United States. Mesa is currently growing at a rate of 1.80% annually and its population has increased by 20.19% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 439,041 in 2010. Spanning over 139 miles, Mesa has a population density of 3,821 people per square mile.

The average household income in Mesa is $73,216 with a poverty rate of 15.51%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $988 per month, and the median house value is $209,700. The median age in Mesa is 35.9 years, 34.6 years for males, and 37.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.7 males.

Mesa is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. Mesa is best known for its educational institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.

Mesa Population and Economy Statistics

Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.

Mesa Population Growth

Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The most substantial increase was recorded between the poll taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.

Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built, and many of them are still used in modern times.

The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly after that, the first school was built and in 1883, the city was incorporated.

During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a significant contributor to the economy, until the city became more industrialized.

Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Mesa Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mesa was:

  • White: 82.80%
  • Other race: 5.23%
  • Black or African American: 3.80%
  • Two or more races: 3.42%
  • Native American: 2.29%
  • Asian: 2.04%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.43%
The current population of Mesa, Arizona is 527,666, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 508,958.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 439,041.

Mesa, Arizona Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20205,050,50096,2701.91%
20194,954,23096,2701.94%
20184,857,96096,2701.98%
20174,761,69085,7201.80%
20164,675,97094,8502.03%
20154,581,12089,7001.96%
20144,491,42086,7401.93%
20134,404,68073,6301.67%
20124,331,05077,2301.78%
20114,253,82049,0801.15%
20104,204,7400.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White406,69482.80%
Some Other Race25,6725.23%
Black or African American18,6653.80%
Two or More Races16,7803.42%
American Indian and Alaska Native11,2462.29%
Asian10,0262.04%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,1110.43%

Mesa Population Pyramid 2020

Mesa Median Age

35.9


Total

34.6


Male

37.6


Female

Mesa Adults

There are 371,692 adults, (79,239 of whom are seniors) in Mesa.

Mesa Age Dependency

68

Age Dependency Ratio

27.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Mesa Sex Ratio

Female

248,463

50.58%

Male

242,731

49.42%

Mesa Households and Families

Mesa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mesa Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75%25%
All60.3%39.7%
Non Family49.6%50.4%
Male46.9%53.1%
Female38.3%61.7%

60.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All178,3902.7360.3
Married85,9433.3675
Non Family60,6321.3449.6
Female21,7963.738.3
Male10,0193.6746.9

3.33

Average Family Size

2.73

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mesa Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,9395.21%
9th to 12th Grade21,6486.65%
High School Graduate81,87325.16%
Some College89,74227.58%
Associates Degree29,4529.05%
Bachelors Degree57,49417.67%
Graduate Degree28,2478.68%

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White224,769212,19868,804
Hispanic71,48948,5438,749
Other Race14,7169,3891,445
Black11,22510,1442,660
Asian7,4276,4593,211
Native American6,4405,4481,021
Multiple Races6,2155,5161,478
Islander1,0891,00588

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.41%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 43.23%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,336$40,214$30,865
Less Than High School$21,500$23,015$18,127
High School Grad$29,759$32,164$24,171
Some College$35,483$40,974$30,732
Bachelors Degree$47,629$57,989$40,546
Graduate Degree$60,191$73,526$50,926

$35,336

Average Earnings

$40,214

Average Male

$30,865

Average Female

Mesa Language

Mesa Language by Age

Mesa Language

78.57% of Mesa residents speak only English, while 21.43% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.57% of the population.

Mesa Poverty

Mesa Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic135,20335,16226.01%
White302,80530,2659.99%
Other25,4756,76726.56%
Black18,4484,66825.30%
Multiple16,5203,38320.48%
Native11,1583,06727.49%
Asian9,9021,00710.17%
Islander2,10432415.40%

15.51%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.76%

Male Poverty Rate

16.24%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mesa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Native, with 27.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesa is White, with 9.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.13%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.78%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.69%
High School13.73%
Some College10.30%
Bachelors or Greater5.72%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed34.90%
Female Unemployed34.48%
Male Employed8.44%
Female Employed8.15%

Mesa Income

Mesa Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,700$73,216
Families$65,539$84,483
Married Families$77,505$96,123
Non Families$35,127$47,004

Mesa Marital Status

Mesa Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.3%

Male Marriage Rate

46.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Mesa Married by Age and Sex

Mesa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Mesa Marital Status by Race

Mesa Veterans

32,098

Number of Veterans

29,429

Male Veterans

2,669

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam11,642
First Gulf War5,606
Second Gulf War4,381
Korea3,649
World War II1,510
Age Group Veterans
75+8,750
65 to 748,431
35 to 546,492
55 to 645,828
18 to 342,597
Name Veterans % of Total
White29,4849.39%
Hispanic3,1333.56%
Black1,1578.75%
Other4342.42%
2 or More4204.83%
Indian2973.78%
Asian2673.17%
Hawaiian393.01%

$Mesa Veterans by Education

7.51%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mesa Employment Status

63.6%

Labor Force Participation

60.1%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Mesa Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

39.72%

Born in Arizona

87.97%

Native Born

12.03%

Foreign Born

7.96%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.97% of Mesa residents were born in the United States, with 39.72% having been born in Arizona. 7.96% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020527,6669,3541.80%
2019518,3129,3541.84%
2018508,9588,5631.71%
2017500,3959,3541.90%
2016491,0418,9331.85%
2015482,1088,7181.84%
2014473,3908,4101.81%
2013464,9807,9191.73%
2012457,0619,3802.10%
2011447,6816,6861.52%
2010440,99544,6201.07%
2000396,375108,2843.24%
1990288,091135,6876.57%
1980152,40489,3559.23%
197063,04929,2776.44%
196033,77216,9827.24%
195016,7909,5668.80%
19407,2243,5136.89%
19303,7116752.03%
19203,0362,83614.57%
19002000.00%