Mesa, Arizona Population 2022

517,302
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Mesa is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. With a 2020 population of 517,302, it is the 3rd largest city in Arizona and the 36th largest city in the United States. Mesa is currently growing at a rate of 1.28% annually and its population has increased by 1.65% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 508,918 in 2020. Spanning over 139 miles, Mesa has a population density of 3,746 people per square mile.

The average household income in Mesa is $77,738 with a poverty rate of 13.31%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Mesa is 35.9 years, 34.5 years for males, and 37.7 years for females.

Mesa is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. Mesa is best known for its educational institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.

Mesa Population and Economy Statistics

Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.

Mesa Population Growth

Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The most substantial increase was recorded between the poll taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.

Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built, and many of them are still used in modern times.

The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly after that, the first school was built and in 1883, the city was incorporated.

During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a significant contributor to the economy, until the city became more industrialized.

Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Mesa Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mesawas:

  • White: 78.26%
  • Two or more races: 6.27%
  • Other race: 6.12%
  • Black or African American: 4.38%
  • Native American: 2.51%
  • Asian: 2.08%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.38%
The current population of Mesa, Arizona is 517,302 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 508,918.

Mesa, Arizona Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Mesa Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Mesa Population by Race

Mesa Population Pyramid 2022

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Mesa Median Age

36.2


Total

34.5


Male

38.1


Female

Mesa Adults

There are 387,477 adults, (84,706 of whom are seniors) in Mesa.

Mesa Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

28

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Mesa Sex Ratio

Female

257,620

50.62%

Male

251,298

49.38%

Mesa Population by Age

Mesa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Mesa Household Types

62.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Mesa Households and Families

3.28

Average Family Size

2.71

Average Household Size

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Mesa Households by Type

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Mesa Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.94%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.23%.

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

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$38,754

Average Earnings

$42,736

Average Male

$33,987

Average Female

Mesa Earnings by Educational Attainment

Mesa Language by Age

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Mesa Language

78.92% of Mesa residents speak only English, while 21.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.36% of the population.

Mesa Language

Mesa Poverty by Race

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13.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.54%

Male Poverty Rate

14.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mesa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Hispanic, with 22.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.30%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.11%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.79%.

Mesa Poverty

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Mesa Poverty Rate by Education

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Mesa Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Mesa Income by Household Type

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Income by Household Type

Mesa Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

47.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.0%

Male Marriage Rate

46.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Mesa Married by Age and Sex

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Mesa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Mesa Marital Status by Race

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Mesa Marital Status

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32,396

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Mesa Veterans by War

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Mesa Veterans by Age

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Mesa Veterans by Race

Mesa Veterans by Education

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6.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.71%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mesa Veterans by Education

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64.6%

Labor Force Participation

61.2%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Mesa Employment by Age

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Mesa Employment by Race

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Mesa Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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39.45%

Born in Mesa

88.06%

Native Born

11.94%

Foreign Born

7.80%

Non Citizen

4.14%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.06% of Mesa residents were born in the United States, with 39.45% having been born in Arizona. 7.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Mesa Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Mesa Population by Year