Mesa is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. Mesa has a 2023 population of 516,783. Mesa is currently growing at a rate of 0.71% annually and its population has increased by 2.16% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 505,860 in 2020.
The average household income in Mesa is $85,846 with a poverty rate of 12.13%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Mesa is 36.6 years, 35.4 years for males, and 37.8 years for females.
Mesa is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. Mesa is best known for its educational institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.
Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.
Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The most substantial increase was recorded between the poll taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.
Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built, and many of them are still used in modern times.
The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly after that, the first school was built and in 1883, the city was incorporated.
During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a significant contributor to the economy, until the city became more industrialized.
Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mesa was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 85.1%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 41.2%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
79.2% of Mesa residents speak only English, while 20.8% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.23% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Hispanic, with 28.98% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Asian, with 8.44% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.73%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.65%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Mesa
89.02% of Mesa residents were born in the United States, with 40.01% having been born in Arizona. 7.7% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.