Mesa, Arizona Population 2021

538,146
Loading...

Mesa is a city located in Arizona. With a 2020 population of 538,146, it is the 3rd largest city in Arizona (after and ) and the 34th largest city in the United States. Mesa is currently growing at a rate of 1.91% annually and its population has increased by 22.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 439,041 in 2010. Mesa reached it's highest population of 538,146 in 2021. Spanning over 139 miles, Mesa has a population density of 3,897 people per square mile.

The average household income in Mesa is $77,738 with a poverty rate of 14.85%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,044 per month, and the median house value is $226,500. The median age in Mesa is 35.9 years, 34.5 years for males, and 37.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.6 males.

Mesa is a suburb located outside of Phoenix and is in Maricopa County. Mesa is best known for its educational institutions, including Arizona State University’s Polytechnic campus.

Mesa Population and Economy Statistics

Banner Health System is the largest employer in the city, providing almost 10,000 jobs. Other top employers include Mesa Public Schools, Boeing, City of Mesa and Walmart, which each provide thousands of jobs to Mesa residents.

Mesa Population Growth

Mesa has seen an increase in population in every census taken since the early 1900s. The most substantial increase was recorded between the poll taken in 1970 and 1980, reflecting a 141.7% increase. While recent numbers haven’t been quite that high, the city most recently has seen 10.4% growth since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that this city still has more growth in its future.

Mesa was first inhabited by the Hohokam people thousands of years ago. During its early history, the people built a canal system that was one of the most sophisticated of its time. By the year 1450, hundreds of miles of canals were built, and many of them are still used in modern times.

The US Army came to the area in the late 19th century. At that time, it was opened for settlement. Daniel Webster Jones came from Utah to Arizona to found a Mormon settlement and arrived along the north edge of the city. This settlement was known as Lehi in 1883. The First Mesa Company came to the area to develop canals, followed by the Second Mesa Company who settled west of the First Mesa Company. It was during 1878 that Mesa City was designated as a town. Shortly after that, the first school was built and in 1883, the city was incorporated.

During the 1800s, the Mesa Canal was widened to construct a power plant. The city later purchased the plant and used funds to pave roads and build new buildings, including a hospital and library. During the 1940s, the city saw an increase in tourism, which led to population growth. Until the 1960s, agriculture was a significant contributor to the economy, until the city became more industrialized.

Today, Mesa is known for its schools, including Arizona State University, A.T. Still University’s Osteopathic Medical School and the CAE Global Academy Phoenix.

Mesa Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mesa was:

  • White: 81.54%
  • Other race: 5.44%
  • Black or African American: 4.18%
  • Two or more races: 3.53%
  • Native American: 2.62%
  • Asian: 2.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.46%
The current population of Mesa, Arizona is 538,146, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 507,945.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 439,041.

Mesa, Arizona Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20215,146,19098,9901.92%
20205,047,20099,0001.96%
20194,948,20098,9902.00%
20184,849,21090,4601.87%
20174,758,75085,4101.79%
20164,673,34094,8202.03%
20154,578,52089,5501.96%
20144,488,97085,8501.91%
20134,403,12073,3601.67%
20124,329,76076,7201.77%
20114,253,04048,8401.15%
20104,204,2000.00%

Mesa Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White407,44881.54%
Some Other Race27,1995.44%
Black or African American20,9054.18%
Two or More Races17,6443.53%
American Indian and Alaska Native13,0972.62%
Asian11,1342.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,2930.46%
Loading...

Mesa Population by Race

Mesa Population Pyramid 2021

Loading...

Mesa Median Age

35.9


Total

34.5


Male

37.7


Female

Mesa Adults

There are 378,082 adults, (82,100 of whom are seniors) in Mesa.

Mesa Age Dependency

68.8

Age Dependency Ratio

27.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Mesa Sex Ratio

Female

252,867

50.60%

Male

246,853

49.40%

Mesa Population by Age

Mesa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Mesa Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.1%23.9%
All61.1%38.9%
Non Family50.7%49.3%
Male46.1%53.9%
Female37.9%62.1%

61.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Mesa Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All181,1302.7461.1
Married87,2933.3676.1
Non Family61,4751.3750.7
Female22,5053.6337.9
Male9,8573.6846.1

3.32

Average Family Size

2.74

Average Household Size

Loading...

Mesa Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade15,6114.70%
9th to 12th Grade21,7246.54%
High School Graduate80,63824.29%
Some College92,27427.80%
Associates Degree30,8449.29%
Bachelors Degree61,13218.42%
Graduate Degree29,7178.95%
Loading...

Mesa Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Total High School Bachelors
White226,687213,95871,355
Hispanic72,63050,9249,930
Other Race15,65410,0331,605
Black12,90611,9753,355
Asian8,3387,4163,761
Native American7,3286,1851,251
Multiple Races6,6826,0201,566
Islander1,2521,146156

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.38%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 45.11%.

Mesa Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,129$41,732$31,885
Less Than High School$22,235$25,538$19,171
High School Grad$30,480$32,879$25,089
Some College$36,404$41,245$31,495
Bachelors Degree$50,453$60,596$42,896
Graduate Degree$62,786$76,604$52,916

$37,129

Average Earnings

$41,732

Average Male

$31,885

Average Female

Mesa Earnings by Educational Attainment

Mesa Language by Age

Loading...

Mesa Language

78.59% of Mesa residents speak only English, while 21.41% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 17.50% of the population.

Mesa Language

Mesa Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic137,16334,74925.33%
White304,09928,7839.47%
Other26,9726,50524.12%
Black20,6834,57422.11%
Multiple17,4063,53220.29%
Native12,8392,91522.70%
Asian11,0591,0169.19%
Islander2,29333414.57%

14.85%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.00%

Male Poverty Rate

15.67%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mesa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Hispanic, with 25.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mesa is Asian, with 9.19% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.01%.

Mesa Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.92%
High School13.19%
Some College9.88%
Bachelors or Greater5.67%

Mesa Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed33.10%
Female Unemployed33.07%
Male Employed8.10%
Female Employed7.70%

Mesa Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Mesa Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$58,181$77,738
Families$68,761$88,828
Married Families$80,793$100,945
Non Families$38,566$51,524
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Mesa Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

47.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.4%

Male Marriage Rate

46.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Mesa Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Mesa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Mesa Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Mesa Marital Status

Loading...

32,478

Number of Veterans

29,656

Male Veterans

2,822

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam11,782
First Gulf War5,898
Second Gulf War4,966
Korea3,472
World War II1,136

Mesa Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
75+8,898
65 to 748,422
35 to 546,855
55 to 645,457
18 to 342,846

Mesa Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White29,5659.39%
Hispanic3,2043.57%
Black1,2778.44%
Other5122.69%
2 or More4024.48%
Indian3774.26%
Asian3143.42%
Hawaiian311.95%

Mesa Veterans by Race

Mesa Veterans by Education

Loading...

6.92%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.21%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mesa Veterans by Education

Loading...

64.3%

Labor Force Participation

61.1%

Employment Rate

4.9%

Unemployment Rate

Mesa Employment by Age

Loading...

Mesa Employment by Race

Loading...

Mesa Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

40.18%

Born in Arizona

88.19%

Native Born

11.81%

Foreign Born

7.76%

Non Citizen

4.05%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.19% of Mesa residents were born in the United States, with 40.18% having been born in Arizona. 7.76% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Mesa Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021538,14610,0671.91%
2020528,07910,0671.94%
2019518,01210,0671.98%
2018507,9457,9241.58%
2017500,0219,3261.90%
2016490,6958,8841.84%
2015481,8118,6791.83%
2014473,1328,3291.79%
2013464,8037,8351.71%
2012456,9689,2872.07%
2011447,6816,6881.52%
2010440,99344,6181.07%
2000396,375108,2843.24%
1990288,091135,6876.57%
1980152,40489,3559.23%
197063,04929,2776.44%
196033,77216,9827.24%
195016,7909,5668.80%
19407,2243,5136.89%
19303,7116752.03%
19203,0362,83614.57%
19002000.00%

Mesa Population by Year