Midland, Texas Population 2020

145,012
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Midland is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 145,012, it is the 21st largest city in Texas and the 182nd largest city in the United States. Midland is currently growing at a rate of 0.93% annually and its population has increased by 30.47% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 111,147 in 2010. Spanning over 75 miles, Midland has a population density of 1,950 people per square mile.

The average household income in Midland is $111,202 with a poverty rate of 8.58%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,233 per month, and the median house value is $204,800. The median age in Midland is 31.9 years, 31 years for males, and 32.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 103.2 males.

Midland is located in Midland County, Texas and in the Southern Plains region of West Texas with a small section of the city in neighboring Martin County. Midland is located in the middle of El Paso, Dallas, and San Antonio, Texas and Albuquerque, New Mexico or about 330 miles west of Dallas and 305 miles east of El Paso.

Diversity

Midland, Texas is almost an Hispanic-majority city. According to the state demographer, more migrants than ever moving into Texas are from an Asian country and have lived somewhere in the U.S. first.

Population Growth

In 1910, four years after Midland’s incorporation, the population stood at 2,192. After a brief drop of 18.1% over the following decade, the population skyrocketed with the discovery of oil, and the 1920s saw an increase of over 200%, bringing the population to almost 5,500. This slowed to only a 70% rise over the 1930s, but the 1950s and 1960s each saw an increase of more than 132%.

The last United States census in 2010 saw the population standing at 111,147, a percentage increase just shy of 5,000% since the first available record in 1910. Forbes magazine in 2014 ranked Midland as the 2nd fastest growing small city in the United States. Since 2010, Midland has experienced an impressive population growth of 26%, making it once again one of the fastest growing areas of the United States surpassed only by Austin, Texas and Myrtle Beach and The Villages in Florida.

In spite of already being established on the Texas and Pacific Railway as Midway Station in June of 1881 (due to its central location between El Paso and Fort Worth) the granting of the town’s first Post Office in 1884 saw Midland having to change its name, due to other Texan Midways, and thus Midland was officially born. When Midland County was first organized and separated from Tom Green County a year later in 1885, Midland became the county seat.

By 1890, Midland had become one of the premier cattle shipping centers in all of Texas. In 1906, the city was incorporated, and by 1910 the city had established its first fire department.

The discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 changed the area significantly. Soon, Midland had been transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. The Second World War saw Midland becoming the largest bombardier training base in the United States, and post-war Midland saw its second boom period beginning with the discovery of what is still ranked today as the third largest oil field in the United States by way of total reserves. The 1970s saw another boom period, and today, the Permian Basin, comprised of Midland and other surrounding areas in West Texas and south eastern New Mexico, produces one-fifth of the nation's total natural gas and petroleum output.

While the city’s economy is still heavily reliant on petroleum, it has also diversified and become a major regional telecommunications and distribution center.

Midland serves as the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, and the one-time home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush.

Midland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Midland was:

  • White: 82.35%
  • Black or African American: 7.82%
  • Other race: 4.69%
  • Asian: 2.26%
  • Two or more races: 2.11%
  • Native American: 0.73%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Midland, Texas is 145,012, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 142,344.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 111,147.

Midland, Texas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020193,0977,3833.82%
2019185,7147,3833.98%
2018178,3317,3834.14%
2017170,9481,4480.85%
2016169,5001,4880.88%
2015168,0125,7633.43%
2014162,2494,5822.82%
2013157,6675,3303.38%
2012152,3377,2254.74%
2011145,1123,3182.29%
2010141,7940.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White111,28182.35%
Black or African American10,5687.82%
Some Other Race6,3424.69%
Asian3,0482.26%
Two or More Races2,8542.11%
American Indian and Alaska Native9820.73%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander590.04%
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Midland Population Pyramid 2020

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Midland Median Age

31.9


Total

31


Male

32.9


Female

Midland Adults

There are 98,261 adults, (14,331 of whom are seniors) in Midland.

Midland Age Dependency

61

Age Dependency Ratio

17.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Midland Sex Ratio

Female

66,519

49.22%

Male

68,615

50.78%

Midland Households and Families

Midland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Midland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82%18%
All65%35%
Female48.9%51.1%
Male46.4%53.6%
Non Family45.9%54.1%

65.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All46,5522.8765
Married24,1133.5282
Non Family14,3441.2645.9
Female5,6733.6548.9
Male2,4223.9946.4

3.47

Average Family Size

2.87

Average Household Size

5.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Midland Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,6326.62%
9th to 12th Grade7,7689.13%
High School Graduate21,29825.03%
Some College19,23322.60%
Associates Degree6,6797.85%
Bachelors Degree17,56320.64%
Graduate Degree6,9328.15%
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Midland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White43,95342,02418,692
Hispanic32,42522,2143,562
Black6,5225,4981,180
Other Race4,2813,151575
Asian1,7871,454853
Multiple Races1,1121,022302
Native American554500195
Islander3434

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.73%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$49,793$63,589$33,070
Less Than High School$28,847$40,548$19,215
High School Grad$37,673$51,754$24,596
Some College$49,339$63,179$36,331
Bachelors Degree$62,479$89,548$49,254
Graduate Degree$80,137$104,250$62,448

$49,793

Average Earnings

$63,589

Average Male

$33,070

Average Female

Midland Language

Midland Language by Age

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Midland Language

66.43% of Midland residents speak only English, while 33.57% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.38% of the population.

Midland Poverty

Midland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic58,2657,46212.81%
White60,9082,8424.67%
Other6,3001,23119.54%
Black10,3101,12510.91%
Multiple2,8331806.35%
Asian3,0181163.84%
Native964121.24%

8.58%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.22%

Male Poverty Rate

9.98%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Midland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Midland is Other, with 19.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Midland is Native, with 1.24% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.91%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.18%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.55%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School15.07%
High School9.98%
Some College4.84%
Bachelors or Greater3.03%
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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed28.08%
Female Unemployed24.12%
Female Employed5.70%
Male Employed3.31%

Midland Income

Midland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$79,744$111,202
Families$92,166$125,058
Married Families$108,525$146,782
Non Families$49,325$73,089
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Midland Marital Status

Midland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

52.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.1%

Male Marriage Rate

52.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Midland Married by Age and Sex

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Midland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Midland Marital Status by Race

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Midland Veterans

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6,028

Number of Veterans

5,550

Male Veterans

478

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,560
Second Gulf War1,443
First Gulf War1,230
Korea359
World War II291
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,881
75+1,245
65 to 741,137
55 to 64888
18 to 34877
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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,0506.20%
Hispanic1,3253.37%
Black77610.25%
Other1683.46%
2 or More342.28%

Midland Veterans by Education

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4.34%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Midland Employment Status

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70.7%

Labor Force Participation

68.2%

Employment Rate

3.5%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.49%

Born in Texas

86.66%

Native Born

13.34%

Foreign Born

8.60%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.66% of Midland residents were born in the United States, with 66.49% having been born in Texas. 8.60% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020145,0121,3340.93%
2019143,6781,3340.94%
2018142,3445,9914.39%
2017136,3531,3340.99%
2016135,0191,4961.12%
2015133,5235,0773.95%
2014128,4464,2233.40%
2013124,2234,3933.67%
2012119,8305,8815.16%
2011113,9492,6652.39%
2010111,28416,2881.60%
200094,9965,5530.60%
199089,44318,9182.40%
198070,52511,0621.72%
197059,463-3,162-0.52%
196062,62540,91211.17%
195021,71312,3618.79%
19409,3523,8685.48%
19305,4840.00%