Midland, Texas Population 2022

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Midland is a city located in Midland County Texas. It is also the county seat of Midland County. With a 2020 population of 136,800, it is the 25th largest city in Texas and the 218th largest city in the United States. Midland is currently growing at a rate of 1.59% annually but its population has decreased by -3.11% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 141,194 in 2020. Spanning over 75 miles, Midland has a population density of 1,839 people per square mile.

The average household income in Midland is $112,701 with a poverty rate of 9.39%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Midland is 31.7 years, 31.1 years for males, and 32.4 years for females.

Midland is located in Midland County, Texas and in the Southern Plains region of West Texas with a small section of the city in neighboring Martin County. Midland is located in the middle of El Paso, Dallas, and San Antonio, Texas and Albuquerque, New Mexico or about 330 miles west of Dallas and 305 miles east of El Paso.


Midland, Texas is almost an Hispanic-majority city. According to the state demographer, more migrants than ever moving into Texas are from an Asian country and have lived somewhere in the U.S. first.

Population Growth

In 1910, four years after Midland’s incorporation, the population stood at 2,192. After a brief drop of 18.1% over the following decade, the population skyrocketed with the discovery of oil, and the 1920s saw an increase of over 200%, bringing the population to almost 5,500. This slowed to only a 70% rise over the 1930s, but the 1950s and 1960s each saw an increase of more than 132%.

The last United States census in 2010 saw the population standing at 111,147, a percentage increase just shy of 5,000% since the first available record in 1910. Forbes magazine in 2014 ranked Midland as the 2nd fastest growing small city in the United States. Since 2010, Midland has experienced an impressive population growth of 26%, making it once again one of the fastest growing areas of the United States surpassed only by Austin, Texas and Myrtle Beach and The Villages in Florida.

In spite of already being established on the Texas and Pacific Railway as Midway Station in June of 1881 (due to its central location between El Paso and Fort Worth) the granting of the town’s first Post Office in 1884 saw Midland having to change its name, due to other Texan Midways, and thus Midland was officially born. When Midland County was first organized and separated from Tom Green County a year later in 1885, Midland became the county seat.

By 1890, Midland had become one of the premier cattle shipping centers in all of Texas. In 1906, the city was incorporated, and by 1910 the city had established its first fire department.

The discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 changed the area significantly. Soon, Midland had been transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. The Second World War saw Midland becoming the largest bombardier training base in the United States, and post-war Midland saw its second boom period beginning with the discovery of what is still ranked today as the third largest oil field in the United States by way of total reserves. The 1970s saw another boom period, and today, the Permian Basin, comprised of Midland and other surrounding areas in West Texas and south eastern New Mexico, produces one-fifth of the nation's total natural gas and petroleum output.

While the city’s economy is still heavily reliant on petroleum, it has also diversified and become a major regional telecommunications and distribution center.

Midland serves as the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, and the one-time home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush.

Midland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Midlandwas:

  • White: 75.01%
  • Black or African American: 7.55%
  • Other race: 7.39%
  • Two or more races: 7.02%
  • Asian: 2.29%
  • Native American: 0.70%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Midland, Texas is 136,800 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 141,194.

Midland, Texas Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Midland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


Midland Population by Race

Midland Population Pyramid 2022


Midland Median Age







Midland Adults

There are 101,919 adults, (14,489 of whom are seniors) in Midland.

Midland Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Midland Sex Ratio







Midland Population by Age

Midland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Midland Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Midland Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Midland Households by Type


Midland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Midland Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 96.04%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48.98%.

Midland Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Midland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Midland Language by Age


Midland Language

65.61% of Midland residents speak only English, while 34.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.64% of the population.

Midland Language

Midland Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Midland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Midland is Multiple, with 15.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Midland is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 16.59%.

Midland Poverty


Midland Poverty Rate by Education


Midland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Midland Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Midland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Midland Married by Age and Sex


Midland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Midland Marital Status by Race

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Midland Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Midland Veterans by War


Midland Veterans by Age


Midland Veterans by Race

Midland Veterans by Education



Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Midland Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Midland Employment by Age


Midland Employment by Race


Midland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Midland


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

85.07% of Midland residents were born in the United States, with 65.15% having been born in Texas. 9.60% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Midland Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Midland Population by Year