Midland, Texas Population 2021

153,768
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Midland is a city located in Midland County Texas. It is also the county seat of Midland County. With a 2020 population of 153,768, it is the 20th largest city in Texas and the 168th largest city in the United States . Midland is currently growing at a rate of 2.58% annually and its population has increased by 38.35% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 111,147 in 2010. Midland reached it's highest population of 153,768 in 2021. Spanning over 75 miles, Midland has a population density of 2,067 people per square mile.

The average household income in Midland is $112,701 with a poverty rate of 9.16%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,262 per month, and the median house value is $219,500. The median age in Midland is 31.7 years, 31.1 years for males, and 32.4 years for females.

Midland is located in Midland County, Texas and in the Southern Plains region of West Texas with a small section of the city in neighboring Martin County. Midland is located in the middle of El Paso, Dallas, and San Antonio, Texas and Albuquerque, New Mexico or about 330 miles west of Dallas and 305 miles east of El Paso.

Diversity

Midland, Texas is almost an Hispanic-majority city. According to the state demographer, more migrants than ever moving into Texas are from an Asian country and have lived somewhere in the U.S. first.

Population Growth

In 1910, four years after Midland’s incorporation, the population stood at 2,192. After a brief drop of 18.1% over the following decade, the population skyrocketed with the discovery of oil, and the 1920s saw an increase of over 200%, bringing the population to almost 5,500. This slowed to only a 70% rise over the 1930s, but the 1950s and 1960s each saw an increase of more than 132%.

The last United States census in 2010 saw the population standing at 111,147, a percentage increase just shy of 5,000% since the first available record in 1910. Forbes magazine in 2014 ranked Midland as the 2nd fastest growing small city in the United States. Since 2010, Midland has experienced an impressive population growth of 26%, making it once again one of the fastest growing areas of the United States surpassed only by Austin, Texas and Myrtle Beach and The Villages in Florida.

In spite of already being established on the Texas and Pacific Railway as Midway Station in June of 1881 (due to its central location between El Paso and Fort Worth) the granting of the town’s first Post Office in 1884 saw Midland having to change its name, due to other Texan Midways, and thus Midland was officially born. When Midland County was first organized and separated from Tom Green County a year later in 1885, Midland became the county seat.

By 1890, Midland had become one of the premier cattle shipping centers in all of Texas. In 1906, the city was incorporated, and by 1910 the city had established its first fire department.

The discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 changed the area significantly. Soon, Midland had been transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. The Second World War saw Midland becoming the largest bombardier training base in the United States, and post-war Midland saw its second boom period beginning with the discovery of what is still ranked today as the third largest oil field in the United States by way of total reserves. The 1970s saw another boom period, and today, the Permian Basin, comprised of Midland and other surrounding areas in West Texas and south eastern New Mexico, produces one-fifth of the nation's total natural gas and petroleum output.

While the city’s economy is still heavily reliant on petroleum, it has also diversified and become a major regional telecommunications and distribution center.

Midland serves as the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, and the one-time home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush.

Midland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Midland was:

  • White: 80.64%
  • Black or African American: 7.82%
  • Other race: 6.41%
  • Two or more races: 2.32%
  • Asian: 2.18%
  • Native American: 0.57%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Midland, Texas is 153,768 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 142,173.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 111,147.

Midland, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021191,4374,4172.31%
2020187,0204,4172.36%
2019182,6034,4172.42%
2018178,1867,3374.12%
2017170,8491,3830.81%
2016169,4661,4920.88%
2015167,9745,7873.45%
2014162,1874,5592.81%
2013157,6285,3163.37%
2012152,3127,2044.73%
2011145,1083,3252.29%
2010141,7830.00%

Midland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White111,72880.64%
Black or African American10,8357.82%
Some Other Race8,8836.41%
Two or More Races3,2092.32%
Asian3,0232.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native7920.57%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander790.06%
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Midland Population by Race

Midland Population Pyramid $2021

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Midland Median Age

31.7


Total

31.1


Male

32.4


Female

Midland Adults

There are 100,369 adults, (14,420 of whom are seniors) in Midland.

Midland Age Dependency

61.2

Age Dependency Ratio

16.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Midland Sex Ratio

Female

67,991

49.07%

Male

70,558

50.93%

Midland Population by Age

Midland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Midland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81%19%
All65.1%34.9%
Female54.2%45.8%
Male48.3%51.7%
Non Family46.3%53.7%

65.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Midland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All47,2422.965.1
Married24,1823.5681
Non Family14,9521.2846.3
Female5,5323.9254.2
Male2,5763.948.3

3.53

Average Family Size

2.9

Average Household Size

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Midland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,3536.15%
9th to 12th Grade7,6538.79%
High School Graduate21,90425.16%
Some College20,23423.24%
Associates Degree6,7247.72%
Bachelors Degree18,02420.70%
Graduate Degree7,1768.24%
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Midland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Midland Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White43,94641,96818,609
Hispanic33,97724,2334,029
Black6,6415,6881,202
Other Race5,5854,109906
Asian1,9171,566992
2+ Races1,4381,295453
Native American507492177
Islander5341

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 97.04%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.75%.

Midland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$49,498$63,430$33,942
Less Than 9th Grade$27,242$36,033$20,030
High School Graduate$38,794$53,159$25,104
Some College$47,097$62,414$35,825
Bachelors Degree$61,615$89,453$51,130
Graduate Degree$81,982$102,348$62,949

$49,498

Average Earnings

$63,430

Average Male

$33,942

Average Female

Midland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Midland Language by Age

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Midland Language

66.50% of Midland residents speak only English, while 33.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.16% of the population.

Midland Language

Midland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic60,5768,14813.45%
White61,2753,1855.20%
Other8,8141,54217.49%
Black10,6191,14210.75%
Asian2,9991484.93%
Multiple3,1821113.49%
Native792162.02%

9.16%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.93%

Male Poverty Rate

10.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Midland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Midland is Other, with 17.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Midland is Native, with 2.02% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.93%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.80%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.50%.

Midland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade18.09%
High School10.47%
Some College5.15%
Bachelors or Greater2.03%

Midland Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed25.96%
Male Unemployed25.49%
Female Employed5.02%
Male Employed3.79%

Midland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Midland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$79,329$112,701
Families$94,520$127,828
Married Families$112,576$149,896
Non Families$49,324$72,930
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Income by Household Type

Midland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

51.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.7%

Male Marriage Rate

51.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Midland Married by Age and Sex

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Midland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Midland Marital Status by Race

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Midland Marital Status

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6,240

Number of Veterans

5,738

Male Veterans

502

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,638
Vietnam1,610
First Gulf War1,398
Korea328
World War II290

Midland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,871
75+1,238
65 to 741,227
18 to 341,054
55 to 64850

Midland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,9586.07%
Hispanic1,5393.73%
Black82410.85%
Other Race3876.11%
2+ Races593.29%
Islander1215.19%

Midland Veterans by Race

Midland Veterans by Education

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5.27%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.21%

Veteran Disability Rate

Midland Veterans by Education

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71.2%

Labor Force Participation

68.9%

Employment Rate

3.3%

Unemployment Rate

Midland Employment by Age

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Midland Employment by Race

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Midland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.11%

Born in Midland

85.95%

Native Born

14.05%

Foreign Born

9.08%

Non Citizen

4.97%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

85.95% of Midland residents were born in the United States, with 65.11% having been born in Texas. 9.08% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Midland Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021153,7683,8652.58%
2020149,9033,8652.65%
2019146,0383,8652.72%
2018142,1735,9684.38%
2017136,2051,2700.94%
2016134,9351,4951.12%
2015133,4405,0883.96%
2014128,3524,1893.37%
2013124,1634,3693.65%
2012119,7945,8535.14%
2011113,9412,6652.39%
2010111,27616,2801.59%
200094,9965,5530.60%
199089,44318,9182.40%
198070,52511,0621.72%
197059,463-3,162-0.52%
196062,62540,91211.17%
195021,71312,3618.79%
19409,3523,8685.48%
19305,4840.00%

Midland Population by Year