Mobile, Alabama Population 2021

186,542
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Mobile is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 186,542, it is the 4th largest city in Alabama (after , , and ) and the 137th largest city in the United States. Mobile is currently declining at a rate of -0.58% annually and its population has decreased by -4.39% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 195,111 in 2010. Mobile reached it's highest population of 200,452 in 1980. Spanning over 180 miles, Mobile has a population density of 1,338 people per square mile.

The average household income in Mobile is $62,345 with a poverty rate of 20.73%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $857 per month, and the median house value is $123,600. The median age in Mobile is 37.7 years, 36 years for males, and 39 years for females. For every 100 females there are 89.2 males.

Mobile is located in Mobile County, where it serves as the county seat and is also the most populous city. When compared to the rest of the state, Mobile is the third most populous in Alabama.

The city is most known for being the only saltwater port in the state, and the Port of Mobile has contributed significantly to the city’s economy throughout its history. The city’s population at the time of the 2010 census was recorded as 195,111.

Recent Population Changes

Since that last census was taken, estimates show that the population has dropped to 192,904. Median rent in the last five years has been approximately $800 per month.

Population Growth in Mobile

Mobile’s population saw rapid growth throughout the 19th century and through the early half of the 20th century. In 1960, the population reached its peak of over 202,000 residents. This was more than double the number recorded at the time of the 1940 census. However, in 1970, the population dropped below 200,000. It rose again in 1980 before dropping again in 1990. Though 2000 saw some growth, it did not again surpass 200,000. Recent population estimates show that the population is down over 1% since the 2010 census. The city has recently attracted more businesses, including Carnival cruise line, the Airbus assembly line, and a Walmart distribution center, which city officials hope will lead to growth in both the economy and the population.

Mobile Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mobile was:

  • Black or African American: 51.48%
  • White: 43.53%
  • Two or more races: 2.14%
  • Asian: 1.90%
  • Other race: 0.72%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Mobile, Alabama is 186,542, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 189,809.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 195,111.

Mobile, Alabama Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021427,988-774-0.18%
2020428,762-774-0.18%
2019429,536-774-0.18%
2018430,310-257-0.06%
2017430,567-999-0.23%
2016431,5662720.06%
2015431,2942770.06%
2014431,0172020.05%
2013430,815-147-0.03%
2012430,9625390.13%
2011430,423-518-0.12%
2010430,9410.00%

Mobile Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American98,03251.48%
White82,90443.53%
Two or More Races4,0792.14%
Asian3,6201.90%
Some Other Race1,3730.72%
American Indian and Alaska Native4030.21%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander210.01%
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Mobile Population by Race

Mobile Population Pyramid 2021

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Mobile Median Age

37.7


Total

36


Male

39


Female

Mobile Adults

There are 150,139 adults, (31,465 of whom are seniors) in Mobile.

Mobile Age Dependency

60.5

Age Dependency Ratio

26.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34

Child Dependency Ratio

Mobile Sex Ratio

Female

100,667

52.86%

Male

89,765

47.14%

Mobile Population by Age

Mobile Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Mobile Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.9%24.1%
All53.2%46.8%
Male49.1%50.9%
Female41.8%58.2%
Non Family41.7%58.3%

53.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Mobile Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All78,1422.3653.2
Non Family35,4781.1941.7
Married25,6353.1275.9
Female14,1203.6941.8
Male2,9093.3149.1

3.26

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

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Mobile Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,1982.45%
9th to 12th Grade11,2298.60%
High School Graduate39,46930.24%
Some College28,02921.48%
Associates Degree10,2137.83%
Bachelors Degree24,46318.74%
Graduate Degree13,90910.66%
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Mobile Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Mobile Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black62,71253,59010,561
White59,90855,88024,996
Hispanic3,3092,750820
Asian2,5682,0071,220
Multiple Races1,8501,665634
Other Race71852996
Native American338279116
Islander21219

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.51%.

Mobile Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,976$41,042$28,578
Less Than High School$18,900$19,516$17,294
High School Grad$26,231$31,500$20,529
Some College$29,827$37,483$25,479
Bachelors Degree$46,413$58,301$40,008
Graduate Degree$56,673$76,678$50,690

$33,976

Average Earnings

$41,042

Average Male

$28,578

Average Female

Mobile Earnings by Educational Attainment

Mobile Language by Age

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Mobile Language

95.53% of Mobile residents speak only English, while 4.47% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.98% of the population.

Mobile Language

Mobile Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black95,30926,99328.32%
White76,7018,97211.70%
Hispanic4,62084618.31%
Multiple3,98778219.61%
Asian3,59359516.56%
Other1,33427620.69%
Native349144.01%
Islander21733.33%

20.73%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.08%

Male Poverty Rate

22.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mobile

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mobile is Islander, with 33.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mobile is Native, with 4.01% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.45%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.69%.

Mobile Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.02%
High School20.30%
Some College14.49%
Bachelors or Greater4.90%

Mobile Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed51.45%
Male Unemployed31.06%
Female Employed11.74%
Male Employed6.73%

Mobile Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Mobile Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$42,321$62,345
Families$56,657$78,204
Married Families$78,898$103,450
Non Families$27,303$41,849
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Income by Household Type

Mobile Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

35.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.5%

Male Marriage Rate

33.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Mobile Married by Age and Sex

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Mobile Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Mobile Marital Status by Race

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Mobile Marital Status

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12,178

Number of Veterans

10,741

Male Veterans

1,437

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,765
First Gulf War2,533
Second Gulf War2,244
Korea902
World War II339

Mobile Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,338
35 to 542,701
55 to 642,574
75+2,450
18 to 341,115

Mobile Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,3469.14%
Black5,3647.31%
Hispanic2626.96%
2 or More2027.33%
Asian1715.90%
Other585.76%
Indian287.84%
Hawaiian942.86%

Mobile Veterans by Race

Mobile Veterans by Education

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9.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.76%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mobile Veterans by Education

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57.4%

Labor Force Participation

53.7%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Mobile Employment by Age

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Mobile Employment by Race

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Mobile Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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74.67%

Born in Alabama

96.64%

Native Born

3.36%

Foreign Born

1.67%

Non Citizen

1.70%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.64% of Mobile residents were born in the United States, with 74.67% having been born in Alabama. 1.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Mobile Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021186,542-1,089-0.58%
2020187,631-1,089-0.58%
2019188,720-1,089-0.57%
2018189,809-381-0.20%
2017190,190-1,282-0.67%
2016191,472-503-0.26%
2015191,975-607-0.32%
2014192,582-706-0.37%
2013193,288-473-0.24%
2012193,761-40-0.02%
2011193,801-776-0.40%
2010194,577-4,338-0.22%
2000198,9152,6370.13%
1990196,278-4,174-0.21%
1980200,45210,4260.54%
1970190,026-4,830-0.25%
1960194,85665,8474.21%
1950129,00950,2895.06%
194078,72010,5181.44%
193068,2027,4251.16%
192060,7779,2561.67%
191051,52113,0522.96%
190038,4697,3932.16%
189031,0761,9440.65%
188029,132-2,902-0.95%
187032,0342,7760.91%
186029,2588,7433.61%
185020,5157,8434.94%
184012,6729,47814.78%
18303,1940.00%

Mobile Population by Year