Montgomery, Alabama Population 2021

197,777
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Montgomery is a city located in Montgomery County Alabama. It is also the county seat of Montgomery County. With a 2020 population of 197,777, it is the 3rd largest city in Alabama (after and ) and the 126th largest city in the United States . Montgomery is currently declining at a rate of -0.19% annually and its population has decreased by -3.88% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 205,764 in 2010. Montgomery reached it's highest population of 205,593 in 2010. Spanning over 162 miles, Montgomery has a population density of 1,237 people per square mile.

The average household income in Montgomery is $68,149 with a poverty rate of 20.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $881 per month, and the median house value is $121,200. The median age in Montgomery is 35.7 years, 33.6 years for males, and 37.5 years for females.

The city has won multiple awards throughout its history, including being named All-America City, being listed as one of the top cities for job growth, and named the “happiest city in Alabama.”

Montgomery Population Statistics

Over 21% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The city’s crime rates fall below the state and national averages for violent crimes but have a higher percentage of property crimes.

Montgomery Population Growth and Loss

Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 2.8% since the last census after experiencing years of growth. However, with the many educational and employment opportunities, its military presence and its culture and recent city revitalization projects, there is no indicating that this downward trend will continue.

Montgomery Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Montgomery was:

  • Black or African American: 60.80%
  • White: 32.64%
  • Asian: 2.93%
  • Two or more races: 1.93%
  • Other race: 1.52%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Montgomery, Alabama is 197,777 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 198,899.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 205,764.

Montgomery, Alabama Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021373,8262680.07%
2020373,5582680.07%
2019373,2902680.07%
2018373,022-1,152-0.31%
2017374,1743090.08%
2016373,8655000.13%
2015373,365-111-0.03%
2014373,476-638-0.17%
2013374,114-758-0.20%
2012374,872-677-0.18%
2011375,5494300.11%
2010375,1190.00%

Montgomery Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American121,46760.80%
White65,20432.64%
Asian5,8462.93%
Two or More Races3,8531.93%
Some Other Race3,0431.52%
American Indian and Alaska Native3530.18%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander170.01%
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Montgomery Population by Race

Montgomery Population Pyramid $2021

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Montgomery Median Age

35.7


Total

33.6


Male

37.5


Female

Montgomery Adults

There are 152,305 adults, (28,562 of whom are seniors) in Montgomery.

Montgomery Age Dependency

61.4

Age Dependency Ratio

23.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Montgomery Sex Ratio

Female

106,198

53.16%

Male

93,585

46.84%

Montgomery Population by Age

Montgomery Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Montgomery Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.5%22.5%
All55.1%44.9%
Male47.8%52.2%
Non Family45.1%54.9%
Female38.9%61.1%

55.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Montgomery Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All79,3062.4455.1
Non Family31,7601.1945.1
Married27,0853.1577.5
Female16,2563.4738.9
Male4,2053.3447.8

3.18

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

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Montgomery Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,4784.17%
9th to 12th Grade12,5769.58%
High School Graduate32,81324.99%
Some College28,32521.57%
Associates Degree9,0816.92%
Bachelors Degree25,43319.37%
Graduate Degree17,61313.41%
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Montgomery Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Montgomery Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black75,64062,18717,722
White46,84844,12521,830
Asian4,0223,6112,188
Hispanic3,1851,870662
2+ Races1,4891,344647
Other Race1,147648178
Native American22116158
Islander171313

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.19%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 76.47%.

Montgomery Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,363$39,701$30,461
Less Than 9th Grade$20,534$23,083$16,741
High School Graduate$24,750$27,933$21,728
Some College$30,496$36,012$26,390
Bachelors Degree$44,821$54,607$38,473
Graduate Degree$58,817$82,096$51,069

$33,363

Average Earnings

$39,701

Average Male

$30,461

Average Female

Montgomery Earnings by Educational Attainment

Montgomery Language by Age

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Montgomery Language

93.51% of Montgomery residents speak only English, while 6.49% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.83% of the population.

Montgomery Language

Montgomery Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black117,19331,11426.55%
White59,1464,4017.44%
Hispanic7,0832,98842.19%
Other3,0021,28342.74%
Asian5,80382314.18%
Multiple3,66155215.08%
Native332298.73%

20.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.05%

Male Poverty Rate

22.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Montgomery

The race most likely to be in poverty in Montgomery is Other, with 42.74% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Montgomery is White, with 7.44% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.10%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.05%.

Montgomery Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.04%
High School21.26%
Some College13.66%
Bachelors or Greater4.35%

Montgomery Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed44.18%
Male Unemployed31.81%
Female Employed12.35%
Male Employed7.36%

Montgomery Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Montgomery Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$48,011$68,149
Families$59,347$82,204
Married Families$87,526$110,556
Non Families$32,081$45,196
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Income by Household Type

Montgomery Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

36.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.9%

Male Marriage Rate

33.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Montgomery Married by Age and Sex

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Montgomery Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Montgomery Marital Status by Race

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Montgomery Marital Status

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14,658

Number of Veterans

12,322

Male Veterans

2,336

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,814
First Gulf War4,601
Second Gulf War3,975
Korea947
World War II232

Montgomery Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,103
55 to 643,753
65 to 743,073
75+2,355
18 to 341,374

Montgomery Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black7,8088.71%
White6,37812.03%
2+ Races25213.74%
Hispanic2115.70%
Other Race1158.30%
Asian932.13%
Native American124.23%

Montgomery Veterans by Race

Montgomery Veterans by Education

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7.07%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.35%

Veteran Disability Rate

Montgomery Veterans by Education

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61.1%

Labor Force Participation

55.9%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Montgomery Employment by Age

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Montgomery Employment by Race

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Montgomery Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.52%

Born in Montgomery

95.05%

Native Born

4.95%

Foreign Born

3.22%

Non Citizen

1.73%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

95.05% of Montgomery residents were born in the United States, with 71.52% having been born in Alabama. 3.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Montgomery Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021197,777-374-0.19%
2020198,151-374-0.19%
2019198,525-374-0.19%
2018198,899-1,148-0.57%
2017200,047-394-0.20%
2016200,441-577-0.29%
2015201,018-417-0.21%
2014201,435-1,004-0.50%
2013202,439-1,507-0.74%
2012203,946-1,252-0.61%
2011205,198-395-0.19%
2010205,5934,0250.20%
2000201,56814,4620.75%
1990187,1069,2490.51%
1980177,85744,4712.92%
1970133,386-1,007-0.08%
1960134,39327,8682.35%
1950106,52528,4413.15%
194078,08412,0051.68%
193066,07922,6154.28%
192043,4645,3281.32%
191038,1367,7902.31%
190030,3468,4633.32%
189021,8835,1702.73%
188016,7136,1254.67%
187010,5881,7451.82%
18608,8431150.13%
18508,7286,52814.78%
18402,2000.00%

Montgomery Population by Year