Montgomery, Alabama Population 2020

197,282
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Montgomery is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 197,282, it is the 3rd largest city in Alabama (after and ) and the 128th largest city in the United States. Montgomery is currently declining at a rate of -0.24% annually and its population has decreased by -4.12% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 205,764 in 2010. Montgomery reached it's highest population of 205,593 in 2010. Spanning over 162 miles, Montgomery has a population density of 1,234 people per square mile.

The average household income in Montgomery is $65,986 with a poverty rate of 21.94%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $867 per month, and the median house value is $119,600. The median age in Montgomery is 35.3 years, 33.4 years for males, and 36.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 88.5 males.

The city has won multiple awards throughout its history, including being named All-America City, being listed as one of the top cities for job growth, and named the “happiest city in Alabama.”

Montgomery Population Statistics

Over 21% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. The city’s crime rates fall below the state and national averages for violent crimes but have a higher percentage of property crimes.

Montgomery Population Growth and Loss

Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 2.8% since the last census after experiencing years of growth. However, with the many educational and employment opportunities, its military presence and its culture and recent city revitalization projects, there is no indicating that this downward trend will continue.

Montgomery Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Montgomery was:

  • Black or African American: 60.64%
  • White: 33.27%
  • Asian: 2.83%
  • Two or more races: 1.86%
  • Other race: 1.22%
  • Native American: 0.17%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Montgomery, Alabama is 197,282, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 198,218.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 205,764.

Montgomery, Alabama Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020371,591-817-0.22%
2019372,408-817-0.22%
2018373,225-817-0.22%
2017374,0422120.06%
2016373,8304710.13%
2015373,359-129-0.03%
2014373,488-632-0.17%
2013374,120-746-0.20%
2012374,866-658-0.18%
2011375,5243940.10%
2010375,1300.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American121,38160.64%
White66,58633.27%
Asian5,6552.83%
Two or More Races3,7231.86%
Some Other Race2,4431.22%
American Indian and Alaska Native3410.17%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander270.01%
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Montgomery Population Pyramid 2020

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Montgomery Median Age

35.3


Total

33.4


Male

36.8


Female

Montgomery Adults

There are 152,151 adults, (27,434 of whom are seniors) in Montgomery.

Montgomery Age Dependency

60.5

Age Dependency Ratio

22

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Montgomery Sex Ratio

Female

106,156

53.04%

Male

94,000

46.96%

Montgomery Households and Families

Montgomery Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Montgomery Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76%24%
All55.3%44.7%
Male51.4%48.6%
Non Family45.5%54.5%
Female40.1%59.9%

55.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All79,3682.4455.3
Non Family31,0491.1945.5
Married27,6083.1476
Female16,5493.4240.1
Male4,1623.2851.4

3.16

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

5.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Montgomery Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,8744.49%
9th to 12th Grade13,41510.26%
High School Graduate33,34625.51%
Some College28,01321.43%
Associates Degree8,7386.69%
Bachelors Degree24,45218.71%
Graduate Degree16,87112.91%
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Montgomery Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black74,74960,24916,502
White47,50944,39921,471
Asian3,8603,5152,203
Hispanic3,1331,884640
Multiple Races1,5121,390538
Other Race974543173
Native American19414714
Islander141010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.45%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 71.43%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,384$39,038$29,576
Less Than High School$20,183$22,505$14,398
High School Grad$23,594$28,556$20,540
Some College$30,544$36,405$26,250
Bachelors Degree$44,185$56,356$38,294
Graduate Degree$57,876$79,144$51,810

$32,384

Average Earnings

$39,038

Average Male

$29,576

Average Female

Montgomery Language

Montgomery Language by Age

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Montgomery Language

93.79% of Montgomery residents speak only English, while 6.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.69% of the population.

Montgomery Poverty

Montgomery Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black117,66433,74828.68%
White60,3664,7677.90%
Hispanic6,7662,89642.80%
Other2,40993538.81%
Asian5,58564111.48%
Multiple3,44358917.11%
Native32741.22%

21.94%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.19%

Male Poverty Rate

23.46%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Montgomery

The race most likely to be in poverty in Montgomery is Hispanic, with 42.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Montgomery is Native, with 1.22% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.83%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.18%
High School22.18%
Some College13.93%
Bachelors or Greater4.60%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.96%
Male Unemployed41.91%
Female Employed13.06%
Male Employed8.37%

Montgomery Income

Montgomery Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,921$65,986
Families$57,358$79,012
Married Families$85,485$106,552
Non Families$30,893$43,743
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Montgomery Marital Status

Montgomery Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

37.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.6%

Male Marriage Rate

34.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Montgomery Married by Age and Sex

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Montgomery Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Montgomery Marital Status by Race

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Montgomery Veterans

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14,289

Number of Veterans

12,300

Male Veterans

1,989

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,904
First Gulf War4,593
Second Gulf War3,521
Korea1,016
World War II227
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,147
55 to 643,579
65 to 742,942
75+2,353
18 to 341,268
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Name Veterans % of Total
Black7,5658.48%
White6,28811.68%
Hispanic2156.00%
2 or More20011.06%
Asian1052.51%
Other1008.57%
Indian3111.57%

Montgomery Veterans by Education

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6.95%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.55%

Veteran Disability Rate

Montgomery Employment Status

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61.7%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

7.9%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.95%

Born in Alabama

95.05%

Native Born

4.95%

Foreign Born

3.22%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.05% of Montgomery residents were born in the United States, with 71.95% having been born in Alabama. 3.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020197,282-468-0.24%
2019197,750-468-0.24%
2018198,218-1,674-0.84%
2017199,892-468-0.23%
2016200,360-633-0.31%
2015200,993-442-0.22%
2014201,435-991-0.49%
2013202,426-1,511-0.74%
2012203,937-1,243-0.61%
2011205,180-413-0.20%
2010205,5934,0250.20%
2000201,56814,4620.75%
1990187,1069,2490.51%
1980177,85744,4712.92%
1970133,386-1,007-0.08%
1960134,39327,8682.35%
1950106,52528,4413.15%
194078,08412,0051.68%
193066,07922,6154.28%
192043,4645,3281.32%
191038,1367,7902.31%
190030,3468,4633.32%
189021,8835,1702.73%
188016,7136,1254.67%
187010,5881,7451.82%
18608,8431150.13%
18508,7286,52814.78%
18402,2000.00%