New Haven, Connecticut Population 2024

139,283

New Haven is a city located in New Haven County Connecticut. New Haven has a 2024 population of 139,283. New Haven is currently growing at a rate of 0.13% annually and its population has increased by 3.97% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 133,959 in 2020.

The average household income in New Haven is $82,869 with a poverty rate of 25.27%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in New Haven is 31 years, 30.5 years for males, and 31.6 years for females.

New Haven is part of the New York metro area, and it’s also the second largest city in Connecticut by population. What’s most notable about New Haven is that it was the first planned city in the United States. Throughout its long history, New Haven has grown to become a city with a strong economy and its many attractions including theaters, museums, and other venues.

New Haven Population Statistics

The city’s economy is reliant on the services industry, which accounts for about 56% of the total economy. The city’s largest employer is Yale University. Other top employers in New Haven include New Haven Hospital, Southern Connecticut State University, and Assa Abloy.

New Haven Population Growth

Beginning in the 18th century, New Haven experienced many years of significant growth. By 1870, there were over 50,000 residents. By 1900, this number had more than doubled. The city’s population continued to grow and reached its peak at the time of the 1950 census with over 160,000 residents. However, high crime rates and job losses resulted in losses throughout the next few decades, bringing the population to a low of 123,626 in the year 2000. However, the population had risen once again when the 2010 census was taken, and recent estimates show that the community has grown by 0.1% since the last census. Though this increase is small, it indicates that efforts to revitalize the city could be working to help drive up population numbers once again.

The Quinnipiac tribe first inhabited the region that is now the city of New Haven. The Dutch arrived in the area in the early 1600s and set up a trading post but did not settle the area. It was in the 1630s when a group of Puritans arrived, and the next year, 500 more came to the city. The original tribes inhabiting the area sold their land to the Puritans in exchange for protection from the Pequot tribe.

During the next decade, plans for a town were put in place, making New Haven the first planned city in the United States. At the time, it was Newhaven and was the location of the New Haven Colony headquarters. It was during the 1660s when New Haven merged with the Connecticut Colony. In the early 1700s, the city was made co-capital of Connecticut and held this role until the 1870s.

The Collegiate School relocated to New Haven during the early 1700s. This school was later renamed to Yale, one of the most prestigious universities in the country today. Later that century, in 1784, New Haven was incorporated as a city.

It was during the late 1700s when the city became an industrial powerhouse, primarily due to the inventions of Eli Whitney, who had graduated from Yale. In addition to the cotton gin, Whitney also established a gun manufacturing factory in the city, which today is the Eli Whitney Museum.

In the 19th century, the city continued to thrive, especially during the Civil War as the military purchased industrial goods from the cities. The city continued to grow following the war and doubled by the 20th century, fueled by an influx of European immigrants. Population further grew when more African Americans and Puerto Ricans moved to the city, bringing the population to its peak following World War II.

The city expanded with the development of residential housing in the 1950s throughout the suburbs. It was also during this decade that the mayor launched urban renewal projects, some of the first in the country. However, the city continued to see population loss as well as an increase in crime.

In the 2000s, New Haven’s downtown has added retail shops, restaurants, and other businesses. Updated condos and apartments have also been added. Because of these efforts, the city’s population is once again rising.

New Haven Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Haven was:

  • White: 41.9%
  • Black or African American: 29.91%
  • Other race: 13.78%
  • Two or more races: 9.04%
  • Asian: 5.08%
  • Native American: 0.3%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
18.7 sq mi
Density (mi²)
7,452.30/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
3.97% (5,324)
The current population of New Haven, Connecticut is 139,283 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 133,959.

New Haven, Connecticut Population 2024

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

New Haven Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White56,86741.9%
Black or African American40,59229.91%
Other race18,70113.78%
Two or more races12,2749.04%
Asian6,8965.08%
Native American4060.3%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Other race

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

New Haven Population by Race

New Haven Population Pyramid 2024

New Haven Median Age

31

Total

30.5

Male

31.6

Female

New Haven Adults

There are 105,900 adults, (14,630 of whom are seniors) in New Haven.

New Haven Age Dependency

48.7

Age Dependency Ratio

16

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.7

Child Dependency Ratio

New Haven Sex Ratio

Female71,91552.98%
Male63,82147.02%

New Haven Population by Age

New Haven Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All52,9772.3728.671.4
Non Family26,2001.341981
Married13,1913.2753.346.7
Female10,8003.5922.377.8
Male2,7863.1427.572.5
showing: 5 rows

3.25

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

28.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

New Haven Households and Families

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

New Haven Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New Haven Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 93.81%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 77.99%.

New Haven Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

$41,743

Average Earnings

$44,418

Average Male

$39,236

Average Female

New Haven Earnings by Educational Attainment

New Haven Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

New Haven Language

66.72% of New Haven residents speak only English, while 33.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.9% of the population.

New Haven Language

New Haven Poverty by Race

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic39,98512,33430.85%
Black38,88010,70227.53%
White38,8417,01818.07%
Other18,1076,22734.39%
Multiple11,6573,56730.6%
Asian5,9341,54426.02%
Native31716050.47%
showing: 7 rows

25.27%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.81%

Male Poverty Rate

26.55%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Haven

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Haven is Native, with 50.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Haven is White, with 18.07% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.09%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.46%.

New Haven Poverty

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade36.66%
High School24.82%
Some College20%
Bachelors or Greater11.8%
showing: 4 rows

New Haven Poverty Rate by Education

rate

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed48.18%
Male Unemployed47.39%
Female Employed12.88%
Male Employed8.41%
showing: 4 rows

New Haven Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New Haven Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

mean

median

Income by Household Type

New Haven Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

26.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.8%

Male Marriage Rate

24.6%

Female Marriage Rate

New Haven Married by Age and Sex

male

female

New Haven Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

New Haven Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

New Haven Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

2,133

Number of Veterans

1,959

Male Veterans

174

Female Veterans

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

New Haven Veterans by War

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

New Haven Veterans by Age

count

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

New Haven Veterans by Race

New Haven Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

16.53%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.43%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Haven Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

64.6%

Labor Force Participation

59.5%

Employment Rate

7.8%

Unemployment Rate

New Haven Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

New Haven Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

New Haven Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

48.77%

Born in New Haven

82.5%

Native Born

17.5%

Foreign Born

11.14%

Non Citizen

6.36%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

82.5% of New Haven residents were born in the United States, with 48.77% having been born in Connecticut. 11.14% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

New Haven Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029140,2031840.13%
2028140,0191840.13%
2027139,8351840.13%
2026139,6511840.13%
2025139,4671840.13%
2024139,2831840.13%
2023139,0991840.13%
2022138,9151840.13%
2021138,7314,7723.56%
2020133,9593,8712.98%
2019130,0881300.1%
2018129,958-684-0.52%
2017130,6422120.16%
2016130,430260.02%
2015130,404-219-0.17%
2014130,623-287-0.22%
2013130,910-206-0.16%
2012131,1162810.21%
2011130,8351,0380.8%
2010129,7976,1714.99%
2000123,626-6,848-5.25%
1990130,4744,3853.48%
1980126,089-11,618-8.44%
1970137,707-14,341-9.43%
1960152,048-12,395-7.54%
1950164,4433,8382.39%
1940160,605-2,050-1.26%
1930162,6551180.07%
1920162,53728,93221.65%
1910133,60525,57823.68%
1900108,02721,98225.55%
189086,04523,16336.84%
188062,88212,04223.69%
187050,84011,57329.47%
186039,26718,92293.01%
185020,3457,38556.98%
184012,9602,78027.31%
183010,1803,03342.44%
18207,1471,37523.82%
18105,7721,72342.55%
18004,049-438-9.76%
17904,487
showing: 42 rows

New Haven Population by Year