New Haven, Connecticut Population 2021

130,764
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New Haven is a city located in New Haven County Connecticut. It is also the county seat of New Haven County. With a 2020 population of 130,764, it is the 2nd largest city in Connecticut (after ) and the 212th largest city in the United States . New Haven is currently growing at a rate of 0.20% annually and its population has increased by 0.76% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 129,779 in 2010. New Haven reached it's highest population of 164,443 in 1950. Spanning over 20 miles, New Haven has a population density of 6,996 people per square mile.

The average household income in New Haven is $65,362 with a poverty rate of 26.54%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,196 per month, and the median house value is $199,000. The median age in New Haven is 30.8 years, 29.6 years for males, and 32.1 years for females.

New Haven is part of the New York metro area, and it’s also the second largest city in Connecticut by population. What’s most notable about New Haven is that it was the first planned city in the United States. Throughout its long history, New Haven has grown to become a city with a strong economy and its many attractions including theaters, museums, and other venues.

New Haven Population Statistics

The city’s economy is reliant on the services industry, which accounts for about 56% of the total economy. The city’s largest employer is Yale University. Other top employers in New Haven include New Haven Hospital, Southern Connecticut State University, and Assa Abloy.

New Haven Population Growth

Beginning in the 18th century, New Haven experienced many years of significant growth. By 1870, there were over 50,000 residents. By 1900, this number had more than doubled. The city’s population continued to grow and reached its peak at the time of the 1950 census with over 160,000 residents. However, high crime rates and job losses resulted in losses throughout the next few decades, bringing the population to a low of 123,626 in the year 2000. However, the population had risen once again when the 2010 census was taken, and recent estimates show that the community has grown by 0.1% since the last census. Though this increase is small, it indicates that efforts to revitalize the city could be working to help drive up population numbers once again.

The Quinnipiac tribe first inhabited the region that is now the city of New Haven. The Dutch arrived in the area in the early 1600s and set up a trading post but did not settle the area. It was in the 1630s when a group of Puritans arrived, and the next year, 500 more came to the city. The original tribes inhabiting the area sold their land to the Puritans in exchange for protection from the Pequot tribe.

During the next decade, plans for a town were put in place, making New Haven the first planned city in the United States. At the time, it was Newhaven and was the location of the New Haven Colony headquarters. It was during the 1660s when New Haven merged with the Connecticut Colony. In the early 1700s, the city was made co-capital of Connecticut and held this role until the 1870s.

The Collegiate School relocated to New Haven during the early 1700s. This school was later renamed to Yale, one of the most prestigious universities in the country today. Later that century, in 1784, New Haven was incorporated as a city.

It was during the late 1700s when the city became an industrial powerhouse, primarily due to the inventions of Eli Whitney, who had graduated from Yale. In addition to the cotton gin, Whitney also established a gun manufacturing factory in the city, which today is the Eli Whitney Museum.

In the 19th century, the city continued to thrive, especially during the Civil War as the military purchased industrial goods from the cities. The city continued to grow following the war and doubled by the 20th century, fueled by an influx of European immigrants. Population further grew when more African Americans and Puerto Ricans moved to the city, bringing the population to its peak following World War II.

The city expanded with the development of residential housing in the 1950s throughout the suburbs. It was also during this decade that the mayor launched urban renewal projects, some of the first in the country. However, the city continued to see population loss as well as an increase in crime.

In the 2000s, New Haven’s downtown has added retail shops, restaurants, and other businesses. Updated condos and apartments have also been added. Because of these efforts, the city’s population is once again rising.

New Haven Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Haven was:

  • White: 44.39%
  • Black or African American: 32.64%
  • Other race: 13.11%
  • Asian: 5.02%
  • Two or more races: 4.40%
  • Native American: 0.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of New Haven, Connecticut is 130,764 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 129,993.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 129,779.

New Haven, Connecticut Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021850,329-2,214-0.26%
2020852,543-2,214-0.26%
2019854,757-2,214-0.26%
2018856,971-777-0.09%
2017857,748-153-0.02%
2016857,901-2,285-0.27%
2015860,186-2,699-0.31%
2014862,885650.01%
2013862,820-1,746-0.20%
2012864,5666950.08%
2011863,8715140.06%
2010863,3570.00%

New Haven Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White57,85944.39%
Black or African American42,53832.64%
Some Other Race17,09013.11%
Asian6,5375.02%
Two or More Races5,7364.40%
American Indian and Alaska Native5560.43%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander150.01%
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New Haven Population by Race

New Haven Population Pyramid $2021

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New Haven Median Age

30.8


Total

29.6


Male

32.1


Female

New Haven Adults

There are 100,915 adults, (13,411 of whom are seniors) in New Haven.

New Haven Age Dependency

48.9

Age Dependency Ratio

15.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.6

Child Dependency Ratio

New Haven Sex Ratio

Female

68,405

52.49%

Male

61,926

47.51%

New Haven Population by Age

New Haven Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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New Haven Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married48.1%51.9%
Male29.3%70.7%
All28%72%
Female22%78%
Non Family20.4%79.6%

28.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Haven Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All49,1772.4628
Non Family23,8821.3320.4
Married12,0993.4648.1
Female10,8593.5822
Male2,3373.5529.3

3.37

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

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New Haven Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,5995.71%
9th to 12th Grade7,0238.71%
High School Graduate25,94232.18%
Some College11,29814.02%
Associates Degree3,6304.50%
Bachelors Degree12,65915.70%
Graduate Degree15,45619.17%
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New Haven Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New Haven Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White27,26025,54316,133
Black25,47422,2045,070
Hispanic22,36115,8443,041
Other Race9,7876,7441,021
Asian4,3584,2203,431
2+ Races2,3962,039729
Native American31027941
Islander1515

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 78.73%.

New Haven Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,662$38,878$33,353
Less Than 9th Grade$22,592$25,699$17,218
High School Graduate$27,700$31,086$25,071
Some College$34,580$36,724$34,079
Bachelors Degree$43,526$53,263$36,684
Graduate Degree$62,340$67,306$59,182

$35,662

Average Earnings

$38,878

Average Male

$33,353

Average Female

New Haven Earnings by Educational Attainment

New Haven Language by Age

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New Haven Language

64.06% of New Haven residents speak only English, while 35.94% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 26.69% of the population.

New Haven Language

New Haven Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black41,16312,58030.56%
Hispanic39,24311,07028.21%
White33,9267,10220.93%
Other16,5205,19231.43%
Multiple5,2861,52328.81%
Asian5,55296217.33%
Native52219136.59%

26.54%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.03%

Male Poverty Rate

27.89%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Haven

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Haven is Native, with 36.59% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Haven is Asian, with 17.33% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.03%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.96%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.39%.

New Haven Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.78%
High School26.09%
Some College18.31%
Bachelors or Greater12.76%

New Haven Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed49.66%
Male Unemployed37.79%
Female Employed14.32%
Male Employed10.31%

New Haven Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New Haven Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$42,222$65,362
Families$49,929$77,274
Married Families$81,043$112,993
Non Families$32,136$49,875
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Income by Household Type

New Haven Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

26.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.1%

Male Marriage Rate

24.4%

Female Marriage Rate

New Haven Married by Age and Sex

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New Haven Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

New Haven Marital Status by Race

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New Haven Marital Status

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2,851

Number of Veterans

2,566

Male Veterans

285

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,058
Second Gulf War557
First Gulf War529
Korea193
World War II113

New Haven Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74831
35 to 54670
75+526
55 to 64413
18 to 34411

New Haven Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,7013.53%
Black9242.97%
Hispanic5531.98%
Other Race1361.17%
Native American367.19%
Asian310.52%
2+ Races230.66%

New Haven Veterans by Race

New Haven Veterans by Education

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12.15%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Haven Veterans by Education

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64%

Labor Force Participation

58.2%

Employment Rate

9%

Unemployment Rate

New Haven Employment by Age

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New Haven Employment by Race

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New Haven Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.47%

Born in New Haven

82.16%

Native Born

17.84%

Foreign Born

12.50%

Non Citizen

5.35%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

82.16% of New Haven residents were born in the United States, with 48.47% having been born in Connecticut. 12.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

New Haven Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021130,7642570.20%
2020130,5072570.20%
2019130,2502570.20%
2018129,993-660-0.51%
2017130,6532360.18%
2016130,417340.03%
2015130,383-228-0.17%
2014130,611-295-0.23%
2013130,906-208-0.16%
2012131,1142690.21%
2011130,8451,0290.79%
2010129,8166,1900.49%
2000123,626-6,848-0.54%
1990130,4744,3850.34%
1980126,089-11,618-0.88%
1970137,707-14,341-0.99%
1960152,048-12,395-0.78%
1950164,4433,8380.24%
1940160,605-2,050-0.13%
1930162,6551180.01%
1920162,53728,9321.98%
1910133,60525,5782.15%
1900108,02721,9822.30%
189086,04523,1633.19%
188062,88212,0422.15%
187050,84011,5732.62%
186039,26718,9226.80%
185020,3457,3854.61%
184012,9602,7802.44%
183010,1803,0333.60%
18207,1471,3752.16%
18105,7721,7233.61%
18004,049-438-1.02%
17904,4870.00%

New Haven Population by Year