New Haven, Connecticut Population 2020

130,850

New Haven is a city located in Connecticut. With a 2020 population of 130,850, it is the 3rd largest city in Connecticut (after and ) and the 213th largest city in the United States. New Haven is currently growing at a rate of 0.17% annually and its population has increased by 0.83% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 129,779 in 2010. New Haven reached it's highest population of 164,443 in 1950. Spanning over 20 miles, New Haven has a population density of 7,001 people per square mile.

The average household income in New Haven is $63,189 with a poverty rate of 25.86%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,179 per month, and the median house value is $196,600. The median age in New Haven is 30.6 years, 29.3 years for males, and 31.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 89.7 males.

New Haven is part of the New York metro area, and it’s also the second largest city in Connecticut by population. What’s most notable about New Haven is that it was the first planned city in the United States. Throughout its long history, New Haven has grown to become a city with a strong economy and its many attractions including theaters, museums, and other venues.

New Haven Population Statistics

The city’s economy is reliant on the services industry, which accounts for about 56% of the total economy. The city’s largest employer is Yale University. Other top employers in New Haven include New Haven Hospital, Southern Connecticut State University, and Assa Abloy.

New Haven Population Growth

Beginning in the 18th century, New Haven experienced many years of significant growth. By 1870, there were over 50,000 residents. By 1900, this number had more than doubled. The city’s population continued to grow and reached its peak at the time of the 1950 census with over 160,000 residents. However, high crime rates and job losses resulted in losses throughout the next few decades, bringing the population to a low of 123,626 in the year 2000. However, the population had risen once again when the 2010 census was taken, and recent estimates show that the community has grown by 0.1% since the last census. Though this increase is small, it indicates that efforts to revitalize the city could be working to help drive up population numbers once again.

The Quinnipiac tribe first inhabited the region that is now the city of New Haven. The Dutch arrived in the area in the early 1600s and set up a trading post but did not settle the area. It was in the 1630s when a group of Puritans arrived, and the next year, 500 more came to the city. The original tribes inhabiting the area sold their land to the Puritans in exchange for protection from the Pequot tribe.

During the next decade, plans for a town were put in place, making New Haven the first planned city in the United States. At the time, it was Newhaven and was the location of the New Haven Colony headquarters. It was during the 1660s when New Haven merged with the Connecticut Colony. In the early 1700s, the city was made co-capital of Connecticut and held this role until the 1870s.

The Collegiate School relocated to New Haven during the early 1700s. This school was later renamed to Yale, one of the most prestigious universities in the country today. Later that century, in 1784, New Haven was incorporated as a city.

It was during the late 1700s when the city became an industrial powerhouse, primarily due to the inventions of Eli Whitney, who had graduated from Yale. In addition to the cotton gin, Whitney also established a gun manufacturing factory in the city, which today is the Eli Whitney Museum.

In the 19th century, the city continued to thrive, especially during the Civil War as the military purchased industrial goods from the cities. The city continued to grow following the war and doubled by the 20th century, fueled by an influx of European immigrants. Population further grew when more African Americans and Puerto Ricans moved to the city, bringing the population to its peak following World War II.

The city expanded with the development of residential housing in the 1950s throughout the suburbs. It was also during this decade that the mayor launched urban renewal projects, some of the first in the country. However, the city continued to see population loss as well as an increase in crime.

In the 2000s, New Haven’s downtown has added retail shops, restaurants, and other businesses. Updated condos and apartments have also been added. Because of these efforts, the city’s population is once again rising.

New Haven Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Haven was:

  • White: 44.14%
  • Black or African American: 32.96%
  • Other race: 13.47%
  • Asian: 4.72%
  • Two or more races: 4.27%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of New Haven, Connecticut is 130,850, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 130,418.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 129,779.

New Haven, Connecticut Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020857,272-174-0.02%
2019857,446-174-0.02%
2018857,620-174-0.02%
2017857,794-197-0.02%
2016857,991-2,301-0.27%
2015860,292-2,704-0.31%
2014862,9961070.01%
2013862,889-1,700-0.20%
2012864,5897620.09%
2011863,8274450.05%
2010863,3820.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White57,61444.14%
Black or African American43,02832.96%
Some Other Race17,58113.47%
Asian6,1554.72%
Two or More Races5,5724.27%
American Indian and Alaska Native5390.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander400.03%

New Haven Population Pyramid 2020

New Haven Median Age

30.6


Total

29.3


Male

31.8


Female

New Haven Adults

There are 100,908 adults, (13,140 of whom are seniors) in New Haven.

New Haven Age Dependency

48.7

Age Dependency Ratio

15

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.7

Child Dependency Ratio

New Haven Sex Ratio

Female

68,814

52.72%

Male

61,715

47.28%

New Haven Households and Families

New Haven Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New Haven Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married49.6%50.4%
Male30.8%69.2%
All27.6%72.4%
Non Family20.2%79.8%
Female19.7%80.3%

27.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All49,7702.4327.6
Non Family25,4551.3220.2
Married11,9043.5749.6
Female10,2573.6319.7
Male2,1543.6230.8

3.45

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New Haven Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,9306.11%
9th to 12th Grade7,0068.69%
High School Graduate25,31931.39%
Some College11,33714.06%
Associates Degree3,5344.38%
Bachelors Degree12,86815.95%
Graduate Degree15,66419.42%

New Haven Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White28,40726,43116,694
Black25,90122,1065,194
Hispanic21,09515,1132,750
Other Race9,8856,8511,001
Asian4,0903,9443,276
Multiple Races2,1221,862686
Native American30927735
Islander404025

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 80.10%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,492$36,596$32,689
Less Than High School$20,486$22,369$16,518
High School Grad$26,915$28,995$25,079
Some College$32,755$33,843$32,504
Bachelors Degree$43,309$51,841$37,233
Graduate Degree$59,137$63,294$55,795

$34,492

Average Earnings

$36,596

Average Male

$32,689

Average Female

New Haven Language

New Haven Language by Age

New Haven Language

65.33% of New Haven residents speak only English, while 34.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 25.63% of the population.

New Haven Poverty

New Haven Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black41,57311,61327.93%
Hispanic38,13111,26329.54%
White35,1987,30220.75%
Other17,0475,30731.13%
Multiple5,0801,45528.64%
Asian5,1491,06220.63%
Native50922143.42%
Islander402562.50%

25.86%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.63%

Male Poverty Rate

26.96%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Haven

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Haven is Islander, with 62.50% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Haven is Asian, with 20.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.61%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.19%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 42.62%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.08%
High School25.04%
Some College19.13%
Bachelors or Greater12.05%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.83%
Male Unemployed40.82%
Female Employed13.59%
Male Employed10.02%

New Haven Income

New Haven Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$41,142$63,189
Families$49,239$76,155
Married Families$77,332$109,938
Non Families$30,954$48,317

New Haven Marital Status

New Haven Marital Status

Marriage Rates

26.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.5%

Male Marriage Rate

24.4%

Female Marriage Rate

New Haven Married by Age and Sex

New Haven Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

New Haven Marital Status by Race

New Haven Veterans

3,039

Number of Veterans

2,697

Male Veterans

342

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,007
Second Gulf War558
First Gulf War458
Korea280
World War II115
Name Veterans % of Total
White1,8563.86%
Black1,0643.39%
Hispanic4441.67%
Other460.39%
Indian357.38%
2 or More230.68%
Asian150.27%

$New Haven Veterans by Education

14.03%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.28%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Haven Employment Status

64.3%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

9.8%

Unemployment Rate

New Haven Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

49.16%

Born in Connecticut

83.41%

Native Born

16.59%

Foreign Born

12.03%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

83.41% of New Haven residents were born in the United States, with 49.16% having been born in Connecticut. 12.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020130,8502160.17%
2019130,6342160.17%
2018130,418-222-0.17%
2017130,6402160.17%
2016130,424330.03%
2015130,391-227-0.17%
2014130,618-297-0.23%
2013130,915-202-0.15%
2012131,1172780.21%
2011130,8391,0220.79%
2010129,8176,1910.49%
2000123,626-6,848-0.54%
1990130,4744,3850.34%
1980126,089-11,618-0.88%
1970137,707-14,341-0.99%
1960152,048-12,395-0.78%
1950164,4433,8380.24%
1940160,605-2,050-0.13%
1930162,6551180.01%
1920162,53728,9321.98%
1910133,60525,5782.15%
1900108,02721,9822.30%
189086,04523,1633.19%
188062,88212,0422.15%
187050,84011,5732.62%
186039,26718,9226.80%
185020,3457,3854.61%
184012,9602,7802.44%
183010,1803,0333.60%
18207,1471,3752.16%
18105,7721,7233.61%
18004,049-438-1.02%
17904,4870.00%