New York City, New York Population 2021

8,230,290
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Since the first US census in 1790, it has held that position and continues to have more than double the population of Los Angeles, the second largest city. Chicago is the third largest city in the US but has just 1/3 the number of people as New York City.

New York City continues to have significant influence and impact on the world’s economy, entertainment, media, education, art, technology, and scientific research.

Boroughs in New York City

The city features five separate boroughs: Staten Island, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. As many as 800 languages are spoken throughout New York City, making it the most diverse city in the world when it comes to linguistic multiplicity.

Recent Boroughs Population Increases

The most significant increase in New York City’s population occurred in the borough of Brooklyn, which showed a population increase of 5.3% between the 2010 census and 2016 estimates. The second most substantial change is in the Bronx, which reflected a 5.1% increase, followed by Queens (4.9%), Manhattan (3.7%) and Staten Island (1.2%).

New York City Life Expectancy

The latest research shows that people who live in New York City have a higher life expectancy than the rest of the country. In 2010, the life expectancy of a person living in New York City was 80.9 years of age. This is 2.2 years longer than the life expectancy of the entire country, which is 78.7 years of age. That increase in life expectancy is 2 percent higher than the previous year (2009). This research was completed by New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and the city’s Department of Health.

New York City Population Statistics

The income disparity between the citizens of New York City is vast. According to the latest census, the median household income for a wealthy citizen was $188,697 per year, and the poorest median income was reported at $9,320. This city houses the highest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world. Moscow, Russia, follows in a close second.

New York City has the highest population density in the US, far ahead of second place San Francisco. Overall, 26,403 people live in each square mile, and in Manhattan, that number is over 66 thousand per square mile.

New York City's Population Projections

New York City's population is expected to reach 9 million by 2040, based on recent projections created by the city. Among the five boroughs, the Bronx's growth is projected to be the highest at 14% between 2010 and 2040. On the flip side, Manhattan is expected to grow by 6.7% by 2040.

If these projections are accurate, Brooklyn will extend its lead over Queens as the largest borough in New York City, growing to nearly 3 million by 2040.

The first recorded population count for New York City was 7,681 in 1698. The city grew at a moderate rate in the 18th century, but exploded in the 19th century, more than doubling in the final ten year period. The town of 80,000 in 1800 became a city of 3.4 million by the end of the 1800s. This growth continued until the 1930s but has tapered off in the 80 years since.

New York City officially crossed the 8 million mark for the first time in 2010, after seeing almost no net growth between 1950 and 2000. The city's population dropped by nearly a million during the 1970s due to migration to the suburbs, driven by increasing crime and decreasing economic prospects. The city rebounded throughout the 80s and has continued a slow upward climb in each census since.

New York City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New York City was:

  • White: 42.73%
  • Black or African American: 24.31%
  • Other race: 14.75%
  • Asian: 14.09%
  • Two or more races: 3.63%
  • Native American: 0.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of New York City, New York is 8,230,290based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 8,390,080.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 8,175,130.

New York City, New York Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202119,095,300-60,400-0.32%
202019,155,700-60,500-0.32%
201919,216,200-60,400-0.31%
201819,276,600-46,000-0.24%
201719,322,600-12,200-0.06%
201619,334,80013,8000.07%
201519,321,00040,1000.21%
201419,280,90054,5000.28%
201319,226,40076,7000.40%
201219,149,70096,9000.51%
201119,052,800129,4000.68%
201018,923,4000.00%

New York City Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White3,597,22142.73%
Black or African American2,046,87824.31%
Some Other Race1,241,61814.75%
Asian1,186,60614.09%
Two or More Races305,9483.63%
American Indian and Alaska Native36,2500.43%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,8020.06%
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New York City Population By Race

New York City Population Pyramid 2021

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New York City Median Age

36.7


Total

35.4


Male

38.1


Female

New York City Adults

There are 6,664,770 adults, (1,222,270 of whom are seniors) in New York City.

New York City Age Dependency

54.7

Age Dependency Ratio

22.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.2

Child Dependency Ratio

New York City Sex Ratio

Mujer

4,403,330

52.30%

Masculino

4,015,980

47.70%

New York City Population by Age

New York City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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New York City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married47.7%52.3%
All32.7%67.3%
Masculino29.3%70.7%
Mujer23.5%76.5%
Non Family23.4%76.6%

32.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

New York City Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,167,0302.632.7
Non Family1,279,0201.323.4
Married1,166,6203.5247.7
Mujer547,3793.4223.5
Masculino174,0183.3829.3

3.37

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

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New York City Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade550,1679.27%
9th to 12th Grade508,6858.57%
High School Graduate1,426,58024.04%
Some College812,54413.69%
Associates Degree375,9566.33%
Bachelors Degree1,315,73022.17%
Graduate Degree945,55215.93%
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New York City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New York City Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White2,052,7801,919,4701,220,320
Hispanic1,580,3501,088,740293,935
Black1,407,1501,174,970343,498
Asian880,829670,069373,898
Other Race784,847510,546113,329
2+ Races170,726138,62065,567
Native American24,49617,0964,320
Islander3,4882,868960

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.51%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 59.45%.

New York City Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$44,782$49,390$41,304
Less Than 9th Grade$22,125$25,737$18,286
High School Graduate$31,014$35,792$25,480
Some College$39,106$43,839$34,512
Bachelors Degree$62,926$69,939$57,271
Graduate Degree$81,701$95,522$74,412

$44,782

Average Earnings

$49,390

Average Male

$41,304

Average Female

New York City Earnings by Educational Attainment

New York City Language by Age

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New York City Language

51.50% of New York City residents speak only English, while 48.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.06% of the population.

New York City Language

New York City Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic2,413,090595,80224.69%
Black2,006,010423,78821.13%
Other1,228,350334,05927.20%
White2,650,260293,21411.06%
Asian1,172,890191,61316.34%
Multiple302,07354,36718.00%
Native35,7468,64024.17%
Islander4,61395520.70%

17.95%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.31%

Male Poverty Rate

19.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New York City

The race most likely to be in poverty in New York City is Other, with 27.20% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New York City is White, with 11.06% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.01%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.58%.

New York City Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.64%
High School18.64%
Some College14.11%
Bachelors or Greater6.45%

New York City Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed37.50%
Male Unemployed31.36%
Female Employed7.92%
Male Employed6.14%

New York City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New York City Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$63,998$102,946
Families$72,264$115,580
Married Families$96,092$146,634
Non Families$48,091$79,489
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Income by Household Type

New York City Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

New York City Married by Age and Sex

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New York City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

New York City Marital Status by Race

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New York City Marital Status

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150,924

Number of Veterans

138,332

Male Veterans

12,592

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam45,788
Second Gulf War26,291
First Gulf War20,595
Korea16,766
World War II8,905

New York City Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+47,871
65 to 7434,669
35 to 5429,811
55 to 6424,213
18 to 3414,360

New York City Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White84,9592.89%
Black43,1282.70%
Hispanic32,4061.77%
Other Race10,8081.18%
Asian6,4080.66%
2+ Races4,6912.32%
Native American7942.80%
Islander1363.50%

New York City Veterans by Race

New York City Veterans by Education

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11.07%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.34%

Veteran Disability Rate

New York City Veterans by Education

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63.7%

Labor Force Participation

59.6%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

New York City Employment by Age

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New York City Employment by Race

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New York City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.30%

Born in New York City

63.17%

Native Born

36.83%

Foreign Born

15.92%

Non Citizen

20.90%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

63.17% of New York City residents were born in the United States, with 48.30% having been born in New York. 15.92% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

New York City Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20218,230,290-53,260-0.64%
20208,283,550-53,270-0.64%
20198,336,820-53,260-0.63%
20188,390,080-47,400-0.56%
20178,437,480-31,670-0.37%
20168,469,1506,1000.07%
20158,463,05029,2400.35%
20148,433,81037,7200.45%
20138,396,09049,4000.59%
20128,346,69073,7400.89%
20118,272,95082,7401.01%
20108,190,210181,9300.22%
20008,008,280685,7200.90%
19907,322,560250,9200.35%
19807,071,640-823,920-1.10%
19707,895,560113,5800.15%
19607,781,980-109,980-0.14%
19507,891,960436,9600.57%
19407,455,000524,5500.73%
19306,930,4501,310,4002.12%
19205,620,050853,1701.66%
19104,766,8801,329,6803.32%
19003,437,2001,921,9008.54%
18901,515,300309,0002.31%
18801,206,300264,0082.50%
1870942,292128,6231.48%
1860813,669298,1224.67%
1850515,547202,8375.13%
1840312,710110,1214.44%
1830202,58978,8835.06%
1820123,70627,3332.53%
181096,37335,8584.76%
180060,51527,3846.21%
179033,1310.00%

New York City Population by Year