New York City, New York Population 2024

8,089,689

New York City is a city located in New York County New York. New York City has a 2024 population of 8,089,689. New York City is currently declining at a rate of -1.5% annually and its population has decreased by -7.45% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 8,740,647 in 2020.

The average household income in New York City is $122,667 with a poverty rate of 17.2%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in New York City is 37.5 years, 36.2 years for males, and 38.9 years for females.

Since the first US census in 1790, it has held that position and continues to have more than double the population of Los Angeles, the second largest city. Chicago is the third largest city in the US but has just 1/3 the number of people as New York City.

New York City continues to have significant influence and impact on the world’s economy, entertainment, media, education, art, technology, and scientific research.

Boroughs in New York City

The city features five separate boroughs: Staten Island, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. As many as 800 languages are spoken throughout New York City, making it the most diverse city in the world when it comes to linguistic multiplicity.

Recent Boroughs Population Increases

The most significant increase in New York City’s population occurred in the borough of Brooklyn, which showed a population increase of 5.3% between the 2010 census and 2016 estimates. The second most substantial change is in the Bronx, which reflected a 5.1% increase, followed by Queens (4.9%), Manhattan (3.7%) and Staten Island (1.2%).

New York City Life Expectancy

The latest research shows that people who live in New York City have a higher life expectancy than the rest of the country. In 2010, the life expectancy of a person living in New York City was 80.9 years of age. This is 2.2 years longer than the life expectancy of the entire country, which is 78.7 years of age. That increase in life expectancy is 2 percent higher than the previous year (2009). This research was completed by New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and the city’s Department of Health.

New York City Population Statistics

The income disparity between the citizens of New York City is vast. According to the latest census, the median household income for a wealthy citizen was $188,697 per year, and the poorest median income was reported at $9,320. This city houses the highest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world. Moscow, Russia, follows in a close second.

New York City has the highest population density in the US, far ahead of second place San Francisco. Overall, 26,403 people live in each square mile, and in Manhattan, that number is over 66 thousand per square mile.

New York City's Population Projections

New York City's population is expected to reach 9 million by 2040, based on recent projections created by the city. Among the five boroughs, the Bronx's growth is projected to be the highest at 14% between 2010 and 2040. On the flip side, Manhattan is expected to grow by 6.7% by 2040.

If these projections are accurate, Brooklyn will extend its lead over Queens as the largest borough in New York City, growing to nearly 3 million by 2040.

The first recorded population count for New York City was 7,681 in 1698. The city grew at a moderate rate in the 18th century, but exploded in the 19th century, more than doubling in the final ten year period. The town of 80,000 in 1800 became a city of 3.4 million by the end of the 1800s. This growth continued until the 1930s but has tapered off in the 80 years since.

New York City officially crossed the 8 million mark for the first time in 2010, after seeing almost no net growth between 1950 and 2000. The city's population dropped by nearly a million during the 1970s due to migration to the suburbs, driven by increasing crime and decreasing economic prospects. The city rebounded throughout the 80s and has continued a slow upward climb in each census since.

New York City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New York City was:

  • White: 37.47%
  • Black or African American: 23.1%
  • Other race: 15.38%
  • Asian: 14.47%
  • Two or more races: 8.9%
  • Native American: 0.61%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
Land Area (mi²)
300.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
26,931.60/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-7.45% (-650,958)
The current population of New York City, New York is 8,089,689 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 8,740,647.

New York City, New York Population 2024

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New York City Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White3,230,64737.47%
Black or African American1,992,20023.1%
Other race1,325,86615.38%
Asian1,247,99414.47%
Two or more races767,5018.9%
Native American52,8280.61%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander5,4310.06%
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Other race

Asian

Two or more races

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

New York City Population by Race

New York City Population Pyramid 2024

New York City Median Age

37.5

Total

36.2

Male

38.9

Female

New York City Adults

There are 6,849,907 adults, (1,335,639 of whom are seniors) in New York City.

New York City Age Dependency

56.4

Age Dependency Ratio

24.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.1

Child Dependency Ratio

New York City Sex Ratio

Female4,473,74851.88%
Male4,148,71948.12%

New York City Population by Age

New York City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All3,282,8042.5632.967.1
Non Family1,351,8081.2923.476.6
Married1,189,7893.5148.251.8
Female558,2313.3824.275.8
Male182,9763.2730.469.6
showing: 5 rows

3.33

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

32.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

New York City Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

New York City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New York City Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.18%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 62.13%.

New York City Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$53,224

Average Earnings

$57,141

Average Male

$49,177

Average Female

New York City Earnings by Educational Attainment

New York City Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

New York City Language

52.16% of New York City residents speak only English, while 47.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.33% of the population.

New York City Language

New York City Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic2,469,825568,25123.01%
Black1,955,920409,40920.93%
Other1,312,759319,24724.32%
White2,639,205290,46711.01%
Asian1,230,996183,29814.89%
Multiple756,739132,61817.52%
Native52,02411,92622.92%
Islander5,1661,63931.73%
showing: 8 rows

17.2%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.83%

Male Poverty Rate

18.47%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New York City

The race most likely to be in poverty in New York City is Islander, with 31.73% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New York City is White, with 11.01% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.33%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.16%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.51%.

New York City Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade29.79%
High School19.36%
Some College14.5%
Bachelors or Greater6.6%
showing: 4 rows

New York City Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed33.3%
Male Unemployed28.7%
Female Employed6.99%
Male Employed5.3%
showing: 4 rows

New York City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New York City Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

New York City Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.3%

Male Marriage Rate

36.7%

Female Marriage Rate

New York City Married by Age and Sex

male

female

New York City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

New York City Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

New York City Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

135,138

Number of Veterans

122,205

Male Veterans

12,933

Female Veterans

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New York City Veterans by War

count

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New York City Veterans by Age

count

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New York City Veterans by Race

New York City Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

12.72%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.37%

Veteran Disability Rate

New York City Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

63.2%

Labor Force Participation

58.4%

Employment Rate

7.6%

Unemployment Rate

New York City Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

New York City Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

New York City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

48.63%

Born in New York City

63.66%

Native Born

36.34%

Foreign Born

15%

Non Citizen

21.34%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

63.66% of New York City residents were born in the United States, with 48.63% having been born in New York. 15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

New York City Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20297,474,169-123,104-1.62%
20287,597,273-123,104-1.59%
20277,720,377-123,104-1.57%
20267,843,481-123,104-1.55%
20257,966,585-123,104-1.52%
20248,089,689-123,104-1.5%
20238,212,793-123,104-1.48%
20228,335,897-123,104-1.46%
20218,459,001-281,646-3.22%
20208,740,647397,7224.77%
20198,342,925-53,689-0.64%
20188,396,614-41,081-0.49%
20178,437,695-31,259-0.37%
20168,468,9545,7970.07%
20158,463,15729,2900.35%
20148,433,86737,6600.45%
20138,396,20749,4920.59%
20128,346,71573,8510.89%
20118,272,86482,7591.01%
20108,190,105181,8272.27%
20008,008,278685,7149.36%
19907,322,564250,9253.55%
19807,071,639-823,924-10.44%
19707,895,563113,5791.46%
19607,781,984-109,973-1.39%
19507,891,957436,9625.86%
19407,454,995524,5497.57%
19306,930,4461,310,39823.32%
19205,620,048853,16517.9%
19104,766,8831,329,68138.68%
19003,437,2021,921,901126.83%
18901,515,301309,00225.62%
18801,206,299264,00728.02%
1870942,292128,62315.81%
1860813,669298,12257.83%
1850515,547202,83764.86%
1840312,710110,12154.36%
1830202,58978,88363.77%
1820123,70627,33328.36%
181096,37335,85859.25%
180060,51527,38482.65%
179033,131
showing: 42 rows

New York City Population by Year