Newark, New Jersey Population 2020

282,862

Newark is a city located in Essex County, New Jersey. With a 2020 population of 282,862, it is the largest city in New Jersey and the 73rd largest city in the United States. Newark is currently growing at a rate of 0.14% annually and its population has increased by 2.06% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 277,140 in 2010. Newark reached it's highest population of 442,337 in 1930. Spanning over 26 miles, Newark has a population density of 11,716 people per square mile.

The average household income in Newark is $50,751 with a poverty rate of 27.95%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,055 per month, and the median house value is $231,500. The median age in Newark is 33.7 years, 32.8 years for males, and 34.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.6 males.

Newark is notable for many reasons, beginning with its history dating back to the 1600s. Newark is one of the oldest cities in the US. The city is also home to one of the busiest airports in the US and has a significant number of company headquarters and higher educations institutions that are known nationwide.

Newark Population Statistics

Despite revitalization, poverty remains a problem and has led to residents moving to other areas, resulting in population losses.

Newark Population Growth

Newark saw population growth through the 1800s into the 1930s. However, losses in the population were recorded during the 1940 census. Racial tensions contributed to further losses throughout the years, with the population dropping from over 442,000 in 1930 to over 281,000 today. Population losses have slowed in recent years, and growth was recorded between the 2000 and 2010 census, although it was just 1.3%. Since the last poll was taken, the numbers have increased by 1.7%, suggesting that perhaps the population is on an upswing again.

Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was first settled by Puritans in 1666. In 1693, it was designated as a township. It was not incorporated as a city until 1836.

It is believed that the name was derived from “New Ark” or “New Work,” although others believe that the name was derived from the English city of Newark-on-Trent due to the influence of the pastor Abraham Pierson. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city saw explosive population growth. However, in the latter part of the 20th century, the Newark riots led to a decline in population. However, the city has since rebounded following its revitalization efforts that began during the 1990s.

The city is divided into five different political wards: East, West, North South and Central. There are multiple neighborhoods throughout each district showcasing the diversity of this city, which is home to the oldest county park in the nation and is also the location of headquarters of international corporations including Panasonic, Audible.com, IDT, and Prudential. The city is also known for its colleges and universities, including Rutgers and the New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Newark Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Newark was:

  • Black or African American: 49.73%
  • White: 26.11%
  • Other race: 19.10%
  • Two or more races: 2.44%
  • Asian: 2.10%
  • Native American: 0.49%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Newark, New Jersey is 282,862, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 282,090. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 277,140.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202019,940,529-19,474-0.10%
201919,960,003-19,474-0.10%
201819,979,477-19,474-0.10%
201719,998,951-17,965-0.09%
201620,016,91616,9810.08%
201519,999,93542,2660.21%
201419,957,66955,9730.28%
201319,901,69679,0110.40%
201219,822,68597,9770.49%
201119,724,708129,7310.66%
201019,594,9770.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American139,46449.73%
White73,24026.11%
Some Other Race53,55819.10%
Two or More Races6,8562.44%
Asian5,8822.10%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,3700.49%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander930.03%

Newark Population Pyramid 2020

Newark Median Age

33.7


Total

32.8


Male

34.8


Female

Newark Adults

There are 210,621 adults, (28,151 of whom are seniors) in Newark.

Newark Age Dependency

53.7

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Newark Sex Ratio

Female

143,370

51.12%

Male

137,093

48.88%

Newark Households and Families

Newark Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Newark Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married38.3%61.7%
Male25.9%74.1%
All22.7%77.3%
Female16.1%83.9%
Non Family15.8%84.2%

22.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All96,8882.7622.7
Non Family37,7881.2315.8
Female25,9813.716.1
Married25,9233.838.3
Male7,1963.6425.9

3.57

Average Family Size

2.76

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Newark Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade23,98313.29%
9th to 12th Grade21,30111.81%
High School Graduate64,21335.59%
Some College34,30619.02%
Associates Degree9,9755.53%
Bachelors Degree18,76410.40%
Graduate Degree7,8574.36%

Newark Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black89,24974,95012,828
Hispanic63,00440,3566,983
Other Race33,49320,5353,081
White21,93714,9904,613
Asian3,7383,0711,665
Multiple Races3,6092,529703
Native American90159183
Islander7826

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 83.98%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 44.54%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,586$32,340$25,489
Less Than High School$22,167$25,708$17,262
High School Grad$26,602$30,760$21,672
Some College$31,072$35,223$27,774
Bachelors Degree$41,488$47,802$35,312
Graduate Degree$53,926$67,626$47,603

$29,586

Average Earnings

$32,340

Average Male

$25,489

Average Female

Newark Language

Newark Language by Age

Newark Language

52.34% of Newark residents speak only English, while 47.66% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.54% of the population.

Newark Poverty

Newark Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black132,96941,05530.88%
Hispanic100,06627,56127.54%
Other53,33814,66927.50%
White27,4565,21619.00%
Multiple6,7112,06130.71%
Asian5,00897319.43%
Native1,37051037.23%
Islander934043.01%

27.95%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.78%

Male Poverty Rate

30.82%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Newark

The race most likely to be in poverty in Newark is Islander, with 43.01% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Newark is White, with 19.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.42%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.48%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.56%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.97%
High School25.94%
Some College18.72%
Bachelors or Greater11.99%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.37%
Male Unemployed40.31%
Female Employed16.03%
Male Employed9.14%

Newark Income

Newark Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$35,181$50,751
Families$41,256$57,204
Married Families$61,006$75,503
Non Families$22,473$36,239

Newark Marital Status

Newark Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

31.4%

Male Marriage Rate

26.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Newark Married by Age and Sex

Newark Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Newark Marital Status by Race

Newark Veterans

5,017

Number of Veterans

4,480

Male Veterans

537

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,385
First Gulf War873
Second Gulf War807
Korea259
World War II125
Name Veterans % of Total
Black3,1943.06%
Hispanic1,1061.51%
White1,0851.91%
Other4851.25%
2 or More1673.67%
Indian575.02%
Asian290.58%

$Newark Veterans by Education

16.25%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

Newark Employment Status

61.7%

Labor Force Participation

53.8%

Employment Rate

12.8%

Unemployment Rate

Newark Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.85%

Born in New Jersey

69.41%

Native Born

30.59%

Foreign Born

17.24%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

69.41% of Newark residents were born in the United States, with 50.85% having been born in New Jersey. 17.24% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020282,8623860.14%
2019282,4763860.14%
2018282,0901,0760.38%
2017281,0143860.14%
2016280,6289990.36%
2015279,6296380.23%
2014278,9918390.30%
2013278,1525620.20%
2012277,590500.02%
2011277,5403820.14%
2010277,1583,6120.13%
2000273,546-1,675-0.06%
1990275,221-54,027-1.78%
1980329,248-52,682-1.47%
1970381,930-23,290-0.59%
1960405,220-33,556-0.79%
1950438,7769,0160.21%
1940429,760-12,577-0.29%
1930442,33727,8130.65%
1920414,52467,0551.78%
1910347,469101,3993.51%
1900246,07064,2403.07%
1890181,83045,3222.91%
1880136,50831,4492.65%
1870105,05933,1183.86%
186071,94133,0476.34%
185038,89421,6048.44%
184017,2906,3374.67%
183010,9530.00%