Oakland, California Population 2024

420,233

Oakland is a city located in Alameda County and Contra Costa County California. Oakland has a 2024 population of 420,233. It is also the county seat of Alameda County. Oakland is currently declining at a rate of -1.21% annually and its population has decreased by -4.68% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 440,873 in 2020.

The average household income in Oakland is $139,468 with a poverty rate of 13.21%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Oakland is 37.5 years, 37.1 years for males, and 37.8 years for females.

Oakland is a large port city in the state of California located on the San Francisco Bay. It is the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the eighth largest city in California.

Oakland is a major transportation and trade hub and the principal city of the East Bay region of the Bay Area, sitting right across from the bay and 6 miles east of San Francisco.

Oakland has worked to reduce its high crime rate, and it continues to rank among the top cities in the United States for sustainability. It has become a major tourist destination as well. Two years ago, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, and it was ranked 16th on "America's Coolest Cities."

Oakland Diversity and Population Statistics

Oakland has the 5th highest cluster of "elite zip codes," which are ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of education and income, with close to 38% of the population over 25 having a bachelors degree or higher. Oakland is also in the top 20 cities in the U.S. for median household income.

Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major U.S. cities, ranking 4th in diversity with a diversity score of 91.4. The white population had fallen from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% in 1990, and it has become a center for the African American population of Northern California, although it has lost nearly 25% of its black community since 2000, with many leaving for the Southern U.S. or the Bay Area suburbs.

Oakland also has the 3rd highest concentration of gay and lesbian people among the 50 largest cities in the country after San Francisco and Seattle.

Oakland Population Growth

In 2011, Oakland lost about 25% of its African American population. This made Oakland one of the only big cities in California to decline in size with the second largest overall population decline in California. Only Santa Ana lost more residents during this time.

The declining population trend did turn around somewhat, however, and the Bay Area went on to become the fastest-growing region in California by 2013. Alameda County was the second-fastest growing county in California from 2012 to 2013, adding 1.2%.

Oakland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oakland was:

  • White: 32.33%
  • Black or African American: 21.79%
  • Other race: 18.25%
  • Asian: 15.87%
  • Two or more races: 10.03%
  • Native American: 1.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.5%
Land Area (mi²)
56.0 sq mi
Density (mi²)
7,509.10/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-4.68% (-20,640)
The current population of Oakland, California is 420,233 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 440,873.

Oakland, California Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White141,56932.33%
Black or African American95,41221.79%
Other race79,89818.25%
Asian69,49115.87%
Two or more races43,91510.03%
Native American5,3331.22%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander2,2070.5%

White

Black or African American

Other race

Asian

Two or more races

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Oakland Population by Race

Oakland Population Pyramid 2024

Oakland Median Age

37.5

Total

37.1

Male

37.8

Female

Oakland Adults

There are 354,142 adults, (61,606 of whom are seniors) in Oakland.

Oakland Age Dependency

49.7

Age Dependency Ratio

21.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Oakland Sex Ratio

Female222,56850.83%
Male215,25749.17%

Oakland Population by Age

Oakland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All170,2822.5342.157.9
Non Family78,5441.4330.869.2
Married61,4053.3960.239.8
Female21,0243.6633.366.7
Male9,3093.6237.662.4

3.33

Average Family Size

2.53

Average Household Size

42.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Oakland Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,0038.36%
9th to 12th Grade19,4386.02%
High School Graduate52,30216.2%
Some College49,69615.39%
Associates Degree18,1465.62%
Bachelors Degree87,95427.24%
Graduate Degree68,37921.18%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Oakland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White106,260103,36180,340
Hispanic71,34247,24717,627
Black70,32963,72222,202
Asian57,77145,95026,490
Other Race48,78729,5788,958
2+ Races24,99622,18513,092
Native American3,5872,755999
Islander1,6181,328381

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.27%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 75.61%.

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$60,071$63,809$57,753
Less Than 9th Grade$29,689$33,460$23,230
High School Graduate$37,003$41,152$30,592
Some College$45,365$51,904$38,324
Bachelors Degree$82,046$92,854$75,304
Graduate Degree$104,784$117,012$94,914

$60,071

Average Earnings

$63,809

Average Male

$57,753

Average Female

Oakland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Oakland Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Oakland Language

61.23% of Oakland residents speak only English, while 38.77% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.03% of the population.

Oakland Language

Oakland Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black94,55918,31819.37%
Hispanic115,14816,21914.09%
Other78,97812,92516.37%
Asian68,75710,12314.72%
White125,6318,9837.15%
Multiple43,5684,40210.1%
Native5,29770913.38%
Islander2,16138817.95%

13.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.14%

Male Poverty Rate

14.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oakland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oakland is Black, with 19.37% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oakland is White, with 7.15% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.88%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.16%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.17%.

Oakland Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.32%
High School16.92%
Some College14.64%
Bachelors or Greater5.01%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed35.51%
Male Unemployed25.51%
Female Employed5.57%
Male Employed4.69%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Oakland Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$94,389$139,468
Families$109,997$160,429
Married Families$149,317$196,089
Non Families$75,143$108,834

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Oakland Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.2%

Male Marriage Rate

36.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Oakland Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Oakland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Oakland Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Oakland Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

11,520

Number of Veterans

10,261

Male Veterans

1,259

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam3,882
Second Gulf War2,246
First Gulf War1,951
Korea772
World War II292

Oakland Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
75+3,235
65 to 742,488
35 to 542,434
55 to 642,285
18 to 341,078

Oakland Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
Black5,0056.41%
White4,1303.37%
Hispanic1,1831.42%
Asian1,1431.85%
2+ Races6502.29%
Other Race4560.8%
Native American842.14%
Islander522.77%

Oakland Veterans by Race

Oakland Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

11.32%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.92%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oakland Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

68.4%

Labor Force Participation

64.3%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

Oakland Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Oakland Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Oakland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

50.91%

Born in Oakland

73.71%

Native Born

26.29%

Foreign Born

13.25%

Non Citizen

13.03%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

73.71% of Oakland residents were born in the United States, with 50.91% having been born in California. 13.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Oakland Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029394,433-5,160-1.29%
2028399,593-5,160-1.27%
2027404,753-5,160-1.26%
2026409,913-5,160-1.24%
2025415,073-5,160-1.23%
2024420,233-5,160-1.21%
2023425,393-5,160-1.2%
2022430,553-5,738-1.32%
2021436,291-4,582-1.04%
2020440,87318,1354.29%
2019422,7389010.21%
2018421,837-101-0.02%
2017421,9384840.11%
2016421,4542,9150.7%
2015418,5395,8621.42%
2014412,6776,0681.49%
2013406,6095,8891.47%
2012400,7205,3041.34%
2011395,4164,0661.04%
2010391,350-8,134-2.04%
2000399,48427,2427.32%
1990372,24232,9059.7%
1980339,337-22,224-6.15%
1970361,561-5,987-1.63%
1960367,548-17,027-4.43%
1950384,57582,41227.27%
1940302,16318,1006.37%
1930284,06367,80231.35%
1920216,26166,08744.01%
1910150,17483,214124.27%
190066,96018,27837.55%
189048,68214,12740.88%
188034,55524,055229.1%
187010,5008,951577.86%
18601,54900%
showing: 35 rows

Oakland Population by Year