Oakland, California Population 2021

440,981
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Oakland is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 440,981, it is the 8th largest city in California and the 45th largest city in the United States. Oakland is currently growing at a rate of 0.91% annually and its population has increased by 12.86% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 390,724 in 2010. Oakland reached it's highest population of 440,981 in 2021. Spanning over 78 miles, Oakland has a population density of 7,890 people per square mile.

The average household income in Oakland is $108,297 with a poverty rate of 16.74%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,445 per month, and the median house value is $687,400. The median age in Oakland is 36.5 years, 36 years for males, and 37.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.4 males.

Oakland is a large port city in the state of California located on the San Francisco Bay. It is the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the eighth largest city in California.

Oakland is a major transportation and trade hub and the principal city of the East Bay region of the Bay Area, sitting right across from the bay and 6 miles east of San Francisco.

Oakland has worked to reduce its high crime rate, and it continues to rank among the top cities in the United States for sustainability. It has become a major tourist destination as well. Two years ago, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, and it was ranked 16th on "America's Coolest Cities."

Oakland Diversity and Population Statistics

Oakland has the 5th highest cluster of "elite zip codes," which are ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of education and income, with close to 38% of the population over 25 having a bachelors degree or higher. Oakland is also in the top 20 cities in the U.S. for median household income.

Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major U.S. cities, ranking 4th in diversity with a diversity score of 91.4. The white population had fallen from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% in 1990, and it has become a center for the African American population of Northern California, although it has lost nearly 25% of its black community since 2000, with many leaving for the Southern U.S. or the Bay Area suburbs.

Oakland also has the 3rd highest concentration of gay and lesbian people among the 50 largest cities in the country after San Francisco and Seattle.

Oakland Population Growth

In 2011, Oakland lost about 25% of its African American population. This made Oakland one of the only big cities in California to decline in size with the second largest overall population decline in California. Only Santa Ana lost more residents during this time.

The declining population trend did turn around somewhat, however, and the Bay Area went on to become the fastest-growing region in California by 2013. Alameda County was the second-fastest growing county in California from 2012 to 2013, adding 1.2%.

Oakland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oakland was:

  • White: 35.48%
  • Black or African American: 23.75%
  • Other race: 16.94%
  • Asian: 15.50%
  • Two or more races: 6.87%
  • Native American: 0.90%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.56%
The current population of Oakland, California is 440,981, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 429,056.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 390,724.

Oakland, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20214,742,7805,4900.12%
20204,737,2905,4900.12%
20194,731,8005,4900.12%
20184,726,31013,8900.29%
20174,712,42024,2200.51%
20164,688,20040,2800.86%
20154,647,92062,9401.35%
20144,584,98065,3401.43%
20134,519,64064,1701.42%
20124,455,47059,7501.34%
20114,395,72052,0901.19%
20104,343,6300.00%

Oakland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White150,82735.48%
Black or African American100,96623.75%
Some Other Race72,00416.94%
Asian65,90215.50%
Two or More Races29,1926.87%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,8320.90%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,3740.56%
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Oakland Population by Race

Oakland Population Pyramid 2021

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Oakland Median Age

36.5


Total

36


Male

37.1


Female

Oakland Adults

There are 340,623 adults, (55,715 of whom are seniors) in Oakland.

Oakland Age Dependency

49.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Oakland Sex Ratio

Female

219,808

51.71%

Male

205,289

48.29%

Oakland Population by Age

Oakland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Oakland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57.5%42.5%
All40.7%59.3%
Male37.2%62.8%
Female33.3%66.7%
Non Family30.3%69.7%

40.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Oakland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All162,4192.5840.7
Non Family73,8571.4530.3
Married57,6963.4457.5
Female21,7173.6833.3
Male9,1493.6237.2

3.36

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

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Oakland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade30,2529.80%
9th to 12th Grade23,5677.64%
High School Graduate48,83515.83%
Some College52,22816.93%
Associates Degree17,8115.77%
Bachelors Degree77,86425.23%
Graduate Degree58,02018.80%
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Oakland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White100,05297,29874,587
Black73,29465,17019,692
Hispanic67,71940,03314,264
Asian53,98739,61320,876
Other Race42,51021,6886,216
Multiple Races15,22614,2847,674
Native American2,4572,034668
Islander1,7751,525343

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.25%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 74.55%.

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,998$49,116$44,824
Less Than High School$23,997$27,025$19,184
High School Grad$30,610$33,365$24,612
Some College$36,685$41,410$31,731
Bachelors Degree$63,858$72,747$58,764
Graduate Degree$85,009$101,144$77,498

$46,998

Average Earnings

$49,116

Average Male

$44,824

Average Female

Oakland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Oakland Language by Age

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Oakland Language

59.92% of Oakland residents speak only English, while 40.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.81% of the population.

Oakland Language

Oakland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black99,86823,73523.77%
Hispanic113,40223,38320.62%
Other71,24716,23522.79%
Asian65,13811,27717.31%
White118,9539,1687.71%
Multiple28,8973,72012.87%
Native3,82083321.81%
Islander2,29431613.78%

16.74%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.96%

Male Poverty Rate

18.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oakland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oakland is Black, with 23.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oakland is White, with 7.71% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.66%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.96%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.08%.

Oakland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.24%
High School20.61%
Some College15.75%
Bachelors or Greater5.26%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.06%
Male Unemployed28.30%
Female Employed8.18%
Male Employed6.39%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Oakland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$73,692$108,297
Families$82,598$124,056
Married Families$114,215$154,594
Non Families$58,986$84,526
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Income by Household Type

Oakland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.2%

Male Marriage Rate

35.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Oakland Married by Age and Sex

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Oakland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Oakland Marital Status by Race

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Oakland Marital Status

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11,408

Number of Veterans

10,223

Male Veterans

1,185

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,303
First Gulf War1,722
Second Gulf War1,576
Korea895
World War II481

Oakland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+2,908
65 to 742,892
55 to 642,476
35 to 542,270
18 to 34862

Oakland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black5,0326.14%
White4,3773.43%
Hispanic1,1011.38%
Asian8161.40%
2 or More5262.97%
Other4550.91%
Hawaiian1256.59%
Indian772.84%

Oakland Veterans by Race

Oakland Veterans by Education

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11.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.67%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oakland Veterans by Education

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68.7%

Labor Force Participation

64.5%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Oakland Employment by Age

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Oakland Employment by Race

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Oakland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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50.22%

Born in California

73.20%

Native Born

26.80%

Foreign Born

14.22%

Non Citizen

12.58%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

73.20% of Oakland residents were born in the United States, with 50.22% having been born in California. 14.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Oakland Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021440,9813,9750.91%
2020437,0063,9750.92%
2019433,0313,9750.93%
2018429,0564,6741.10%
2017424,3823,4350.82%
2016420,9472,7360.65%
2015418,2115,3101.29%
2014412,9016,2531.54%
2013406,6485,5441.38%
2012401,1045,0181.27%
2011396,0864,6801.20%
2010391,406-8,078-0.20%
2000399,48427,2420.71%
1990372,24232,9050.93%
1980339,337-22,224-0.63%
1970361,561-5,987-0.16%
1960367,548-17,027-0.45%
1950384,57582,4122.44%
1940302,16318,1000.62%
1930284,06367,8022.76%
1920216,26166,0873.71%
1910150,17483,2148.41%
190066,96018,2783.24%
189048,68214,1273.49%
188034,55524,05512.65%
187010,5008,95121.09%
18601,5490.00%

Oakland Population by Year