Oakland, California Population 2022

444,956
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Oakland is a city located in Alameda County California. Oakland has a 2020 population of 444,956. It is also the county seat of Alameda County. Oakland is currently growing at a rate of 0.90% annually and its population has increased by 13.68% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 391,406 in 2010.

The average household income in Oakland is $108,297 with a poverty rate of 14.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,539 per month, and the median house value is $730,000. The median age in Oakland is 36.5 years, 36 years for males, and 37.1 years for females.

Oakland is a large port city in the state of California located on the San Francisco Bay. It is the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the eighth largest city in California.

Oakland is a major transportation and trade hub and the principal city of the East Bay region of the Bay Area, sitting right across from the bay and 6 miles east of San Francisco.

Oakland has worked to reduce its high crime rate, and it continues to rank among the top cities in the United States for sustainability. It has become a major tourist destination as well. Two years ago, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, and it was ranked 16th on "America's Coolest Cities."

Oakland Diversity and Population Statistics

Oakland has the 5th highest cluster of "elite zip codes," which are ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of education and income, with close to 38% of the population over 25 having a bachelors degree or higher. Oakland is also in the top 20 cities in the U.S. for median household income.

Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major U.S. cities, ranking 4th in diversity with a diversity score of 91.4. The white population had fallen from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% in 1990, and it has become a center for the African American population of Northern California, although it has lost nearly 25% of its black community since 2000, with many leaving for the Southern U.S. or the Bay Area suburbs.

Oakland also has the 3rd highest concentration of gay and lesbian people among the 50 largest cities in the country after San Francisco and Seattle.

Oakland Population Growth

In 2011, Oakland lost about 25% of its African American population. This made Oakland one of the only big cities in California to decline in size with the second largest overall population decline in California. Only Santa Ana lost more residents during this time.

The declining population trend did turn around somewhat, however, and the Bay Area went on to become the fastest-growing region in California by 2013. Alameda County was the second-fastest growing county in California from 2012 to 2013, adding 1.2%.

Oakland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oaklandwas:

  • White: 34.36%
  • Black or African American: 22.69%
  • Other race: 17.28%
  • Asian: 15.76%
  • Two or more races: 8.43%
  • Native American: 0.90%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.60%
The current population of Oakland, California is 444,956 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 444,956.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 391,406.

Oakland, California Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20104,343,6300.00%
20114,395,72052,0901.19%
20124,455,47059,7501.34%
20134,519,64064,1701.42%
20144,584,98065,3401.43%
20154,647,92062,9401.35%
20164,688,20040,2800.86%
20174,712,42024,2200.51%
20184,726,31013,8900.29%
20194,731,8005,4900.12%
20204,737,2905,4900.12%
20214,742,7805,4900.12%

Oakland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White145,18234.36%
Black or African American95,87422.69%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,8020.90%
Asian66,58215.76%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,5240.60%
Some Other Race73,00017.28%
Two or More Races35,6118.43%
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Oakland Population by Race

Oakland Population Pyramid 2022

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Oakland Median Age

36.6


Total

35.9


Male

37.2


Female

Oakland Adults

There are 340,565 adults, (56,584 of whom are seniors) in Oakland.

Oakland Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Oakland Sex Ratio

Female

217,936

51.57%

Male

204,639

48.43%

Oakland Population by Age

Oakland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Oakland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married58.3%41.7%
All40.9%59.1%
Male37.5%62.5%
Female34.4%65.6%
Non Family29.7%70.3%

40.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Oakland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All160,0952.640.9
Married56,6703.4858.3
Male9,0333.7337.5
Female21,1523.6834.4
Non Family73,2401.4629.7

3.4

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

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Oakland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade27,2778.82%
9th to 12th Grade21,1376.84%
High School Graduate49,96716.16%
Some College50,77416.42%
Associates Degree17,6365.70%
Bachelors Degree83,09726.87%
Graduate Degree59,35419.19%
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Oakland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White101,03298,17775,921
2+ Races19,40817,54610,174
Asian54,38241,44522,465
Black70,55963,39720,715
Native American2,4602,085590
Hispanic68,40343,95515,563
Islander1,9521,587438
Other Race43,72025,3306,979

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.17%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 75.15%.

Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$50,672$52,341$48,442
Less Than 9th Grade$25,559$29,440$19,966
High School Graduate$31,493$35,322$24,318
Some College$38,498$43,039$34,003
Bachelors Degree$68,369$77,492$62,305
Graduate Degree$87,464$101,811$80,936

$50,672

Average Earnings

$52,341

Average Male

$48,442

Average Female

Oakland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Oakland Language by Age

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Oakland Language

60.38% of Oakland residents speak only English, while 39.62% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.56% of the population.

Oakland Language

Oakland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black94,81919,63120.70%
Native3,77469818.49%
Hispanic112,50919,09716.97%
Asian65,80810,24815.57%
Islander2,50334713.86%
White119,4088,7977.37%
Other13,994NaN%
Multiple35,3354,31812.22%

14.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.40%

Male Poverty Rate

15.79%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oakland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oakland is Black, with 20.70% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oakland is Multiple, with 12.22% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.14%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.53%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.12%.

Oakland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade25.52%
High School17.54%
Some College15.22%
Bachelors or Greater4.93%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed5.24%
Male Unemployed24.34%
Female Employed6.56%
Female Unemployed31.67%

Oakland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Oakland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$80,143$116,585
Families$92,046$133,755
Married Families$122,927$165,506
Non Families$64,498$91,129
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Income by Household Type

Oakland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.0%

Male Marriage Rate

35.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Oakland Married by Age and Sex

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Oakland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Oakland Marital Status by Race

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Oakland Marital Status

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11,179

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War1,992
First Gulf War1,763
Vietnam3,913
Korea802
World War II340

Oakland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,115
35 to 542,280
55 to 642,192
65 to 742,707
75+2,885

Oakland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2723.44%
Black4,7446.05%
Native American682.46%
Asian9201.57%
Islander1285.90%
Other Race4520.87%
2+ Races5952.66%
Hispanic1,0231.28%

Oakland Veterans by Race

Oakland Veterans by Education

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12.82%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.56%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oakland Veterans by Education

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68.8%

Labor Force Participation

64.7%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Oakland Employment by Age

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Oakland Employment by Race

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Oakland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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50.62%

Born in Oakland

73.50%

Native Born

26.50%

Foreign Born

13.68%

Non Citizen

12.82%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

73.50% of Oakland residents were born in the United States, with 50.62% having been born in California. 13.68% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Oakland Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18601,5490.00%
187010,5008,95121.09%
188034,55524,05512.65%
189048,68214,1273.49%
190066,96018,2783.24%
1910150,17483,2148.41%
1920216,26166,0873.71%
1930284,06367,8022.76%
1940302,16318,1000.62%
1950384,57582,4122.44%
1960367,548-17,027-0.45%
1970361,561-5,987-0.16%
1980339,337-22,224-0.63%
1990372,24232,9050.93%
2000399,48427,2420.71%
2010391,406-8,078-0.20%
2011396,0864,6801.20%
2012401,1045,0181.27%
2013406,6485,5441.38%
2014412,9016,2531.54%
2015418,2115,3101.29%
2016420,9472,7360.65%
2017424,3823,4350.82%
2018429,0564,6741.10%
2019433,0313,9750.93%
2020437,0063,9750.92%
2021440,9813,9750.91%
2022444,9563,9750.90%

Oakland Population by Year