Oakland, California Population 2020

435,224
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Oakland is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 435,224, it is the 8th largest city in California and the 46th largest city in the United States. Oakland is currently growing at a rate of 0.71% annually and its population has increased by 11.39% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 390,724 in 2010. Spanning over 78 miles, Oakland has a population density of 7,787 people per square mile.

The average household income in Oakland is $101,853 with a poverty rate of 17.63%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,354 per month, and the median house value is $627,800. The median age in Oakland is 36.5 years, 36 years for males, and 37.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.8 males.

Oakland is a large port city in the state of California located on the San Francisco Bay. It is the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the eighth largest city in California.

Oakland is a major transportation and trade hub and the principal city of the East Bay region of the Bay Area, sitting right across from the bay and 6 miles east of San Francisco.

Oakland has worked to reduce its high crime rate, and it continues to rank among the top cities in the United States for sustainability. It has become a major tourist destination as well. Two years ago, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, and it was ranked 16th on "America's Coolest Cities."

Oakland Diversity and Population Statistics

Oakland has the 5th highest cluster of "elite zip codes," which are ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of education and income, with close to 38% of the population over 25 having a bachelors degree or higher. Oakland is also in the top 20 cities in the U.S. for median household income.

Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major U.S. cities, ranking 4th in diversity with a diversity score of 91.4. The white population had fallen from 95.3% in 1940 to 32.5% in 1990, and it has become a center for the African American population of Northern California, although it has lost nearly 25% of its black community since 2000, with many leaving for the Southern U.S. or the Bay Area suburbs.

Oakland also has the 3rd highest concentration of gay and lesbian people among the 50 largest cities in the country after San Francisco and Seattle.

Oakland Population Growth

In 2011, Oakland lost about 25% of its African American population. This made Oakland one of the only big cities in California to decline in size with the second largest overall population decline in California. Only Santa Ana lost more residents during this time.

The declining population trend did turn around somewhat, however, and the Bay Area went on to become the fastest-growing region in California by 2013. Alameda County was the second-fastest growing county in California from 2012 to 2013, adding 1.2%.

Oakland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oakland was:

  • White: 36.14%
  • Black or African American: 23.61%
  • Other race: 16.14%
  • Asian: 15.72%
  • Two or more races: 6.84%
  • Native American: 0.91%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.63%
The current population of Oakland, California is 435,224, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 429,082.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 390,724.

Oakland, California Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20204,767,07018,7900.39%
20194,748,28018,8000.40%
20184,729,48018,7900.40%
20174,710,69021,5600.46%
20164,689,13039,5900.84%
20154,649,54062,2901.34%
20144,587,25065,9401.44%
20134,521,31064,9101.44%
20124,456,40060,5101.36%
20114,395,89052,1101.19%
20104,343,7800.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White152,16836.14%
Black or African American99,41623.61%
Some Other Race67,95816.14%
Asian66,18215.72%
Two or More Races28,8126.84%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,8340.91%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,6720.63%
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Oakland Population Pyramid 2020

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Oakland Median Age

36.5


Total

36


Male

37.1


Female

Oakland Adults

There are 337,731 adults, (54,497 of whom are seniors) in Oakland.

Oakland Age Dependency

48.7

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Oakland Sex Ratio

Female

217,256

51.60%

Male

203,786

48.40%

Oakland Households and Families

Oakland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Oakland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married56.7%43.3%
All40.4%59.6%
Male35.3%64.7%
Female33%67%
Non Family30.5%69.5%

40.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All161,4832.5740.4
Non Family73,0801.4430.5
Married56,8893.4356.7
Female22,2953.6333
Male9,2193.5935.3

3.34

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Oakland Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade31,50310.33%
9th to 12th Grade24,5118.03%
High School Graduate46,62315.28%
Some College54,86417.98%
Associates Degree17,8455.85%
Bachelors Degree73,96424.24%
Graduate Degree55,78718.29%
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Oakland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White98,87496,20572,765
Black72,14863,74618,797
Hispanic66,59437,63012,170
Asian53,76338,80420,016
Other Race40,10619,4364,688
Multiple Races15,01613,9977,125
Native American2,5981,954514
Islander1,7921,510326

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.30%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 73.59%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,052$45,632$41,439
Less Than High School$22,305$25,717$17,986
High School Grad$27,387$31,421$22,069
Some College$35,395$39,152$31,570
Bachelors Degree$60,946$68,400$54,609
Graduate Degree$79,921$97,017$72,136

$43,052

Average Earnings

$45,632

Average Male

$41,439

Average Female

Oakland Language

Oakland Language by Age

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Oakland Language

59.18% of Oakland residents speak only English, while 40.82% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 22.09% of the population.

Oakland Poverty

Oakland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black98,34824,46824.88%
Hispanic111,84724,29121.72%
Other67,33315,33222.77%
Asian65,44411,90718.19%
White117,4719,5548.13%
Multiple28,5314,14914.54%
Native3,8021,02827.04%
Islander2,56334913.62%

17.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.89%

Male Poverty Rate

19.26%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oakland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oakland is Native, with 27.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oakland is White, with 8.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.89%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.24%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.46%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.21%
High School20.12%
Some College16.25%
Bachelors or Greater5.66%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.30%
Male Unemployed32.21%
Female Employed9.03%
Male Employed7.27%

Oakland Income

Oakland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$68,442$101,853
Families$76,048$116,937
Married Families$106,959$147,409
Non Families$55,084$78,380
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Oakland Marital Status

Oakland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.7%

Male Marriage Rate

35.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Oakland Married by Age and Sex

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Oakland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Oakland Marital Status by Race

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Oakland Veterans

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11,974

Number of Veterans

10,780

Male Veterans

1,194

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,498
First Gulf War1,758
Second Gulf War1,629
Korea1,031
World War II583
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Age Group Veterans
75+3,147
65 to 742,935
55 to 642,497
35 to 542,471
18 to 34924
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Name Veterans % of Total
Black5,2466.51%
White4,5733.55%
Hispanic1,0091.29%
Asian8491.45%
2 or More5963.42%
Other4610.97%
Hawaiian1336.73%
Indian1164.04%

Oakland Veterans by Education

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10.96%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.74%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oakland Employment Status

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68.4%

Labor Force Participation

63.8%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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49.14%

Born in California

72.41%

Native Born

27.59%

Foreign Born

14.77%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

72.41% of Oakland residents were born in the United States, with 49.14% having been born in California. 14.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020435,2243,0710.71%
2019432,1533,0710.72%
2018429,0825,2131.23%
2017423,8693,0710.73%
2016420,7982,5350.61%
2015418,2635,1071.24%
2014413,1566,3121.55%
2013406,8445,6161.40%
2012401,2285,0931.29%
2011396,1354,6861.20%
2010391,449-8,035-0.20%
2000399,48427,2420.71%
1990372,24232,9050.93%
1980339,337-22,224-0.63%
1970361,561-5,987-0.16%
1960367,548-17,027-0.45%
1950384,57582,4122.44%
1940302,16318,1000.62%
1930284,06367,8022.76%
1920216,26166,0873.71%
1910150,17483,2148.41%
190066,96018,2783.24%
189048,68214,1273.49%
188034,55524,05512.65%
187010,5008,95121.09%
18601,5490.00%