Odessa, Texas Population 2020

119,738

Odessa is a city located in Ector County, Texas. With a 2020 population of 119,738, it is the 32nd largest city in Texas and the 240th largest city in the United States. Odessa is currently declining at a rate of -0.35% annually but its population has increased by 19.81% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 99,940 in 2010. Odessa reached it's highest population of 120,568 in 2018. Spanning over 45 miles, Odessa has a population density of 2,648 people per square mile.

The average household income in Odessa is $85,475 with a poverty rate of 10.66%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,052 per month, and the median house value is $149,900. The median age in Odessa is 30.6 years, 30.1 years for males, and 31.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.7 males.

Odessa is a city located in the state of Texas. It is located in Ector County, where it is also the county seat. A portion of the city is also located in Midland County. In recent years, Odessa has been named as one of the fastest-growing small cities in the nation.

Population Growth in Odessa, TX

Odessa’s population proliferated during the early 20th century. Though the city has seen its population drop a few times later in the 20th century, it has since bounced back. The most recent estimates show that the population is up nearly 18% since the last census, indicating that this thriving city has lots of growing left in its future.

Odessa Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Odessa was:

  • White: 79.75%
  • Other race: 8.99%
  • Black or African American: 5.45%
  • Two or more races: 3.63%
  • Asian: 1.66%
  • Native American: 0.45%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Odessa, Texas is 119,738, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 120,568. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 99,940.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020172,0264,9512.88%
2019167,0754,9512.96%
2018162,1244,9513.05%
2017157,173-632-0.40%
2016157,805-2,128-1.35%
2015159,9335,2593.29%
2014154,6744,9603.21%
2013149,7145,1903.47%
2012144,5244,8793.38%
2011139,6452,5621.83%
2010137,0830.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White94,56679.75%
Some Other Race10,6618.99%
Black or African American6,4575.45%
Two or More Races4,3033.63%
Asian1,9741.66%
American Indian and Alaska Native5390.45%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander820.07%

Odessa Population Pyramid 2020

Odessa Median Age

30.6


Total

30.1


Male

31.2


Female

Odessa Adults

There are 84,215 adults, (11,704 of whom are seniors) in Odessa.

Odessa Age Dependency

63.5

Age Dependency Ratio

16.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Odessa Sex Ratio

Female

59,367

50.06%

Male

59,215

49.94%

Odessa Households and Families

Odessa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Odessa Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.6%22.4%
All60.6%39.4%
Male53.5%46.5%
Female51.7%48.3%
Non Family42.8%57.2%

60.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,3192.960.6
Married18,2333.777.6
Non Family13,1031.2342.8
Female6,5463.7551.7
Male2,4373.6353.5

3.61

Average Family Size

2.9

Average Household Size

5.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Odessa Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,4247.65%
9th to 12th Grade8,77712.38%
High School Graduate20,49528.91%
Some College17,90325.26%
Associates Degree4,7926.76%
Bachelors Degree9,57913.51%
Graduate Degree3,9145.52%

Odessa Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic35,20323,8463,661
White29,88427,5808,096
Other Race6,0083,832660
Black4,0953,692751
Multiple Races1,3231,044170
Asian1,1201,030791
Native American34423241

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.29%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 70.63%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,470$52,026$31,609
Less Than High School$31,292$42,858$16,906
High School Grad$38,025$48,714$26,547
Some College$41,386$53,800$32,597
Bachelors Degree$53,936$65,214$47,480
Graduate Degree$58,886$69,000$56,474

$41,470

Average Earnings

$52,026

Average Male

$31,609

Average Female

Odessa Language

Odessa Language by Age

Odessa Language

58.80% of Odessa residents speak only English, while 41.20% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.83% of the population.

Odessa Poverty

Odessa Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic66,0849,07313.73%
White41,0282,3205.65%
Other10,6231,22811.56%
Black6,24990714.51%
Multiple4,23755113.00%
Native53918133.58%
Islander825060.98%
Asian1,960412.09%

10.66%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.13%

Male Poverty Rate

12.19%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Odessa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Odessa is Islander, with 60.98% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Odessa is Asian, with 2.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.84%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.63%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School15.15%
High School10.65%
Some College5.39%
Bachelors or Greater3.92%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.14%
Male Unemployed13.88%
Female Employed7.04%
Male Employed4.53%

Odessa Income

Odessa Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$63,145$85,475
Families$74,969$95,084
Married Families$92,034$114,450
Non Families$38,788$59,664

Odessa Marital Status

Odessa Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.0%

Male Marriage Rate

45.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Odessa Married by Age and Sex

Odessa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Odessa Marital Status by Race

Odessa Veterans

4,857

Number of Veterans

4,500

Male Veterans

357

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,513
Second Gulf War1,312
First Gulf War1,026
Korea340
World War II331
Name Veterans % of Total
White4,2606.22%
Hispanic1,5963.64%
Black2575.45%
Other1972.72%
2 or More804.60%
Indian5311.80%
Asian100.71%

$Odessa Veterans by Education

5.74%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.04%

Veteran Disability Rate

Odessa Employment Status

70.1%

Labor Force Participation

65.5%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Odessa Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

69.28%

Born in Texas

87.78%

Native Born

12.22%

Foreign Born

7.45%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.78% of Odessa residents were born in the United States, with 69.28% having been born in Texas. 7.45% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020119,738-415-0.35%
2019120,153-415-0.34%
2018120,5683,6583.13%
2017116,910-415-0.35%
2016117,325-1,289-1.09%
2015118,6143,9943.48%
2014114,6204,3333.93%
2013110,2874,3024.06%
2012105,9853,9463.87%
2011102,0392,2112.21%
201099,8288,8850.94%
200090,9431,2440.14%
199089,699-328-0.04%
198090,02711,6471.40%
197078,380-1,958-0.25%
196080,33850,84310.54%
195029,49519,92211.91%
19409,5730.00%