Olympia, Washington Population 2021

53,630
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Olympia is a city located in Thurston County Washington. It is also the county seat of Thurston County. With a 2020 population of 53,630, it is the 24th largest city in Washington and the 739th largest city in the United States . Olympia is currently growing at a rate of 0.70% annually and its population has increased by 15.39% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 46,478 in 2010. Olympia reached it's highest population of in . Spanning over 20 miles, Olympia has a population density of 2,941 people per square mile.

The average household income in Olympia is $78,809 with a poverty rate of 15.66%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,145 per month, and the median house value is $297,200. The median age in Olympia is 38.4 years, 36.1 years for males, and 41.9 years for females.

The State of Washington is the city’s top employer. It employs over 20,000 people. Local government is also a significant employer. Other top employers in Olympia include Providence St. Peter Hospital, tribal governments, and federal governments.

Olympia Population Growth

The city of Olympia has seen steady growth since it was founded, with the only exception occurring at the time of the 1900 census, when the population dropped by over 17%. However, the next year, the population had risen by over 81%. By 1930, the population had grown to over 10,000 residents. This number more than doubled by 1970. Current estimates show that the community has increased by over 10% since the last census taken in 2010, indicating that further growth is expected for this city.

The area that is now Olympia was initially inhabited by many native tribes, including the Puyallup, Chehalis, and Duwamish, to name a few. The Europeans first came to the area in 1792, although it was not settled at that time. It was in 1846 when Levi Smith and Edmund Sylvester laid claim to the land that is now Olympia’s downtown area. The city was named Olympia in 1850.

In 1851, the customs house for the Customs District of Puget Sound for Washington was established in the area. During this time, the population rose as immigrants came to the region. The Northern Pacific Railroad bypassed Olympia during the 1870s, and because the residents knew the importance of a railroad, they created their rail connection.

Washington was designated as a state in 1889 and Olympia was selected to serve as the capital city. The city’s capitol building was constructed in 1912 and was completed in 1928. During this time, the economy revolved around logging, oystering, sawmilling and other industries. It was also a shipping port for agricultural goods, sandstone, and coal. The Olympia Brewing Company was also established in the late 19th century and operated through 2003.

World War I and World War II resulted in population increases for the city as more people came to Olympia to work in wartime industries such as shipbuilding. Though the city and its population continued to grow, it did encounter hard times, including an earthquake in 1949 that destroyed much of the downtown area.

Today, Olympia has established itself as a center for art and music. It is also a center for activism and social justice.

Olympia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Olympiawas:

  • White: 82.08%
  • Asian: 7.09%
  • Two or more races: 5.26%
  • Black or African American: 2.63%
  • Other race: 1.39%
  • Native American: 1.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.55%
The current population of Olympia, Washington is 53,630 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 52,882.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 46,478.

Olympia, Washington Population 2021

2020 and 2021 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021299,4964,4801.50%
2020295,0164,4801.52%
2019290,5364,4801.54%
2018286,0565,7872.02%
2017280,2696,5552.34%
2016273,7145,7362.10%
2015267,9783,0691.15%
2014264,9093,0571.15%
2013261,8523,3251.27%
2012258,5272,1410.83%
2011256,3863,3851.32%
2010253,0010.00%

Olympia Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White42,30082.08%
Asian3,6537.09%
Two or More Races2,7125.26%
Black or African American1,3542.63%
Some Other Race7161.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native5141.00%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2850.55%
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Olympia Population by Race

Olympia Population Pyramid $2021

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Olympia Median Age

38.4


Total

36.1


Male

41.9


Female

Olympia Adults

There are 42,261 adults, (9,003 of whom are seniors) in Olympia.

Olympia Age Dependency

55

Age Dependency Ratio

27.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Olympia Sex Ratio

Female

26,401

51.23%

Male

25,133

48.77%

Olympia Population by Age

Olympia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Olympia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Female28.2%71.8%
Non Family32.1%67.9%
Male40.9%59.1%
All47%53%
Married71.9%28.1%

47.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Olympia Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All22,4092.2447
Non Family10,4821.432.1
Married8,455371.9
Female2,5792.8828.2
Male8933.0140.9

2.83

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

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Olympia Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,2913.46%
9th to 12th Grade1,4873.99%
High School Graduate6,13616.45%
Some College8,70723.34%
Associates Degree3,4069.13%
Bachelors Degree9,21524.70%
Graduate Degree7,06718.94%
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Olympia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Olympia Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White29,91228,45313,914
Asian2,5132,033864
Hispanic2,4301,776614
2+ Races1,4721,410562
Black781698330
Other Race40321798
Native American36926893
Islander192192

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.52%.

Olympia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,871$47,488$39,237
Less Than 9th Grade$28,854$30,804$27,519
High School Graduate$28,134$33,338$25,336
Some College$37,381$45,000$32,402
Bachelors Degree$47,302$50,216$45,657
Graduate Degree$67,999$82,697$59,989

$42,871

Average Earnings

$47,488

Average Male

$39,237

Average Female

Olympia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Olympia Language by Age

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Olympia Language

86.93% of Olympia residents speak only English, while 13.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 5.52% of the population.

Olympia Language

Olympia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White38,2605,48414.33%
Hispanic4,5241,14625.33%
Asian3,62045012.43%
Multiple2,63842216.00%
Black1,19124820.82%
Other71619126.68%
Native49710921.93%
Islander2727929.04%

15.66%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.30%

Male Poverty Rate

16.01%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Olympia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Olympia is Islander, with 29.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Olympia is Asian, with 12.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.83%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.63%.

Olympia Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade32.44%
High School19.55%
Some College15.53%
Bachelors or Greater6.07%

Olympia Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed41.63%
Female Unemployed16.84%
Female Employed10.57%
Male Employed8.69%

Olympia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Olympia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$59,878$78,809
Families$80,809$98,332
Married Families$98,407-
Non Families$41,897$52,981
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Income by Household Type

Olympia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.3%

Male Marriage Rate

38.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Olympia Married by Age and Sex

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Olympia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Olympia Marital Status by Race

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Olympia Marital Status

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3,789

Number of Veterans

3,347

Male Veterans

442

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,154
Second Gulf War990
First Gulf War858
Korea241
World War II167

Olympia Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,158
75+866
65 to 74756
55 to 64705
18 to 34304

Olympia Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White3,1839.09%
Black20919.87%
Asian1926.72%
Hispanic1544.96%
2+ Races1306.96%
Native American439.98%
Islander2412.50%
Other Race81.50%

Olympia Veterans by Race

Olympia Veterans by Education

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8.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Olympia Veterans by Education

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61.8%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

5.3%

Unemployment Rate

Olympia Employment by Age

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Olympia Employment by Race

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Olympia Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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43.06%

Born in Olympia

90.53%

Native Born

9.47%

Foreign Born

4.17%

Non Citizen

5.29%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.53% of Olympia residents were born in the United States, with 43.06% having been born in Washington. 4.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Olympia Place of Birth

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202153,6303740.70%
202053,2563740.71%
201952,8823740.71%
201852,5088481.64%
201751,6609281.83%
201650,7328831.77%
201549,8495221.06%
201449,3278541.76%
201348,4733840.80%
201248,0893930.82%
201147,6966291.34%
201047,0674,5531.02%
200042,5148,6742.31%
199033,8406,3932.12%
198027,4474,1511.65%
197023,2965,0232.46%
196018,2732,4541.45%
195015,8192,5651.78%
194013,2541,5211.23%
193011,7333,9384.17%
19207,7957991.09%
19106,9963,1336.12%
19003,863-835-1.94%
18904,6980.00%

Olympia Population by Year