Pensacola is a city located in Escambia County Florida. Pensacola has a 2023 population of 52,342. It is also the county seat of Escambia County.Pensacola is currently declining at a rate of -1.25% annually and its population has decreased by -3.71% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 54,359 in 2020.
The average household income in Pensacola is $84,806 with a poverty rate of 15.32%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Pensacola is 38.4 years, 35.5 years for males, and 41.2 years for females.
Pensacola is a seaport located along Pensacola Bay. Pensacola is known as The City of Five Flags because of the five governments that have governed the city throughout history. It is known for its beautiful white sand beaches, which thousands of tourists visit each year.
A little less than 46% of the population practice a religion, falling below the national average. Almost half of those that practice a religion are Baptist, making up over 22% of the total population. Other faiths include Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, and Methodist, to name a few. The city also has a small community of Jewish residents.
Pensacola has over 24,000 households, with almost 25% having children. The average household size is 2.27. Over 16% of the city’s population lives below the federal poverty line.
For the most part, Pensacola has seen significant growth in its population. By 1960, the city had over 50,000 inhabitants. This number fell slightly during the 1980s before climbing again in the 1990s. At the time of the 2000 census, the population had dropped again, and recorded an even higher decline at the time of the 2010 census. This could be due to the effects of Hurricane Ivan which drove up the price of housing and led to a shortage of affordable housing. However, the estimated population reflects an increase of over 3%, indicating that this city is once again becoming an appealing home for many new residents.
The Pensacola people originally inhabited what is now Pensacola upon the arrival of the Europeans. However, the city’s history extends far beyond that. Mounds that served as a ceremonial center were discovered close to the city and were thought to be occupied as far back as 1250 AD. The first Europeans reached Pensacola in the 1500s, with the written history showing that Pensacola Bay was called “Bay of Ochuse” by explorers. It was in 1559 when ships carrying about 1,500 people arrived in the area to establish an outpost during which an area in South Carolina was going to be colonized. However, the colony was hit by a hurricane, leaving survivors struggling to live.
Many of these survivors moved to central Alabama before returning. Another attempt to colonize what is now Parris Island was held up again with another storm. Survivors at this time moved to Cuba before heading back to Florida and eventually back to Spain. It was decided that Florida was too dangerous for settlement.
The French began their exploration of the area during the late 17th century. A fortified town was established in 1698 and was the foundation for settlement in the area. During its earliest years of European settlement, Pensacola served as a trading post. In 1763, the British took control of the area following the French and Indian War. The city was captured by the Spanish and went back under its authority following the American Revolution.
The city began to become a major center for trade in the late 1700s. It was in 1819 when the U.S. purchased Florida for $5 million. At the time, there were over 180 households, primarily consisting of French and Spanish Creole inhabitants. In 1821, Pensacola became part of the U.S. Tensions between the white people and the Indians inhabiting the area grew, leading to discrimination. In 1853, Indians were prohibited from living in the state and were removed from Pensacola.
Over the years, the city has seen its share of major hurricanes, including Hurricane Ivan in 2004 that devastated the area. There was over $6 billion in damage, and tens of thousands of homes were damaged or destroyed. Housing prices went up because of this.
Pensacola is also the site of the Naval Air Station Pensacola, which was the first air station in the U.S. The Blue Angels are also stationed here. Today, the city is known for its beautiful historic neighborhoods, landmarks, and annual events. It is also a popular tourist destination because of its beaches, which have been nicknamed the World’s Whitest Beaches.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Pensacola was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.26%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
95.23% of Pensacola residents speak only English, while 4.77% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.15% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Pensacola is Black, with 45.41% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Pensacola is White, with 8.58% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.93%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.98%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Pensacola
96.16% of Pensacola residents were born in the United States, with 48.14% having been born in Florida. 1.48% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.