Peoria, Illinois Population 2020

108,194
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Peoria is a city located in Illinois. With a 2020 population of 108,194, it is the 8th largest city in Illinois and the 288th largest city in the United States. Peoria is currently declining at a rate of -1.45% annually and its population has decreased by -5.92% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 115,007 in 2010. Peoria reached it's highest population of 126,963 in 1970. Spanning over 50 miles, Peoria has a population density of 2,254 people per square mile.

The average household income in Peoria is $72,101 with a poverty rate of 20.67%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $784 per month, and the median house value is $126,400. The median age in Peoria is 34.9 years, 33.5 years for males, and 36.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males.

Peoria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Peoria was:

  • White: 59.86%
  • Black or African American: 27.01%
  • Asian: 5.86%
  • Two or more races: 4.52%
  • Other race: 2.39%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Peoria, Illinois is 108,194, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 111,388.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 115,007.

Peoria, Illinois Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020361,499-3,437-0.95%
2019364,936-3,437-0.94%
2018368,373-3,437-0.93%
2017371,810-3,459-0.93%
2016375,269-1,896-0.51%
2015377,165-2,351-0.62%
2014379,516-2,260-0.60%
2013381,7761,4990.39%
2012380,2775290.14%
2011379,7487720.20%
2010378,9760.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White68,54859.86%
Black or African American30,93527.01%
Asian6,7085.86%
Two or More Races5,1734.52%
Some Other Race2,7332.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native4030.35%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander120.01%
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Peoria Population Pyramid 2020

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Peoria Median Age

34.9


Total

33.5


Male

36.3


Female

Peoria Adults

There are 86,579 adults, (17,009 of whom are seniors) in Peoria.

Peoria Age Dependency

64.6

Age Dependency Ratio

24.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Peoria Sex Ratio

Female

59,778

52.20%

Male

54,734

47.80%

Peoria Households and Families

Peoria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Peoria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.2%17.8%
All56%44%
Male52.7%47.3%
Non Family42.9%57.1%
Female33.2%66.8%

56.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All46,2802.3956
Non Family20,2301.2342.9
Married16,8183.1482.2
Female7,4653.5933.2
Male1,7673.452.7

3.18

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Peoria Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,7263.67%
9th to 12th Grade5,5627.49%
High School Graduate17,75023.91%
Some College16,04921.62%
Associates Degree6,3988.62%
Bachelors Degree15,45820.82%
Graduate Degree10,30413.88%
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Peoria Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White47,77344,58819,049
Black17,13513,6742,251
Asian4,3024,0573,278
Hispanic3,3912,298723
Other Race1,424893262
Multiple Races1,4041,069347
Native American25525369

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 99.22%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.20%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,229$46,378$31,262
Less Than High School$19,611$25,698$15,594
High School Grad$24,518$28,490$20,609
Some College$31,928$37,459$27,701
Bachelors Degree$51,584$62,581$44,309
Graduate Degree$75,601$94,531$56,084

$38,229

Average Earnings

$46,378

Average Male

$31,262

Average Female

Peoria Language

Peoria Language by Age

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Peoria Language

87.93% of Peoria residents speak only English, while 12.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.07% of the population.

Peoria Poverty

Peoria Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black30,28010,76435.55%
White62,1528,78014.13%
Hispanic6,6481,98729.89%
Multiple5,0741,07721.23%
Asian6,5815638.55%
Other2,73346216.90%
Native403338.19%
Islander12433.33%

20.67%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.39%

Male Poverty Rate

22.76%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Peoria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Black, with 35.55% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Peoria is Native, with 8.19% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.79%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.53%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.28%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.70%
High School25.32%
Some College14.59%
Bachelors or Greater4.52%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed62.00%
Male Unemployed37.44%
Female Employed12.53%
Male Employed5.31%

Peoria Income

Peoria Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,688$72,101
Families$66,607$92,025
Married Families$92,822$120,282
Non Families$31,542$43,888
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Peoria Marital Status

Peoria Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.6%

Male Marriage Rate

37.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Peoria Married by Age and Sex

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Peoria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Peoria Marital Status by Race

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Peoria Veterans

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5,831

Number of Veterans

5,439

Male Veterans

392

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,184
Second Gulf War1,034
First Gulf War977
Korea539
World War II299
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 741,692
35 to 541,403
75+1,377
55 to 64842
18 to 34517
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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,5598.05%
Black1,0975.29%
Hispanic1563.69%
Other764.20%
2 or More602.72%
Asian250.52%
Indian144.55%

Peoria Veterans by Education

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12.01%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.70%

Veteran Disability Rate

Peoria Employment Status

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61.5%

Labor Force Participation

55.3%

Employment Rate

10%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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71.97%

Born in Illinois

92.07%

Native Born

7.93%

Foreign Born

4.77%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.07% of Peoria residents were born in the United States, with 71.97% having been born in Illinois. 4.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020108,194-1,597-1.45%
2019109,791-1,597-1.43%
2018111,388-1,204-1.07%
2017112,592-1,597-1.40%
2016114,189-961-0.83%
2015115,150-766-0.66%
2014115,916-683-0.59%
2013116,5998530.74%
2012115,7463730.32%
2011115,3734370.38%
2010114,9362,0000.18%
2000112,936-568-0.05%
1990113,504-10,656-0.89%
1980124,160-2,803-0.22%
1970126,96323,8012.10%
1960103,162-8,694-0.81%
1950111,8566,7690.63%
1940105,0871180.01%
1930104,96928,8483.27%
192076,1219,1711.29%
191066,95010,8501.78%
190056,10015,0763.18%
189041,02411,7653.44%
188029,2596,4102.50%
187022,8498,8044.99%
186014,0458,95010.67%
18505,0953,59513.01%
18401,5000.00%