Rolla, Missouri Population 2023

20,057

Rolla is a city located in Phelps County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Phelps County. With a 2023 population of 20,057, it is the 38th largest city in Missouri and the 2306th largest city in the United States.Rolla is currently growing at a rate of 0.19% annually but its population has decreased by -1.07% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 20,273 in 2020. Spanning over 12 miles, Rolla has a population density of 1,654 people per square mile.

The average household income in Rolla is $53,602 with a poverty rate of 27.51%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Rolla is 26.8 years, 24 years for males, and 32.5 years for females.

Rolla Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Rolla was:

  • White: 85.33%
  • Asian: 6.69%
  • Two or more races: 4.03%
  • Black or African American: 3.14%
  • Other race: 0.52%
  • Native American: 0.29%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Rolla, Missouri is 20,057 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 20,273.

Rolla, Missouri Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Asian

Two or more races

Black or African American

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Rolla Population by Race

Rolla Population Pyramid 2023

Rolla Median Age

26.8

Total

24

Male

32.5

Female

Rolla Adults

There are 16,784 adults, (2,835 of whom are seniors) in Rolla.

Rolla Age Dependency

45.3

Age Dependency Ratio

20.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25

Child Dependency Ratio

Rolla Sex Ratio

Female9,11144.94%
Male11,16255.06%

Rolla Population by Age

Rolla Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

2.69

Average Family Size

2.06

Average Household Size

40.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Rolla Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Rolla Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Rolla Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 100.00%.

Rolla Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$34,902

Average Earnings

$41,803

Average Male

$28,413

Average Female

Rolla Earnings by Educational Attainment

Rolla Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Rolla Language

90.13% of Rolla residents speak only English, while 9.87% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 5.53% of the population.

Rolla Language

Rolla Poverty by Race

rate

27.51%

Overall Poverty Rate

31.99%

Male Poverty Rate

22.32%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rolla

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rolla is Hispanic, with 93.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rolla is White, with 22.01% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 49.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 39.18%.

Rolla Poverty

Rolla Poverty Rate by Education

Rolla Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Rolla Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Rolla Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

34.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

31.2%

Male Marriage Rate

39.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Rolla Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Rolla Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Rolla Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Rolla Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,213

Number of Veterans

1,062

Male Veterans

151

Female Veterans

Rolla Veterans by War

Rolla Veterans by Age

count

Rolla Veterans by Race

Rolla Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

3.78%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.01%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rolla Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

49.3%

Labor Force Participation

46.9%

Employment Rate

4.8%

Unemployment Rate

Rolla Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Rolla Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Rolla Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

58.35%

Born in Rolla

92.41%

Native Born

9.24%

Foreign Born

7.03%

Non Citizen

2.22%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.41% of Rolla residents were born in the United States, with 58.35% having been born in Missouri. 7.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Rolla Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Rolla Population by Year