Salem, Missouri Population 2023

4,506

Salem is a city located in Dent County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Dent County. With a 2023 population of 4,506, it is the 161st largest city in Missouri and the 7056th largest city in the United States.Salem is currently declining at a rate of -0.75% annually and its population has decreased by -8.12% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 4,904 in 2020. Spanning over 3 miles, Salem has a population density of 1,419 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salem is $42,943 with a poverty rate of 28.42%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Salem is 44.1 years, 36.6 years for males, and 49.3 years for females.

Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salem was:

  • White: 91.84%
  • Two or more races: 6.22%
  • Other race: 0.94%
  • Black or African American: 0.53%
  • Native American: 0.47%
  • Asian: 0.00%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Salem, Missouri is 4,506 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 4,904.

Salem, Missouri Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Two or more races

Other race

Black or African American

Native American

Asian

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Salem Population by Race

Salem Population Pyramid 2023

Salem Median Age

44.1

Total

36.6

Male

49.3

Female

Salem Adults

There are 3,883 adults, (1,230 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

84.8

Age Dependency Ratio

46.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female2,78756.83%
Male2,11743.17%

Salem Population by Age

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

2.92

Average Family Size

2.05

Average Household Size

48.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Salem Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 12.68%.

Salem Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$30,092

Average Earnings

$33,833

Average Male

$21,075

Average Female

Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Salem Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Salem Language

97.72% of Salem residents speak only English, while 2.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.92% of the population.

Salem Language

Salem Poverty by Race

rate

28.42%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.78%

Male Poverty Rate

25.71%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Black, with 88.46% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is White, with 26.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.91%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.86%.

Salem Poverty

Salem Poverty Rate by Education

Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Salem Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Salem Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

38.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.8%

Male Marriage Rate

28.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 20-34.

Salem Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Salem Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

324

Number of Veterans

277

Male Veterans

47

Female Veterans

Salem Veterans by War

Salem Veterans by Age

count

Salem Veterans by Race

Salem Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

0.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

55.6%

Labor Force Participation

51.2%

Employment Rate

7.9%

Unemployment Rate

Salem Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Salem Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Salem Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

78.97%

Born in Salem

105.69%

Native Born

0.74%

Foreign Born

0.00%

Non Citizen

0.74%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

105.69% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 78.97% having been born in Missouri. 0.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Salem Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Salem Population by Year