Salem, Virginia Population 2020

26,091
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Salem is a city located in Virginia. With a 2020 population of 26,091, it is the 21st largest city in Virginia and the 1466th largest city in the United States. Salem is currently growing at a rate of 0.87% annually and its population has increased by 5.20% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 24,802 in 2010. Spanning over 15 miles, Salem has a population density of 1,797 people per square mile.

The average household income in Salem is $75,752 with a poverty rate of 9.10%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $915 per month, and the median house value is $176,800. The median age in Salem is 41.3 years, 40.6 years for males, and 42.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 87.4 males.

Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Salem was:

  • White: 87.26%
  • Black or African American: 7.02%
  • Two or more races: 3.31%
  • Asian: 1.84%
  • Other race: 0.36%
  • Native American: 0.13%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Salem, Virginia is 26,091, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 25,643.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 24,802.

Salem, Virginia Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White22,26887.26%
Black or African American1,7927.02%
Two or More Races8443.31%
Asian4701.84%
Some Other Race910.36%
American Indian and Alaska Native340.13%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander200.08%
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Salem Population Pyramid 2020

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Salem Median Age

41.3


Total

40.6


Male

42.1


Female

Salem Adults

There are 20,602 adults, (4,731 of whom are seniors) in Salem.

Salem Age Dependency

60.8

Age Dependency Ratio

29.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31

Child Dependency Ratio

Salem Sex Ratio

Female

13,617

53.36%

Male

11,902

46.64%

Salem Households and Families

Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married84.3%15.7%
All64.9%35.1%
Non Family51.7%48.3%
Male47.7%52.3%
Female45.3%54.7%

64.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All9,8812.3364.9
Married4,3293.0584.3
Non Family3,8021.1951.7
Female1,4253.0245.3
Male3253.1147.7

2.97

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

4.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Salem Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6113.58%
9th to 12th Grade1,1596.78%
High School Graduate4,90128.69%
Some College3,51120.55%
Associates Degree1,93411.32%
Bachelors Degree3,04617.83%
Graduate Degree1,92011.24%
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Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White15,17413,7804,525
Black1,023873146
Hispanic340274146
Asian296216127
Multiple Races23917336
Other Race4713
Native American2020
Islander101010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,431$46,674$35,450
Less Than High School$22,982$34,250$
High School Grad$31,985$35,164$29,190
Some College$37,240$42,700$31,742
Bachelors Degree$56,416$64,423$46,689
Graduate Degree$59,688$66,845$56,133

$40,431

Average Earnings

$46,674

Average Male

$35,450

Average Female

Salem Language

Salem Language by Age

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Salem Language

96.39% of Salem residents speak only English, while 3.61% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.08% of the population.

Salem Poverty

Salem Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White19,8241,3176.64%
Black1,54845829.59%
Asian40714234.89%
Hispanic7578711.49%
Multiple680446.47%
Other612744.26%
Native2020100.00%

9.10%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.19%

Male Poverty Rate

9.90%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Salem is Native, with 100.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Salem is Multiple, with 6.47% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 6.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 17.18%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.32%
High School8.31%
Some College6.70%
Bachelors or Greater2.25%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.95%
Male Unemployed7.21%
Female Employed4.72%
Male Employed3.10%

Salem Income

Salem Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$57,185$75,752
Families$75,164$92,372
Married Families$86,875-
Non Families$36,739$46,655
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Salem Marital Status

Salem Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.6%

Male Marriage Rate

40.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Salem Married by Age and Sex

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Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Salem Marital Status by Race

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Salem Veterans

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1,994

Number of Veterans

1,806

Male Veterans

188

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam621
First Gulf War425
Second Gulf War413
Korea211
World War II129
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74557
75+517
35 to 54398
55 to 64269
18 to 34253
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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,84810.14%
Hispanic11920.77%
Black1098.25%
2 or More152.79%
Other1424.56%
Asian82.13%

Salem Veterans by Education

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6.77%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Salem Employment Status

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61.1%

Labor Force Participation

57.8%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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68.17%

Born in Virginia

97.43%

Native Born

2.57%

Foreign Born

1.46%

Non Citizen

1.11%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.43% of Salem residents were born in the United States, with 68.17% having been born in Virginia. 1.46% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202026,0912240.87%
201925,8672240.87%
201825,643-19-0.07%
201725,6622240.88%
201625,438120.05%
201525,426-1-0.00%
201425,4271130.45%
201325,3141390.55%
201225,1751540.62%
201125,0211270.51%
201024,8941470.06%
200024,7479910.41%
199023,756-202-0.08%
198023,9581,9760.86%
197021,9825,9243.19%
196016,0589,2358.94%
19506,8231,0861.75%
19405,7379041.73%
19304,8336741.51%
19204,1593100.78%
19103,8494371.21%
19003,4121330.40%
18903,2790.00%