Selma, Alabama Population 2020

17,886

Selma, Alabama's estimated population is 17,886 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Selma, Alabama is the 35th largest city in Alabama based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1295.23 people/mi² (500.09 people/km²).

The overall median age is 36.5 years, 32 years for males, and 39.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 79.1 males.

The median income for households in Selma, Alabama is $, while the mean household income is $.

Selma Al Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Selma Al was:

  • Black or African American: 81.47%
  • White: 16.97%
  • Asian: 1.01%
  • Two or more races: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
  • Native American: 0.03%
  • Other race: 0.00%

How Many People Live in Selma, Alabama?

17,886
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201817,886-492-2.68%
201718,378-461-2.45%
201618,839-436-2.26%
201519,275-338-1.72%
201419,613-175-0.88%
201319,788-412-2.04%
201220,200-306-1.49%
201120,506-278-1.34%
201020,7842720.13%
200020,512-3,243-1.46%
199023,755-2,929-1.16%
198026,684-695-0.26%
197027,379-1,006-0.36%
196028,3855,5452.20%
195022,8403,0061.42%
194019,8341,8220.97%
193018,0122,4231.46%
192015,5891,9401.34%
191013,6494,9364.59%
19008,7131,0911.35%
18907,622930.12%
18807,5291,0451.51%
18706,4843,3077.39%
18603,1771040.33%
18503,0730.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American15,31981.47%
White3,19116.97%
Asian1891.01%
Two or More Races770.41%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander230.12%
American Indian and Alaska Native50.03%

Selma Al Population Pyramid 2020

Selma Al Median Age

36.5


Total

32


Male

39.4


Female

Selma Al Adults

There are 13,959 adults, (3,011 of whom are seniors) in Selma Al.

Selma Al Age Dependency

71.8

Age Dependency Ratio

27.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

44.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Selma Al Sex Ratio

Female

10,501

55.84%

Male

8,303

44.16%

Selma Al Households and Families

Selma Al Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Selma Al Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.4%22.6%
Male49.9%50.1%
All44.1%55.9%
Non Family36.7%63.3%
Female24%76%

44.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,7962.3544.1
Non Family3,2051.1136.7
Female2,1983.5224
Married1,9502.977.4
Male4433.0749.9

3.1

Average Family Size

2.35

Average Household Size

5.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Selma Al Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4123.47%
9th to 12th Grade1,98016.69%
High School Graduate3,75131.62%
Some College2,44020.57%
Associates Degree1,1509.69%
Bachelors Degree1,1269.49%
Graduate Degree1,0038.46%

Selma Al Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black9,0637,0141,100
White2,5132,217872
Hispanic146126
Asian129129118
Multiple Races773434
Islander2319
Native American555

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$24,746$31,600$21,877
Less Than High School$16,095$14,395$17,078
High School Grad$17,068$22,451$14,167
Some College$27,167$33,179$22,500
Bachelors Degree$40,791$49,688$32,083
Graduate Degree$50,435$48,214$51,750

$24,746

Average Earnings

$31,600

Average Male

$21,877

Average Female

Selma Al Language

Selma Al Language by Age

Selma Al Language

97.72% of Selma Al residents speak only English, while 2.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 0.81% of the population.

Selma Al Poverty

Selma Al Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black15,0097,02846.83%
White2,89241114.21%
Hispanic1944925.26%
Multiple7767.79%

40.98%

Overall Poverty Rate

38.64%

Male Poverty Rate

42.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Selma Al

The race most likely to be in poverty in Selma Al is Black, with 46.83% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Selma Al is Multiple, with 7.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 12.60%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 47.74%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School44.94%
High School40.71%
Some College27.52%
Bachelors or Greater5.98%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed65.38%
Female Unemployed63.19%
Female Employed18.14%
Male Employed15.57%

Selma Al Income

Selma Al Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$24,820$39,467
Families$31,539$49,316
Married Families$68,989-
Non Families$17,577$23,694

Selma Al Marital Status

Selma Al Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.0%

Male Marriage Rate

25.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Selma Al Married by Age and Sex

Selma Al Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Selma Al Marital Status by Race

Selma Al Veterans

1,028

Number of Veterans

935

Male Veterans

93

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam427
Second Gulf War174
First Gulf War151
Korea88
World War II68

Selma Al Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black7246.67%
White28510.00%
Hispanic199.79%
Hawaiian1982.61%

Selma Al Veterans by Education

27.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.62%

Veteran Disability Rate

Selma Al Employment Status

49.8%

Labor Force Participation

41.9%

Employment Rate

15.7%

Unemployment Rate

Selma Al Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

89.09%

Born in Alabama

98.26%

Native Born

1.74%

Foreign Born

1.43%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

98.26% of Selma Al residents were born in the United States, with 89.09% having been born in Alabama. 1.43% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.