Springfield, Illinois Population 2020

112,990
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Springfield is a city located in Illinois. With a 2020 population of 112,990, it is the 6th largest city in Illinois and the 267th largest city in the United States. Springfield is currently declining at a rate of -0.75% annually and its population has decreased by -2.80% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 116,250 in 2010. Springfield reached it's highest population of 117,930 in 2012. Spanning over 67 miles, Springfield has a population density of 1,854 people per square mile.

The average household income in Springfield is $75,852 with a poverty rate of 19.65%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $789 per month, and the median house value is $127,500. The median age in Springfield is 39 years, 36.7 years for males, and 41.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 90.0 males.

Springfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Springfield was:

  • White: 72.90%
  • Black or African American: 19.86%
  • Two or more races: 3.32%
  • Asian: 2.89%
  • Other race: 0.84%
  • Native American: 0.14%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Springfield, Illinois is 112,990, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 114,694.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 116,250.

Springfield, Illinois Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020204,558-1,539-0.75%
2019206,097-1,539-0.75%
2018207,636-1,539-0.74%
2017209,175-1,228-0.59%
2016210,403-836-0.40%
2015211,239-446-0.21%
2014211,685-17-0.01%
2013211,702-378-0.18%
2012212,0803670.17%
2011211,7131,2500.59%
2010210,4630.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White84,89772.90%
Black or African American23,12719.86%
Two or More Races3,8713.32%
Asian3,3702.89%
Some Other Race9820.84%
American Indian and Alaska Native1590.14%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander530.05%
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Springfield Population Pyramid 2020

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Springfield Median Age

39


Total

36.7


Male

41.3


Female

Springfield Adults

There are 90,788 adults, (19,658 of whom are seniors) in Springfield.

Springfield Age Dependency

63.7

Age Dependency Ratio

27.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Springfield Sex Ratio

Female

61,283

52.62%

Male

55,176

47.38%

Springfield Households and Families

Springfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Springfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married84.9%15.1%
All61.5%38.5%
Male57.1%42.9%
Non Family50.5%49.5%
Female38.7%61.3%

61.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All50,8902.2261.5
Non Family22,6371.2150.5
Married18,4492.9284.9
Female7,6573.238.7
Male2,1473.3157.1

2.93

Average Family Size

2.22

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Springfield Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,6402.05%
9th to 12th Grade5,5366.91%
High School Graduate21,19026.45%
Some College17,23821.52%
Associates Degree5,8307.28%
Bachelors Degree17,39121.71%
Graduate Degree11,28914.09%
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Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White62,49758,19024,041
Black12,65010,2222,204
Asian2,1171,9871,461
Hispanic1,6871,476585
Multiple Races1,2251,088363
Other Race458398172
Native American1029212
Islander53476

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 93.86%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 69.01%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,742$45,513$32,059
Less Than High School$17,811$21,382$14,827
High School Grad$27,053$30,480$24,068
Some College$32,447$38,172$30,452
Bachelors Degree$52,017$63,176$41,346
Graduate Degree$67,656$85,781$56,312

$38,742

Average Earnings

$45,513

Average Male

$32,059

Average Female

Springfield Language

Springfield Language by Age

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Springfield Language

93.78% of Springfield residents speak only English, while 6.22% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.10% of the population.

Springfield Poverty

Springfield Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White81,03910,74613.26%
Black22,3269,15541.01%
Multiple3,73696725.88%
Asian3,26463619.49%
Hispanic2,87463622.13%
Other90642446.80%
Native11154.50%

19.65%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.61%

Male Poverty Rate

20.58%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Springfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Other, with 46.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Native, with 4.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.48%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.34%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.50%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School38.17%
High School18.83%
Some College14.79%
Bachelors or Greater5.38%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.79%
Male Unemployed42.00%
Female Employed11.50%
Male Employed7.10%

Springfield Income

Springfield Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,405$75,852
Families$72,987$97,223
Married Families$95,533$125,480
Non Families$35,966$47,488
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Springfield Marital Status

Springfield Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.6%

Male Marriage Rate

38.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Springfield Married by Age and Sex

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Springfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Springfield Marital Status by Race

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Springfield Veterans

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7,320

Number of Veterans

6,742

Male Veterans

578

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,659
First Gulf War1,434
Second Gulf War1,107
Korea722
World War II361
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Age Group Veterans
75+1,845
65 to 741,790
35 to 541,674
55 to 641,412
18 to 34599
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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,2688.96%
Black8625.52%
Hispanic1014.97%
2 or More855.05%
Asian521.94%
Other367.14%
Indian116.92%
Hawaiian611.32%

Springfield Veterans by Education

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8.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Springfield Employment Status

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62.6%

Labor Force Participation

57.8%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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78.10%

Born in Illinois

95.80%

Native Born

4.20%

Foreign Born

2.39%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.80% of Springfield residents were born in the United States, with 78.10% having been born in Illinois. 2.39% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020112,990-852-0.75%
2019113,842-852-0.74%
2018114,694-994-0.86%
2017115,688-852-0.73%
2016116,540-691-0.59%
2015117,231-270-0.23%
2014117,501-136-0.12%
2013117,637-293-0.25%
2012117,9301500.13%
2011117,7806390.55%
2010117,1415,6870.50%
2000111,4546,2270.58%
1990105,2275,1730.51%
1980100,0548,3010.87%
197091,7538,4820.97%
196083,2711,6430.20%
195081,6286,1250.78%
194075,5033,6390.50%
193071,86412,6811.96%
192059,1837,5051.37%
191051,67817,5194.23%
190034,1599,1963.19%
189024,9635,2202.37%
188019,7432,3791.29%
187017,3648,0446.42%
18609,3204,7877.47%
18504,5331,9545.80%
18402,5790.00%