Springfield, Massachusetts Population 2020

155,472
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Springfield is a city located in Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 155,472, it is the 3rd largest city in Massachusetts (after Boston and Worcester) and the 167th largest city in the United States. Springfield is currently growing at a rate of 0.14% annually and its population has increased by 1.58% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 153,060 in 2010. Springfield reached it's highest population of 174,463 in 1960. Spanning over 33 miles, Springfield has a population density of 4,879 people per square mile.

The average household income in Springfield is $53,323 with a poverty rate of 28.65%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $847 per month, and the median house value is $152,400. The median age in Springfield is 33 years, 30.6 years for males, and 35.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 90.8 males.

Springfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Springfield was:

  • White: 62.67%
  • Black or African American: 20.90%
  • Other race: 9.17%
  • Two or more races: 4.59%
  • Asian: 2.18%
  • Native American: 0.45%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Springfield, Massachusetts is 155,472, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 155,032.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 153,060.

Springfield, Massachusetts Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020636,2712,2550.35%
2019634,0162,2550.36%
2018631,7612,2550.36%
2017629,506-172-0.03%
2016629,678-320-0.05%
2015629,998-433-0.07%
2014630,4311,8050.29%
2013628,6261,2590.20%
2012627,3671,1030.18%
2011626,2642,6880.43%
2010623,5760.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White96,88762.67%
Black or African American32,31420.90%
Some Other Race14,1769.17%
Two or More Races7,1014.59%
Asian3,3662.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native6950.45%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander570.04%
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Springfield Population Pyramid 2020

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Springfield Median Age

33


Total

30.6


Male

35.3


Female

Springfield Adults

There are 115,511 adults, (18,992 of whom are seniors) in Springfield.

Springfield Age Dependency

60.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Springfield Sex Ratio

Female

81,039

52.42%

Male

73,557

47.58%

Springfield Households and Families

Springfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Springfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.2%29.8%
Male47.2%52.8%
All45.8%54.2%
Non Family41.1%58.9%
Female26.1%73.9%

45.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All56,4762.6445.8
Non Family20,7071.2441.1
Married16,6203.4170.2
Female15,7053.5326.1
Male3,4443.2947.2

3.31

Average Family Size

2.64

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Springfield Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9,2199.68%
9th to 12th Grade12,32012.93%
High School Graduate29,90531.39%
Some College18,11919.02%
Associates Degree7,9368.33%
Bachelors Degree10,96911.51%
Graduate Degree6,7987.14%
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Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White36,65132,5439,981
Hispanic36,43822,3493,076
Black19,40716,6323,816
Other Race8,1914,936551
Multiple Races2,7242,333600
Asian2,2461,485577
Native American41214613
Islander45456

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 27.23%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,845$35,579$30,129
Less Than High School$20,932$22,556$17,434
High School Grad$29,271$31,715$24,692
Some College$32,636$40,327$29,940
Bachelors Degree$44,535$50,712$41,618
Graduate Degree$56,715$53,600$57,519

$31,845

Average Earnings

$35,579

Average Male

$30,129

Average Female

Springfield Language

Springfield Language by Age

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Springfield Language

61.06% of Springfield residents speak only English, while 38.94% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.33% of the population.

Springfield Poverty

Springfield Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic68,49929,52343.10%
Other14,0657,01449.87%
Black31,8746,78721.29%
White45,0955,89913.08%
Multiple7,0332,18331.04%
Asian3,20189728.02%
Native69530443.74%

28.65%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.26%

Male Poverty Rate

31.71%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Springfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Other, with 49.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Springfield is White, with 13.08% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.29%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.71%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.87%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School42.81%
High School20.70%
Some College19.83%
Bachelors or Greater8.87%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.48%
Male Unemployed36.13%
Female Employed13.60%
Male Employed7.25%

Springfield Income

Springfield Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$36,730$53,323
Families$42,806$60,285
Married Families$70,479$84,454
Non Families$24,008$36,737
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Springfield Marital Status

Springfield Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.0%

Male Marriage Rate

28.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Springfield Married by Age and Sex

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Springfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Springfield Marital Status by Race

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Springfield Veterans

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5,666

Number of Veterans

5,139

Male Veterans

527

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,889
First Gulf War979
Second Gulf War900
Korea492
World War II185
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,345
55 to 641,323
65 to 741,259
75+1,232
18 to 34507
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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,3895.84%
Black9494.06%
Hispanic8991.97%
Other1551.54%
2 or More1062.78%
Asian421.65%
Indian193.82%
Hawaiian610.53%

Springfield Veterans by Education

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11.03%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.32%

Veteran Disability Rate

Springfield Employment Status

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57.7%

Labor Force Participation

52%

Employment Rate

9.9%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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56.01%

Born in Massachusetts

90.23%

Native Born

9.77%

Foreign Born

4.91%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.23% of Springfield residents were born in the United States, with 56.01% having been born in Massachusetts. 4.91% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020155,4722200.14%
2019155,2522200.14%
2018155,0325340.35%
2017154,4982200.14%
2016154,278-462-0.30%
2015154,7402270.15%
2014154,5133270.21%
2013154,1861300.08%
2012154,0561740.11%
2011153,8822690.18%
2010153,6131,5310.10%
2000152,082-4,901-0.32%
1990156,9834,6640.30%
1980152,319-11,586-0.73%
1970163,905-10,558-0.62%
1960174,46312,0640.72%
1950162,39912,8450.83%
1940149,554-346-0.02%
1930149,90020,2861.46%
1920129,61440,6883.84%
191088,92626,8673.66%
190062,05917,8803.46%
189044,17910,8392.85%
188033,3406,6372.24%
187026,70311,5045.80%
186015,1993,4332.59%
185011,7667810.69%
184010,9854,2014.94%
18306,7842,8845.69%
18203,9001,1003.37%
18102,8005001.99%
18002,3007003.70%
17901,6000.00%