Springfield, Massachusetts Population 2021

152,160
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Springfield is a city located in Hampden County Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 152,160, it is the 3rd largest city in Massachusetts (after Boston and Worcester) and the 173rd largest city in the United States . Springfield is currently declining at a rate of -0.47% annually and its population has decreased by -0.59% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 153,060 in 2010. Springfield reached it's highest population of 174,463 in 1960. Spanning over 33 miles, Springfield has a population density of 4,775 people per square mile.

The average household income in Springfield is $55,658 with a poverty rate of 26.94%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $877 per month, and the median house value is $156,200. The median age in Springfield is 33.4 years, 30.8 years for males, and 35.6 years for females.

Springfield Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Springfield was:

  • White: 63.33%
  • Black or African American: 20.94%
  • Other race: 8.08%
  • Two or more races: 4.51%
  • Asian: 2.70%
  • Native American: 0.44%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Springfield, Massachusetts is 152,160 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 154,329.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 153,060.

Springfield, Massachusetts Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021691,870-2,756-0.40%
2020694,626-2,756-0.40%
2019697,382-2,756-0.40%
2018700,1387510.11%
2017699,387-417-0.06%
2016699,804-884-0.13%
2015700,688-983-0.14%
2014701,6711,7070.24%
2013699,9649030.13%
2012699,0611,0440.15%
2011698,0173,0820.44%
2010694,9350.00%

Springfield Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White97,61463.33%
Black or African American32,27820.94%
Some Other Race12,4508.08%
Two or More Races6,9514.51%
Asian4,1572.70%
American Indian and Alaska Native6780.44%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander110.01%
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Springfield Population by Race

Springfield Population Pyramid $2021

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Springfield Median Age

33.4


Total

30.8


Male

35.6


Female

Springfield Adults

There are 115,921 adults, (19,392 of whom are seniors) in Springfield.

Springfield Age Dependency

59.7

Age Dependency Ratio

20.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Springfield Sex Ratio

Female

80,390

52.15%

Male

73,749

47.85%

Springfield Population by Age

Springfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Springfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70%30%
Male52.8%47.2%
All46.6%53.4%
Non Family41.2%58.8%
Female27.1%72.9%

46.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Springfield Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All56,3582.6446.6
Non Family21,2121.2341.2
Married16,4793.4170
Female14,9063.5527.1
Male3,7613.5352.8

3.34

Average Family Size

2.64

Average Household Size

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Springfield Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,8199.19%
9th to 12th Grade11,72612.23%
High School Graduate31,15332.48%
Some College18,58419.38%
Associates Degree7,8468.18%
Bachelors Degree11,10311.58%
Graduate Degree6,6836.97%
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Springfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic37,06323,6072,992
White35,93432,1319,734
Black19,79617,2154,092
Other Race7,4844,812577
Asian2,8641,956736
2+ Races2,5582,158529
Native American43518316

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.42%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 27.09%.

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,499$37,627$30,820
Less Than 9th Grade$20,017$21,294$17,629
High School Graduate$30,859$35,458$26,302
Some College$32,445$41,134$30,321
Bachelors Degree$46,679$51,577$41,910
Graduate Degree$59,530$60,668$58,638

$32,499

Average Earnings

$37,627

Average Male

$30,820

Average Female

Springfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Springfield Language by Age

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Springfield Language

60.91% of Springfield residents speak only English, while 39.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.97% of the population.

Springfield Language

Springfield Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic68,75426,73238.88%
Black31,7637,54423.75%
White44,1995,63812.76%
Other12,4095,24542.27%
Multiple6,8782,04129.67%
Asian3,94894824.01%
Native67821231.27%

26.94%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.99%

Male Poverty Rate

29.63%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Springfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Other, with 42.27% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Springfield is White, with 12.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.24%.

Springfield Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade40.18%
High School20.04%
Some College18.72%
Bachelors or Greater8.16%

Springfield Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed54.54%
Male Unemployed29.94%
Female Employed12.21%
Male Employed7.52%

Springfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Springfield Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$39,432$55,658
Families$47,362$63,654
Married Families$74,382$87,196
Non Families$24,442$37,644
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Income by Household Type

Springfield Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

33.1%

Male Marriage Rate

28.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Springfield Married by Age and Sex

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Springfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Springfield Marital Status by Race

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Springfield Marital Status

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5,302

Number of Veterans

4,844

Male Veterans

458

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,695
Second Gulf War1,038
First Gulf War924
Korea413
World War II159

Springfield Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,261
55 to 641,239
65 to 741,141
75+1,092
18 to 34569

Springfield Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,1565.47%
Hispanic9021.94%
Black8493.60%
Other Race1161.27%
2+ Races1153.28%
Asian361.13%
Native American306.04%

Springfield Veterans by Race

Springfield Veterans by Education

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9.47%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.85%

Veteran Disability Rate

Springfield Veterans by Education

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57.7%

Labor Force Participation

53%

Employment Rate

8.2%

Unemployment Rate

Springfield Employment by Age

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Springfield Employment by Race

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Springfield Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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55.46%

Born in Springfield

90.02%

Native Born

9.98%

Foreign Born

4.88%

Non Citizen

5.10%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.02% of Springfield residents were born in the United States, with 55.46% having been born in Massachusetts. 4.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Springfield Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021152,160-723-0.47%
2020152,883-723-0.47%
2019153,606-723-0.47%
2018154,3291220.08%
2017154,2071790.12%
2016154,028-554-0.36%
2015154,5822060.13%
2014154,3763200.21%
2013154,0561230.08%
2012153,9331600.10%
2011153,7732040.13%
2010153,5691,4870.10%
2000152,082-4,901-0.32%
1990156,9834,6640.30%
1980152,319-11,586-0.73%
1970163,905-10,558-0.62%
1960174,46312,0640.72%
1950162,39912,8450.83%
1940149,554-346-0.02%
1930149,90020,2861.46%
1920129,61440,6883.84%
191088,92626,8673.66%
190062,05917,8803.46%
189044,17910,8392.85%
188033,3406,6372.24%
187026,70311,5045.80%
186015,1993,4332.59%
185011,7667810.69%
184010,9854,2014.94%
18306,7842,8845.69%
18203,9001,1003.37%
18102,8005001.99%
18002,3007003.70%
17901,6000.00%

Springfield Population by Year