Surprise, Arizona Population 2024

163,944

Surprise is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. Surprise has a 2024 population of 163,944. Surprise is currently growing at a rate of 3.06% annually and its population has increased by 13.54% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 144,395 in 2020.

The average household income in Surprise is $101,937 with a poverty rate of 6.79%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Surprise is 41.5 years, 41.3 years for males, and 41.7 years for females.

Surprise is located in Maricopa County, Arizona about 30 miles northwest of Phoenix and part of the Phoenix metropolitan area. Metro Phoenix has an estimated population of 4.7 million and Surprise is the 9th largest city in the area. Surprise is the second-fastest growing municipality in the metro area after Gilbert and was the 6th fastest growing city or town in the U.S. in the 1990s.

Diversity and Population Statistics

Just under 9% of the population of Surprise is foreign-born. Surprise is considered a fairly old city with an average age among residents of 46 years compared to 38 for the United States (https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/terence-p-jeffrey/us-median-age-hits-all-time-high-38-record-86248-are-100-or-older) as a whole.

Population Growth

In 2016, Surprise was named one of the fastest growing cities in the United States. In 2019, the state was also ranked as the 3rd fastest growing in part due to shrinking wages and affordability in the area. Maricopa County has led Arizona's population growth, reporting eight straight years of population gains since 2011 (https://cronkitenews.azpbs.org/2019/04/18/census-maricopa-population-gains/) and adding 81,000 new residents among the 122,000 new people who moved to Arizona. While Surprise remains popular among retirees, it's also gaining attention from people in the labor force, especially those struggling to keep up with California's rising housing costs and stagnant wages.

Surprise, Arizona is a young city founded by Flora Statler in 1938. She named the city because she would be "surprised if the town ever amounted to much." The town was believed to have been founded by her husband, a real estate developer named Homer Ludden, but property records in 2010 showed Statler was the owner before she met Ludden.

In the early years, Surprise was nothing more than a gas station and affordable homes for agricultural workers but it has grown rapidly since. Surprise was incorporated in 1960 and became a popular destination for retirees beginning in the 1990s and 2000s. This led to the development of Sun City Grand, an age-restricted community which has grown from 10,000 residents to 75,000 residents in 2004.

Surprise Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Surprise was:

  • White: 76.87%
  • Two or more races: 9.53%
  • Black or African American: 5.36%
  • Other race: 4.86%
  • Asian: 2.54%
  • Native American: 0.65%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.19%
State
Arizona
Land Area (mi²)
108.1 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,517.10/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
13.54% (19,549)
The current population of Surprise, Arizona is 163,944 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 144,395.

Surprise, Arizona Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White111,92376.87%
Two or more races13,8699.53%
Black or African American7,8015.36%
Other race7,0814.86%
Asian3,6972.54%
Native American9470.65%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander2730.19%
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Surprise Population by Race

Surprise Population Pyramid 2024

Surprise Median Age

41.5

Total

41.3

Male

41.7

Female

Surprise Adults

There are 109,884 adults, (32,861 of whom are seniors) in Surprise.

Surprise Age Dependency

89

Age Dependency Ratio

42.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

46.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Surprise Sex Ratio

Female76,81252.76%
Male68,77947.24%

Surprise Population by Age

Surprise Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All52,9952.7378.421.6
Married32,0443.1683.916.1
Non Family12,9431.2873.626.4
Female5,7523.3359.640.4
Male2,2563.4177.222.8
showing: 5 rows

3.12

Average Family Size

2.73

Average Household Size

78.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Surprise Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Surprise Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Surprise Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 96.06%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 50.28%.

Surprise Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$52,790

Average Earnings

$59,732

Average Male

$44,902

Average Female

Surprise Earnings by Educational Attainment

Surprise Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Surprise Language

87.94% of Surprise residents speak only English, while 12.06% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.02% of the population.

Surprise Language

Surprise Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White95,5295,3735.62%
Hispanic30,1843,59411.91%
Other6,9361,07915.56%
Multiple13,8481,0017.23%
Black7,7625557.15%
Asian3,669862.34%
Native947606.34%
Islander2735219.05%
showing: 8 rows

6.79%

Overall Poverty Rate

5.82%

Male Poverty Rate

7.66%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Surprise

The race most likely to be in poverty in Surprise is Islander, with 19.05% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Surprise is Asian, with 2.34% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 7.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 10.79%.

Surprise Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade15.2%
High School6.72%
Some College5.3%
Bachelors or Greater4.11%
showing: 4 rows

Surprise Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed22.16%
Female Unemployed16.65%
Female Employed3.44%
Male Employed2.34%
showing: 4 rows

Surprise Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Surprise Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Surprise Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

57.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

60.5%

Male Marriage Rate

55.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Surprise Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Surprise Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Surprise Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Surprise Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

12,771

Number of Veterans

11,406

Male Veterans

1,365

Female Veterans

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Surprise Veterans by War

count

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Surprise Veterans by Age

count

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Surprise Veterans by Race

Surprise Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

4.7%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Surprise Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

57.6%

Labor Force Participation

54.1%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

Surprise Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Surprise Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Surprise Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

30.3%

Born in Surprise

92.94%

Native Born

7.06%

Foreign Born

2.22%

Non Citizen

4.83%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.94% of Surprise residents were born in the United States, with 30.3% having been born in Arizona. 2.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Surprise Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029188,3094,8732.66%
2028183,4364,8732.73%
2027178,5634,8732.81%
2026173,6904,8732.89%
2025168,8174,8732.97%
2024163,9444,8733.06%
2023159,0714,8733.16%
2022154,1984,8733.26%
2021149,3254,9303.41%
2020144,3952,5591.8%
2019141,8364,1222.99%
2018137,7142,9612.2%
2017134,7531,9381.46%
2016132,8152,5131.93%
2015130,3022,4581.92%
2014127,8442,8462.28%
2013124,9982,7712.27%
2012122,2272,6492.22%
2011119,5781,9741.68%
2010117,60486,756281.24%
200030,84823,726333.14%
19907,1223,39991.3%
19803,723
showing: 23 rows

Surprise Population by Year