Syracuse is a city located in Onondaga County New York. Syracuse has a 2023 population of 144,261. It is also the county seat of Onondaga County.Syracuse is currently declining at a rate of -0.63% annually and its population has decreased by -1.89% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 147,033 in 2020.
The average household income in Syracuse is $57,880 with a poverty rate of 30.07%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Syracuse is 31.7 years, 31.4 years for males, and 32.1 years for females.
Syracuse is the county seat of Onondaga County, New York and the 5th most populous city in New York state. Syracuse is the educational and economic hub of Central New York and takes its name from the original Syracuse in Italy.
There are 26 neighborhoods in Syracuse, many of which reflect the city's historically ethnic population. Polish, Irish, and Ukrainian Americans are primarily found on the west side of the city in Little Italy while Jewish Americans settled on the east side. The African-American population is concentrated on the south side while Italian and German Americans have a large presence on the north side.
Many religions are represented in Syracuse, including Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, and Judaism.
Forbes recently ranked Syracuse as the 4th best place in the United States to raise a family with a low crime rate, excellent education, and low cost of living.
Syracuse has experienced negative growth for every census since the city reached a peak population of 209,000 in 1930. Between 1970 and 2000, the population declined from 197,000 to 146,000. After more than 70 years of population decline, it appears that Syracuse is finally halting the loss and experiencing some growth. City leaders were surprised to find that the population of Central New York grew by 1.4% in the last decade, hitting an all-time high of 742,000 in the 4-county Syracuse area.
Today, the downtown area is experiencing a booming residential population growth, with the downtown area experiencing a notable 47% population increase over the last ten years and a 21% increase over the previous 3 years.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Syracuse was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 70.84%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 29.41%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
81.58% of Syracuse residents speak only English, while 18.42% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 6.05% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Syracuse is Hispanic, with 44.82% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Syracuse is White, with 21.19% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.9%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.97%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.25%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Syracuse
96.68% of Syracuse residents were born in the United States, with 73.52% having been born in New York. 8.38% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.