Tempe, Arizona Population 2020

194,218

Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. With a 2020 population of 194,218, it is the 8th largest city in Arizona and the 131st largest city in the United States. Tempe is currently growing at a rate of 0.48% annually and its population has increased by 20.10% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 161,719 in 2010. Spanning over 40 miles, Tempe has a population density of 4,858 people per square mile.

The average household income in Tempe is $71,922 with a poverty rate of 21.26%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,114 per month, and the median house value is $255,800. The median age in Tempe is 28.9 years, 28.4 years for males, and 29.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 112.6 males.

Tempe is located in Maricopa County, Arizona and takes its name from the Vale of Tempe in Greece. The city is located in the Phoenix metropolitan area between Scottsdale, Mesa, Chandler, and Phoenix. Phoenix Metro, sometimes called the Valley of the Sun, has a population of 4.2 million people and it’s one of the fastest growing major metros in the U.S.

Population Growth

Phoenix Metro, including Tempe, is experiencing rapid population growth. Arizona as a whole is the 4th fastest growing state according to a 2019 census report and Maricopa County is leading the charge. Unlike some regions, the area does have water and resource constraints and its population growth will naturally slow in the future. It’s predicted that the Phoenix Metro population will reach 6-7 million within 20 years compared to 4.2 million today.

Tempe, Arizona was originally settled by the Hohokam people who built elaborate canals for agriculture although they largely abandoned the area in the 1400s. In 1865, Fort McDowell was established in present-day Tempe and helped in the establishment of new towns along Salt River. Military members and Hispanic workers were brought in to care for animals and grow crops to support the fort and they created two permanent communities in the valley: San Pablo and Hayden’s Ferry named for a ferry operator. The community was later named Tempe in 1879.

Tempe had a history as a sundown town until the 1960s as African Americans were allowed to work in the community yet encouraged to live somewhere else. It was the construction of the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad in 1887 that connected Tempe to the rest of the nation and paved the way for the city’s incorporation in 1894. When the Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911, it ensured the region would have enough water to support agriculture and helped Tempe and other cities thrive.

Today’s Tempe is an inner suburb of Phoenix and serves as the region’s commerce and educational center.

Tempe Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Tempe was:

  • White: 67.79%
  • Other race: 9.19%
  • Asian: 8.86%
  • Black or African American: 6.50%
  • Two or more races: 4.56%
  • Native American: 2.68%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.44%
The current population of Tempe, Arizona is 194,218, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 192,364. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 161,719.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White124,49067.79%
Some Other Race16,8759.19%
Asian16,2648.86%
Black or African American11,9336.50%
Two or More Races8,3724.56%
American Indian and Alaska Native4,9162.68%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8020.44%

Tempe Population Pyramid 2020

Tempe Median Age

28.9


Total

28.4


Male

29.7


Female

Tempe Adults

There are 156,197 adults, (18,417 of whom are seniors) in Tempe.

Tempe Age Dependency

33.3

Age Dependency Ratio

13.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Tempe Sex Ratio

Female

86,399

47.04%

Male

97,253

52.96%

Tempe Households and Families

Tempe Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Tempe Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.6%36.4%
All40.1%59.9%
Male38.8%61.2%
Female32%68%
Non Family28.5%71.5%

40.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All70,9812.4440.1
Non Family37,6411.7128.5
Married21,5023.1663.6
Female7,3203.5132
Male4,5183.4138.8

3.12

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

8.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Tempe Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8322.57%
9th to 12th Grade5,4364.92%
High School Graduate17,66216.00%
Some College27,45324.87%
Associates Degree7,8027.07%
Bachelors Degree28,81426.10%
Graduate Degree20,40918.49%

Tempe Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White68,67866,79133,714
Hispanic21,17415,9895,271
Asian9,0668,6006,754
Other Race8,7715,9811,596
Black6,5566,1332,010
Multiple Races3,1092,9201,340
Native American3,0602,801595
Islander43741146

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.25%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 74.50%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,339$40,939$35,227
Less Than High School$20,871$23,741$17,282
High School Grad$31,753$34,541$26,717
Some College$34,898$37,097$32,324
Bachelors Degree$44,812$50,881$40,872
Graduate Degree$56,555$64,086$51,120

$38,339

Average Earnings

$40,939

Average Male

$35,227

Average Female

Tempe Language

Tempe Language by Age

Tempe Language

74.52% of Tempe residents speak only English, while 25.48% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.28% of the population.

Tempe Poverty

Tempe Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White98,21916,92417.23%
Hispanic39,1658,85322.60%
Asian15,3096,28141.03%
Other16,4374,21925.67%
Black11,3332,61223.05%
Multiple7,6801,94825.36%
Native4,8181,12023.25%
Islander79024931.52%

21.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.48%

Male Poverty Rate

20.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tempe

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Asian, with 41.03% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tempe is White, with 17.23% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.50%. Among those working part-time, it was 34.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.95%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.72%
High School14.17%
Some College12.06%
Bachelors or Greater9.35%
Name Poverty
Male Unemployed39.25%
Female Unemployed38.04%
Male Employed13.13%
Female Employed12.59%

Tempe Income

Tempe Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$54,210$71,922
Families$72,627$91,843
Married Families$89,389$110,960
Non Families$40,108$51,788

Tempe Marital Status

Tempe Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.3%

Male Marriage Rate

30.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Tempe Married by Age and Sex

Tempe Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Tempe Marital Status by Race

Tempe Veterans

8,438

Number of Veterans

7,547

Male Veterans

891

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,852
Second Gulf War2,295
First Gulf War1,296
Korea546
World War II323
Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,070
18 to 341,799
75+1,733
35 to 541,720
55 to 641,116
Name Veterans % of Total
White7,1926.58%
Hispanic8052.66%
Black3353.41%
Other2852.32%
Asian2571.75%
2 or More1933.52%
Indian1623.98%
Hawaiian142.55%

$Tempe Veterans by Education

8.47%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tempe Employment Status

69%

Labor Force Participation

65.2%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Tempe Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

36.10%

Born in Arizona

84.21%

Native Born

15.79%

Foreign Born

11.06%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.21% of Tempe residents were born in the United States, with 36.10% having been born in Arizona. 11.06% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020194,2189270.48%
2019193,2919270.48%
2018192,3646,4333.46%
2017185,9319270.50%
2016185,0045,7833.23%
2015179,2213,4911.99%
2014175,7304,9232.88%
2013170,8072,2221.32%
2012168,5854,1042.50%
2011164,4812,1551.33%
2010162,3263,7010.23%
2000158,62516,7601.12%
1990141,86534,9462.87%
1980106,91943,3695.34%
197063,55038,6539.82%
196024,89717,21312.47%
19507,6844,77810.21%
19402,9062,1063.28%
19008000.00%