Toledo, Ohio Population 2020

270,651

Toledo is a city located in Lucas County, Ohio. With a 2020 population of 270,651, it is the 4th largest city in Ohio (after Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati) and the 79th largest city in the United States. Toledo is currently declining at a rate of -0.79% annually and its population has decreased by -5.76% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 287,208 in 2010. Toledo reached it's highest population of 383,062 in 1970. Spanning over 84 miles, Toledo has a population density of 3,363 people per square mile.

The average household income in Toledo is $50,132 with a poverty rate of 25.61%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $700 per month, and the median house value is $79,900. The median age in Toledo is 35.1 years, 33.5 years for males, and 36.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.1 males.

Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”

Toledo Population Statistics

The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.

Toledo Population Growth

During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 in 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last poll taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.

The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts, and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.

Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area; however, the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.

The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow, and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.

As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population started growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.

The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.

, and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.

Toledo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Toledo was:

  • White: 62.80%
  • Black or African American: 27.04%
  • Two or more races: 5.55%
  • Other race: 2.76%
  • Asian: 1.50%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Toledo, Ohio is 270,651, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 274,975. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 287,208.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020600,953-959-0.16%
2019601,912-959-0.16%
2018602,871-959-0.16%
2017603,830-1,053-0.17%
2016604,883-299-0.05%
2015605,182-1,154-0.19%
2014606,336-1,011-0.17%
2013607,347-129-0.02%
2012607,476-1,294-0.21%
2011608,770-1,249-0.21%
2010610,0190.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White174,71462.80%
Black or African American75,23327.04%
Two or More Races15,4415.55%
Some Other Race7,6722.76%
Asian4,1771.50%
American Indian and Alaska Native8840.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander720.03%

Toledo Population Pyramid 2020

Toledo Median Age

35.1


Total

33.5


Male

36.5


Female

Toledo Adults

There are 212,747 adults, (38,711 of whom are seniors) in Toledo.

Toledo Age Dependency

59.8

Age Dependency Ratio

22.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Toledo Sex Ratio

Female

144,058

51.78%

Male

134,135

48.22%

Toledo Households and Families

Toledo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Toledo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.9%24.1%
All51.3%48.7%
Male45.2%54.8%
Non Family43.5%56.5%
Female33.1%66.9%

51.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All117,8642.351.3
Non Family52,7621.2343.5
Married35,1393.0975.9
Female22,1803.2833.1
Male7,7833.1345.2

3.03

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

8.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Toledo Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,6573.09%
9th to 12th Grade19,95210.92%
High School Graduate59,52932.57%
Some College46,06525.20%
Associates Degree17,4609.55%
Bachelors Degree21,91611.99%
Graduate Degree12,2036.68%

Toledo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White119,559106,84626,378
Black45,73336,5504,859
Hispanic11,6378,8431,052
Multiple Races4,6333,831699
Other Race4,2723,167307
Asian2,5822,0651,099
Native American604456123
Islander543727

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 50.00%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,791$34,938$26,974
Less Than High School$18,862$22,441$13,848
High School Grad$27,441$31,082$23,504
Some College$30,103$36,097$25,531
Bachelors Degree$42,860$48,000$40,583
Graduate Degree$52,555$57,586$48,650

$30,791

Average Earnings

$34,938

Average Male

$26,974

Average Female

Toledo Language

Toledo Language by Age

Toledo Language

92.72% of Toledo residents speak only English, while 7.28% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.17% of the population.

Toledo Poverty

Toledo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White160,05128,69417.93%
Black73,21327,11637.04%
Hispanic23,3597,64432.72%
Multiple14,8216,42043.32%
Other7,5962,99239.39%
Asian4,0861,22229.91%
Native84121425.45%
Islander722331.94%

25.61%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.61%

Male Poverty Rate

26.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Toledo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Toledo is Multiple, with 43.32% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Toledo is White, with 17.93% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.50%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School40.81%
High School19.96%
Some College17.91%
Bachelors or Greater8.81%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed57.59%
Male Unemployed42.12%
Female Employed14.98%
Male Employed10.61%

Toledo Income

Toledo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$37,100$50,132
Families$47,464$59,415
Married Families$68,316$79,309
Non Families$25,680$35,627

Toledo Marital Status

Toledo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.2%

Male Marriage Rate

32.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Toledo Married by Age and Sex

Toledo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Toledo Marital Status by Race

Toledo Veterans

14,331

Number of Veterans

13,159

Male Veterans

1,172

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,178
First Gulf War2,374
Second Gulf War1,772
Korea1,292
World War II705
Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,587
35 to 543,524
75+3,366
55 to 642,761
18 to 341,093
Name Veterans % of Total
White10,6037.47%
Black3,0525.59%
Hispanic6514.48%
2 or More2874.17%
Asian1424.30%
Other1392.63%
Indian10315.92%
Hawaiian57.81%

$Toledo Veterans by Education

11.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.03%

Veteran Disability Rate

Toledo Employment Status

61.7%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

9.5%

Unemployment Rate

Toledo Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

77.16%

Born in Ohio

96.33%

Native Born

3.67%

Foreign Born

1.95%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.33% of Toledo residents were born in the United States, with 77.16% having been born in Ohio. 1.95% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020270,651-2,162-0.79%
2019272,813-2,162-0.79%
2018274,975-1,643-0.59%
2017276,618-2,162-0.78%
2016278,780-1,036-0.37%
2015279,816-856-0.30%
2014280,672-1,631-0.58%
2013282,303-826-0.29%
2012283,129-2,218-0.78%
2011285,347-1,683-0.59%
2010287,030-26,589-0.88%
2000313,619-19,324-0.60%
1990332,943-21,692-0.63%
1980354,635-28,427-0.77%
1970383,06265,0591.88%
1960318,00314,3870.46%
1950303,61621,2670.73%
1940282,349-8,369-0.29%
1930290,71847,5541.80%
1920243,16474,6673.74%
1910168,49736,6752.49%
1900131,82250,3884.93%
189081,43431,2974.97%
188050,13718,5534.73%
187031,58417,8168.66%
186013,7689,93913.65%
18503,8292,62912.30%
18401,2000.00%