Troy, New York Population 2021

48,754
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Troy is a city located in Albany County and Rensselaer County New York. With a 2020 population of 48,754, it is the 13th largest city in New York and the 812th largest city in the United States . Troy is currently declining at a rate of -0.41% annually and its population has decreased by -2.74% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 50,129 in 2010. Troy reached it's highest population of 76,813 in 1910. Spanning over 11 miles, Troy has a population density of 4,707 people per square mile.

The average household income in Troy is $61,473 with a poverty rate of 24.41%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $945 per month, and the median house value is $149,800. The median age in Troy is 30.8 years, 29.1 years for males, and 32.6 years for females.

Troy Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Troy was:

  • White: 68.05%
  • Black or African American: 17.53%
  • Two or more races: 7.28%
  • Asian: 4.81%
  • Other race: 2.23%
  • Native American: 0.10%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Troy, New York is 48,754 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 49,354.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 50,129.

Troy, New York Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021876,617-1,882-0.21%
2020878,499-1,882-0.21%
2019880,381-1,882-0.21%
2018882,2631050.01%
2017882,1582,3660.27%
2016879,7927070.08%
2015879,0859720.11%
2014878,1131,0480.12%
2013877,0652,3670.27%
2012874,6981,9200.22%
2011872,7781,6960.19%
2010871,0820.00%

Troy Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White33,65768.05%
Black or African American8,66917.53%
Two or More Races3,6037.28%
Asian2,3774.81%
Some Other Race1,1052.23%
American Indian and Alaska Native470.10%
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Troy Population by Race

Troy Population Pyramid $2021

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Troy Median Age

30.8


Total

29.1


Male

32.6


Female

Troy Adults

There are 39,775 adults, (5,625 of whom are seniors) in Troy.

Troy Age Dependency

44.8

Age Dependency Ratio

16.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Troy Sex Ratio

Female

25,401

51.36%

Male

24,057

48.64%

Troy Population by Age

Troy Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Troy Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married61.9%38.1%
All35.5%64.5%
Non Family28.1%71.9%
Male25.9%74.1%
Female23.4%76.6%

35.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Troy Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All19,8992.2535.5
Non Family10,1531.3828.1
Married4,9673.0561.9
Female3,7793.2423.4
Male1,0003.3225.9

2.97

Average Family Size

2.25

Average Household Size

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Troy Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,2974.20%
9th to 12th Grade2,7608.95%
High School Graduate8,97129.08%
Some College5,64418.29%
Associates Degree3,89812.63%
Bachelors Degree4,70815.26%
Graduate Degree3,57311.58%
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Troy Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Troy Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White21,76919,2856,601
Black5,4044,421573
Hispanic2,1201,708237
2+ Races97577289
Asian955865693
Other Race613470142
Native American47406

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 90.58%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 72.57%.

Troy Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,660$41,399$33,698
Less Than 9th Grade$19,439$22,167$15,125
High School Graduate$29,762$32,241$27,592
Some College$37,879$42,741$33,627
Bachelors Degree$47,292$49,590$38,450
Graduate Degree$60,219$61,204$58,875

$37,660

Average Earnings

$41,399

Average Male

$33,698

Average Female

Troy Earnings by Educational Attainment

Troy Language by Age

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Troy Language

86.50% of Troy residents speak only English, while 13.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.15% of the population.

Troy Language

Troy Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White28,7765,54519.27%
Black8,2782,49530.14%
Hispanic4,4071,87142.46%
Multiple3,3491,31839.36%
Asian1,40038427.43%
Other1,09330527.90%

24.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.13%

Male Poverty Rate

27.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Troy

The race most likely to be in poverty in Troy is Hispanic, with 42.46% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Troy is White, with 19.27% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.20%. Among those working part-time, it was 33.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.00%.

Troy Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade35.64%
High School20.30%
Some College16.21%
Bachelors or Greater5.46%

Troy Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed57.10%
Male Unemployed36.04%
Female Employed14.75%
Male Employed9.93%

Troy Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Troy Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,728$61,473
Families$55,788$71,651
Married Families$84,181$98,503
Non Families$33,824$47,415
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Income by Household Type

Troy Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

26.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

27.8%

Male Marriage Rate

26.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Troy Married by Age and Sex

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Troy Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Troy Marital Status by Race

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Troy Marital Status

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1,907

Number of Veterans

1,732

Male Veterans

175

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam792
Second Gulf War337
First Gulf War224
Korea110
World War II20

Troy Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74502
55 to 64436
75+423
35 to 54281
18 to 34265

Troy Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,6715.81%
Black901.41%
2+ Races825.15%
Hispanic581.95%
Other Race364.34%
Asian281.29%

Troy Veterans by Race

Troy Veterans by Education

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16.54%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.10%

Veteran Disability Rate

Troy Veterans by Education

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61.4%

Labor Force Participation

57.1%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Troy Employment by Age

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Troy Employment by Race

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Troy Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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72.32%

Born in Troy

92.03%

Native Born

7.97%

Foreign Born

4.88%

Non Citizen

3.09%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.03% of Troy residents were born in the United States, with 72.32% having been born in New York. 4.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Troy Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202148,754-200-0.41%
202048,954-200-0.41%
201949,154-200-0.41%
201849,354-79-0.16%
201749,433-164-0.33%
201649,597-179-0.36%
201549,776-192-0.38%
201449,968470.09%
201349,921730.15%
201249,848-172-0.34%
201150,020-61-0.12%
201050,0819110.18%
200049,170-5,099-0.98%
199054,269-2,369-0.43%
198056,638-6,280-1.05%
197062,918-4,574-0.70%
196067,492-4,819-0.69%
195072,3112,0070.28%
194070,304-2,459-0.34%
193072,7637670.11%
192071,996-4,817-0.65%
191076,81316,1622.39%
190060,651-305-0.05%
189060,9564,2090.72%
188056,74710,2822.02%
187046,4657,2301.71%
186039,23510,4503.15%
185028,7859,4514.06%
184019,3347,7785.28%
183011,5566,2928.18%
18205,2640.00%

Troy Population by Year