Tucson, Arizona Population 2020

553,871

Tucson is a city located in Pima County, Arizona. With a 2020 population of 553,871, it is the 2nd largest city in Arizona (after Phoenix) and the 33rd largest city in the United States. Tucson is currently growing at a rate of 0.72% annually and its population has increased by 6.49% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 520,116 in 2010. Spanning over 238 miles, Tucson has a population density of 2,327 people per square mile.

The average household income in Tucson is $55,689 with a poverty rate of 23.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $825 per month, and the median house value is $146,500. The median age in Tucson is 33.4 years, 32.2 years for males, and 35 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males.

Tucson has a robust temporary population, which grows and recedes seasonally. Much of the city's economy is centered on the University of Arizona, which is the city's second largest employer, as well as tourism, with over 3.5 million people visiting the city each year. Along with vacationers, there are a large number of winter residents (snowbirds) who come for the mild winters — many own second homes in the area.

Tucson Population Growth

Tucson has always had a seasonal population as migratory retirees have spent their winters in the city. During the recession, Tucson went from being one of the hottest real estate markets to one of the most troubled, and the city is now one of the poorest big cities in the United States with a per capita income of just over $20,000. Water shortage has also become an issue as the city's population grows. Despite the problems, the region is expected to see its population double in the next 30 years to around 2 million people.

Paleo-Indians first inhabited Tucson, and recent archaeological work has found a village dating to 2100 BC. The area was first used for farming with extensive irrigation canals. In 1692, Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the area and founded a mission eight years later upstream of present-day Tucson. A second settlement was established downstream. Hugo O'Connor, the founding father of Tucson, authorized the construction of a military fort called Presidio San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.

The town was eventually known as Tucson and became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence. It was then captured by the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican-American War and was later returned to Mexico. The city was not included in the Mexican Cession, but it became a part of the United States in 1853, with formal control taken in 1856.

Tucson was briefly the western capital of the Confederate Arizona Territory, although the Confederate forces were driven out of the state in 1862. The city and all of present-day Arizona was part of New Mexico Territory until 1863 when it became a part of Arizona. The city was incorporated in 1877 as the first incorporated city in Arizona.

Tucson Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Tucson was:

  • White: 72.43%
  • Other race: 10.40%
  • Two or more races: 5.15%
  • Black or African American: 5.14%
  • Native American: 3.47%
  • Asian: 3.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.19%
The current population of Tucson, Arizona is 553,871, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 545,975. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 520,116.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,062,21511,5711.09%
20191,050,64411,5711.10%
20181,039,07311,5711.11%
20171,027,5029,8780.96%
20161,017,6247,8870.78%
20151,009,7375,0620.50%
20141,004,6757,2380.72%
2013997,4374,2220.42%
2012993,2154,8080.48%
2011988,4076,7540.68%
2010981,6530.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White390,56772.43%
Some Other Race56,05310.40%
Two or More Races27,7595.15%
Black or African American27,6895.14%
American Indian and Alaska Native18,7143.47%
Asian17,3923.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,0420.19%

Tucson Population Pyramid 2020

Tucson Median Age

33.4


Total

32.2


Male

35


Female

Tucson Adults

There are 423,945 adults, (74,943 of whom are seniors) in Tucson.

Tucson Age Dependency

54.5

Age Dependency Ratio

21.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33

Child Dependency Ratio

Tucson Sex Ratio

Female

270,835

50.23%

Male

268,381

49.77%

Tucson Households and Families

Tucson Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Tucson Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71%29%
All50%50%
Male43.4%56.6%
Female41.4%58.6%
Non Family37.9%62.1%

50.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All210,8162.4350
Non Family94,6071.3637.9
Married71,4593.2671
Female32,6633.4141.4
Male12,0873.3543.4

3.19

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Tucson Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,4036.01%
9th to 12th Grade30,6699.04%
High School Graduate80,61123.76%
Some College86,88325.60%
Associates Degree29,7318.76%
Bachelors Degree54,81616.15%
Graduate Degree36,20910.67%

Tucson Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White173,280163,13162,625
Hispanic127,63792,25817,123
Other Race32,67022,0353,304
Black16,40814,0193,585
Multiple Races12,51410,0193,000
Native American11,2928,0981,485
Asian10,4448,8324,899
Islander626581133

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.14%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 46.91%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,422$32,400$27,281
Less Than High School$19,374$22,873$15,048
High School Grad$25,050$28,046$21,863
Some College$30,352$33,487$27,271
Bachelors Degree$39,770$43,489$36,239
Graduate Degree$50,284$54,718$46,504

$30,422

Average Earnings

$32,400

Average Male

$27,281

Average Female

Tucson Language

Tucson Language by Age

Tucson Language

66.32% of Tucson residents speak only English, while 33.68% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 28.28% of the population.

Tucson Poverty

Tucson Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic225,28961,83527.45%
White228,07539,90717.50%
Other52,67015,85830.11%
Black24,8328,18432.96%
Multiple26,1716,70825.63%
Native17,4826,42936.77%
Asian16,5064,40026.66%
Islander1,01915615.31%

23.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.39%

Male Poverty Rate

24.44%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tucson

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tucson is Native, with 36.77% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tucson is Islander, with 15.31% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.28%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.76%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.82%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.09%
High School19.81%
Some College15.32%
Bachelors or Greater8.90%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.34%
Male Unemployed40.80%
Female Employed14.42%
Male Employed13.05%

Tucson Income

Tucson Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$41,625$55,689
Families$52,010$66,565
Married Families$67,752$81,559
Non Families$28,511$39,638

Tucson Marital Status

Tucson Marital Status

Marriage Rates

35.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.3%

Male Marriage Rate

35.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Tucson Married by Age and Sex

Tucson Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Tucson Marital Status by Race

Tucson Veterans

38,238

Number of Veterans

34,141

Male Veterans

4,097

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam13,024
Second Gulf War9,512
First Gulf War8,688
Korea3,158
World War II1,354
Age Group Veterans
35 to 549,230
65 to 748,735
75+7,773
55 to 647,344
18 to 345,156
Name Veterans % of Total
White31,61310.18%
Hispanic7,6434.68%
Black2,53212.39%
Other1,7424.13%
2 or More1,3048.02%
Asian5273.45%
Indian4923.49%
Hawaiian283.68%

$Tucson Veterans by Education

9.23%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.22%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tucson Employment Status

61.6%

Labor Force Participation

55.6%

Employment Rate

8.4%

Unemployment Rate

Tucson Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.89%

Born in Arizona

84.79%

Native Born

15.21%

Foreign Born

8.70%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.79% of Tucson residents were born in the United States, with 44.89% having been born in Arizona. 8.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020553,8713,9480.72%
2019549,9233,9480.72%
2018545,9754,1960.77%
2017541,7793,9480.73%
2016537,8312,0590.38%
2015535,7729020.17%
2014534,8701,9140.36%
2013532,9561,1390.21%
2012531,8171,1930.22%
2011530,6243,4570.66%
2010527,16740,4680.80%
2000486,69981,3091.84%
1990405,39074,8532.06%
1980330,53767,6042.31%
1970262,93350,0412.13%
1960212,892167,43816.70%
195045,4548,6362.13%
194036,8184,3121.25%
193032,50612,2144.82%
192020,2927,0994.40%
191013,1935,6625.77%
19007,5312,3813.87%
18905,150-1,857-3.03%
18807,0073,7838.07%
18703,2240.00%