Union City, California Population 2020

73,949

Union City is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 73,949, it is the 121st largest city in California and the 492nd largest city in the United States. Union City is currently declining at a rate of -0.41% annually but its population has increased by 6.38% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 69,516 in 2010. Union City reached it's highest population of 75,438 in 2016. Spanning over 19 miles, Union City has a population density of 3,812 people per square mile.

The average household income in Union City is $126,295 with a poverty rate of 6.39%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $2,063 per month, and the median house value is $688,800. The median age in Union City is 38.4 years, 36.5 years for males, and 40.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 104.5 males.

Union City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Union City was:

  • Asian: 54.59%
  • White: 19.66%
  • Other race: 13.47%
  • Two or more races: 5.41%
  • Black or African American: 4.95%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.55%
  • Native American: 0.36%
The current population of Union City, California is 73,949, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 74,559.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 69,516.

Union City, California Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Asian40,72454.59%
White14,66719.66%
Some Other Race10,04713.47%
Two or More Races4,0395.41%
Black or African American3,6944.95%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,1601.55%
American Indian and Alaska Native2700.36%

Union City Population Pyramid 2020

Union City Median Age

38.4


Total

36.5


Male

40.7


Female

Union City Adults

There are 60,538 adults, (11,473 of whom are seniors) in Union City.

Union City Age Dependency

52

Age Dependency Ratio

23.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Union City Sex Ratio

Female

36,481

48.90%

Male

38,120

51.10%

Union City Households and Families

Union City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Union City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70%30%
All64.4%35.6%
Male55.1%44.9%
Female53.1%46.9%
Non Family52.8%47.2%

64.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All21,4843.4464.4
Married14,2893.8170
Non Family3,6261.5552.8
Female2,4313.8253.1
Male1,1383.9855.1

3.71

Average Family Size

3.44

Average Household Size

3.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Union City Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,1183.89%
9th to 12th Grade2,9995.51%
High School Graduate14,58226.79%
Some College11,09520.38%
Associates Degree3,3186.10%
Bachelors Degree12,95323.79%
Graduate Degree7,37313.54%

Union City Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian31,32429,06914,989
Hispanic9,3067,1671,085
White9,0038,5982,907
Other Race5,9724,639509
Black2,5932,463626
Multiple Races1,8461,708747
Islander751691121
Native American24421237

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.50%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.85%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$52,947$56,662$48,077
Less Than High School$30,833$44,667$19,485
High School Grad$40,583$43,696$31,971
Some College$49,262$52,098$45,630
Bachelors Degree$76,122$84,533$64,735
Graduate Degree$102,072$120,812$85,656

$52,947

Average Earnings

$56,662

Average Male

$48,077

Average Female

Union City Language

Union City Language by Age

Union City Language

34.96% of Union City residents speak only English, while 65.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 34.86% of the population.

Union City Poverty

Union City Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian40,7031,6263.99%
Hispanic15,2951,3899.08%
White10,8809588.81%
Other10,0348978.94%
Black3,67953014.41%
Multiple4,0142696.70%
Islander1,159968.28%
Native255187.06%

6.39%

Overall Poverty Rate

5.74%

Male Poverty Rate

7.07%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Union City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Union City is Black, with 14.41% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Union City is Asian, with 3.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 7.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 13.31%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School11.14%
High School8.54%
Some College3.96%
Bachelors or Greater3.13%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.58%
Male Unemployed20.43%
Female Employed2.27%
Male Employed1.72%

Union City Income

Union City Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$105,448$126,295
Families$113,307$132,797
Married Families$126,135$144,364
Non Families$63,263$81,170

Union City Marital Status

Union City Marital Status

Marriage Rates

55.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

56.1%

Male Marriage Rate

54.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Union City Married by Age and Sex

Union City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Union City Marital Status by Race

Union City Veterans

2,026

Number of Veterans

1,885

Male Veterans

141

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam989
Second Gulf War265
First Gulf War251
Korea95
World War II91
Age Group Veterans
65 to 74740
75+458
55 to 64369
35 to 54300
18 to 34159
Name Veterans % of Total
White8907.04%
Asian5971.76%
Hispanic3112.78%
Black2618.59%
Other1552.08%
2 or More873.85%
Hawaiian263.22%
Indian103.98%

$Union City Veterans by Education

7.31%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Union City Employment Status

65%

Labor Force Participation

62.2%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Union City Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.41%

Born in California

54.67%

Native Born

45.33%

Foreign Born

15.17%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

54.67% of Union City residents were born in the United States, with 45.41% having been born in California. 15.17% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202073,949-305-0.41%
201974,254-305-0.41%
201874,559-574-0.76%
201775,133-305-0.40%
201675,4381,0901.47%
201574,3488221.12%
201473,5269401.30%
201372,5869231.29%
201271,6631,0591.50%
201170,6049731.40%
201069,6312,7620.41%
200066,86913,1072.21%
199053,76214,3563.16%
198039,40624,68210.35%
197014,7248,1068.33%
19606,6180.00%