Union, Missouri Population 2021

12,554
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Union is a city located in Franklin County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Franklin County. With a 2020 population of 12,554, it is the 60th largest city in Missouri and the 2624th largest city in the United States . Union is currently growing at a rate of 2.30% annually and its population has increased by 23.03% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,204 in 2010. Union reached it's highest population of 12,554 in 2021. Spanning over 9 miles, Union has a population density of 1,381 people per square mile.

The average household income in Union is $66,248 with a poverty rate of 11.27%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $726 per month, and the median house value is $148,800. The median age in Union is 33.9 years, 31.8 years for males, and 36 years for females.

Union Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Union was:

  • White: 97.23%
  • Two or more races: 1.53%
  • Black or African American: 0.75%
  • Asian: 0.45%
  • Native American: 0.03%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
  • Other race: 0.00%
The current population of Union, Missouri is 12,554 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 11,708.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,204.

Union, Missouri Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White11,15797.23%
Two or More Races1761.53%
Black or African American860.75%
Asian520.45%
American Indian and Alaska Native40.03%
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Union Population by Race

Union Population Pyramid $2021

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Union Median Age

33.9


Total

31.8


Male

36


Female

Union Adults

There are 8,453 adults, (1,547 of whom are seniors) in Union.

Union Age Dependency

66.2

Age Dependency Ratio

22.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Union Sex Ratio

Female

5,694

49.62%

Male

5,781

50.38%

Union Population by Age

Union Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Union Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.3%24.7%
Male59.7%40.3%
All59.4%40.6%
Non Family48%52%
Female38.1%61.9%

59.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Union Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All4,4412.5359.4
Married1,9253.0275.3
Non Family1,4651.2648
Female6613.438.1
Male3903.459.7

2.98

Average Family Size

2.53

Average Household Size

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Union Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2383.21%
9th to 12th Grade78710.61%
High School Graduate2,53934.21%
Some College1,70422.96%
Associates Degree78410.56%
Bachelors Degree98313.25%
Graduate Degree3865.20%
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Union Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Union Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White7,1956,2681,317
2+ Races874217
Black5541
Hispanic4510
Asian353535
Native American4

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100.00%.

Union Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,177$42,929$31,387
Less Than 9th Grade$30,571$31,213$19,052
High School Graduate$34,628$42,610$27,435
Some College$37,015$46,114$30,201
Bachelors Degree$43,464$47,866$41,544
Graduate Degree$60,000$94,667$56,597

$37,177

Average Earnings

$42,929

Average Male

$31,387

Average Female

Union Earnings by Educational Attainment

Union Language by Age

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Union Language

98.05% of Union residents speak only English, while 1.95% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 1.14% of the population.

Union Language

Union Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White10,6081,21111.42%
Multiple1733117.92%
Black741114.86%

11.27%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.86%

Male Poverty Rate

14.70%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Union

The race most likely to be in poverty in Union is Multiple, with 17.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Union is White, with 11.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.58%.

Union Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade10.78%
High School10.25%
Some College7.23%
Bachelors or Greater3.43%

Union Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Employed11.93%
Male Unemployed9.33%
Male Employed1.05%
Female Unemployed0.00%

Union Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Union Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,577$66,248
Families$60,582$76,931
Married Families$76,209-
Non Families$34,406$39,323
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Income by Household Type

Union Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.6%

Male Marriage Rate

41.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Union Married by Age and Sex

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Union Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Union Marital Status by Race

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Union Marital Status

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644

Number of Veterans

598

Male Veterans

46

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam229
Second Gulf War128
First Gulf War82
World War II39
Korea37

Union Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+177
55 to 64136
65 to 74135
35 to 54102
18 to 3494

Union Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6247.58%
Black2026.67%

Union Veterans by Race

Union Veterans by Education

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4.79%

Veteran Poverty Rate

42.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Union Veterans by Education

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65.6%

Labor Force Participation

63.2%

Employment Rate

3.8%

Unemployment Rate

Union Employment by Age

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Union Employment by Race

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Union Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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76.99%

Born in Union

97.87%

Native Born

2.13%

Foreign Born

0.28%

Non Citizen

1.85%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.87% of Union residents were born in the United States, with 76.99% having been born in Missouri. 0.28% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Union Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202112,5542822.30%
202012,2722822.35%
201911,9902822.41%
201811,7082031.76%
201711,5052532.25%
201611,2523202.93%
201510,932920.85%
201410,8402772.62%
201310,5631151.10%
201210,448800.77%
201110,368740.72%
201010,2942,5372.87%
20007,7571,8482.76%
19905,9094030.71%
19805,5063230.61%
19705,1831,2462.79%
19603,9371,0203.04%
19502,9170.00%

Union Population by Year