Union, Missouri Population 2023

12,990

Union is a city located in Franklin County Missouri. It is also the county seat of Franklin County. With a 2023 population of 12,990, it is the 70th largest city in Missouri and the 3359th largest city in the United States.Union is currently growing at a rate of 1.68% annually and its population has increased by 5.2% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 12,348 in 2020. Spanning over 9 miles, Union has a population density of 1,429 people per square mile.

The average household income in Union is $66,248 with a poverty rate of 11.28%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Union is 34.1 years, 33.3 years for males, and 35.4 years for females.

Union Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Union was:

  • White: 94.36%
  • Black or African American: 2.48%
  • Asian: 1.68%
  • Two or more races: 1.45%
  • Native American: 0.03%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0%
  • Other race: 0%
The current population of Union, Missouri is 12,990 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 12,348.

Union, Missouri Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Other race

Union Population by Race

Union Population Pyramid 2023

Union Median Age

34.1

Total

33.3

Male

35.4

Female

Union Adults

There are 8,817 adults, (1,632 of whom are seniors) in Union.

Union Age Dependency

66.1

Age Dependency Ratio

22.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

43.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Union Sex Ratio

Female6,04850.69%
Male5,88349.31%

Union Population by Age

Union Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.02

Average Family Size

2.5

Average Household Size

59.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Union Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Union Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Union Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 73.99%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 52.15%.

Union Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$38,935

Average Earnings

$41,095

Average Male

$36,470

Average Female

Union Earnings by Educational Attainment

Union Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Union Language

98.12% of Union residents speak only English, while 1.88% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.48% of the population.

Union Language

Union Poverty by Race

rate

11.28%

Overall Poverty Rate

5.73%

Male Poverty Rate

12.59%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Union

The race most likely to be in poverty in Union is Multiple, with 19.72% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Union is Black, with 2.07% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.05%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 10.4%.

Union Poverty

Union Poverty Rate by Education

Union Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Union Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Union Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

42.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.9%

Male Marriage Rate

40.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Union Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Union Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Union Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Union Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

690

Number of Veterans

663

Male Veterans

27

Female Veterans

Union Veterans by War

Union Veterans by Age

count

Union Veterans by Race

Union Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

2.23%

Veteran Poverty Rate

40.27%

Veteran Disability Rate

Union Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

67.3%

Labor Force Participation

63.7%

Employment Rate

5.4%

Unemployment Rate

Union Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Union Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Union Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

76.32%

Born in Union

94.69%

Native Born

1.94%

Foreign Born

0.57%

Non Citizen

1.37%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.69% of Union residents were born in the United States, with 76.32% having been born in Missouri. 0.57% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Union Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Union Population by Year