Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2020

10,961

Vermillion is a city located in South Dakota. With a 2020 population of 10,961, it is the 11th largest city in South Dakota and the 2900th largest city in the United States. Vermillion is currently growing at a rate of 0.74% annually and its population has increased by 3.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 10,571 in 2010. Spanning over 5 miles, Vermillion has a population density of 2,400 people per square mile.

The average household income in Vermillion is $62,803 with a poverty rate of 32.96%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $744 per month, and the median house value is $144,500. The median age in Vermillion is 22.9 years, 22.9 years for males, and 23 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males.

Vermillion Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vermillion was:

  • White: 86.77%
  • Native American: 5.00%
  • Asian: 3.36%
  • Two or more races: 2.61%
  • Black or African American: 1.47%
  • Other race: 0.79%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Vermillion, South Dakota is 10,961, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 10,801.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 10,571.

Vermillion, South Dakota Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202014,081200.14%
201914,061200.14%
201814,041200.14%
201714,0211040.74%
201613,9171531.10%
201513,764-117-0.85%
201413,881-12-0.09%
201313,893-170-1.22%
201214,063830.59%
201113,9801521.09%
201013,8280.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White9,28486.77%
American Indian and Alaska Native5355.00%
Asian3603.36%
Two or More Races2792.61%
Black or African American1571.47%
Some Other Race850.79%

Vermillion Population Pyramid 2020

Vermillion Median Age

22.9


Total

22.9


Male

23


Female

Vermillion Adults

There are 9,075 adults, (910 of whom are seniors) in Vermillion.

Vermillion Age Dependency

31

Age Dependency Ratio

11.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Vermillion Sex Ratio

Female

5,463

51.06%

Male

5,237

48.94%

Vermillion Households and Families

Vermillion Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Vermillion Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.1%21.9%
All40.2%59.8%
Female20.8%79.2%
Non Family19.1%80.9%
Male9.3%90.7%

40.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,9242.1740.2
Non Family2,1421.6119.1
Married1,4062.9278.1
Female3222.6120.8
Male542.659.3

2.83

Average Family Size

2.17

Average Household Size

5.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Vermillion Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade731.56%
9th to 12th Grade911.95%
High School Graduate84017.99%
Some College81417.44%
Associates Degree2004.28%
Bachelors Degree1,30828.02%
Graduate Degree1,34228.75%

Vermillion Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,9763,8512,352
Native American25325333
Asian219180180
Multiple Races12312365
Hispanic585816
Black545420
Other Race22

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 82.19%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,448$41,324$26,719
Less Than High School$$$
High School Grad$25,214$25,729$
Some College$19,543$33,947$
Bachelors Degree$37,115$40,811$32,163
Graduate Degree$47,407$63,259$37,523

$32,448

Average Earnings

$41,324

Average Male

$26,719

Average Female

Vermillion Language

Vermillion Language by Age

Vermillion Language

93.68% of Vermillion residents speak only English, while 6.32% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 2.09% of the population.

Vermillion Poverty

Vermillion Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White7,3202,11928.95%
Native49745391.15%
Multiple25510541.18%
Hispanic2499236.95%
Black824858.54%
Asian3044615.13%
Other612845.90%

32.96%

Overall Poverty Rate

33.10%

Male Poverty Rate

32.80%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vermillion

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Native, with 91.15% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vermillion is Asian, with 15.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 55.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.43%.

Name Poverty
Some College36.09%
High School24.97%
Less Than High School18.84%
Bachelors or Greater7.45%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed87.78%
Male Unemployed53.93%
Female Employed32.90%
Male Employed24.86%

Vermillion Income

Vermillion Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,517$62,803
Families$88,424$102,118
Married Families$96,366-
Non Families$23,600$29,488

Vermillion Marital Status

Vermillion Marital Status

Marriage Rates

32.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.8%

Male Marriage Rate

31.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Vermillion Married by Age and Sex

Vermillion Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Vermillion Marital Status by Race

Vermillion Veterans

556

Number of Veterans

511

Male Veterans

45

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War195
First Gulf War159
Vietnam113
Korea67
World War II12

$Vermillion Veterans by Education

12.69%

Veteran Poverty Rate

37.31%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vermillion Employment Status

70.3%

Labor Force Participation

65.2%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

Vermillion Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

46.47%

Born in South Dakota

96.31%

Native Born

3.69%

Foreign Born

2.70%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.31% of Vermillion residents were born in the United States, with 46.47% having been born in South Dakota. 2.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202010,961800.74%
201910,881800.74%
201810,80170.06%
201710,794800.75%
201610,7141311.24%
201510,583-73-0.69%
201410,656-4-0.04%
201310,660-95-0.88%
201210,755780.73%
201110,6771231.17%
201010,5547890.78%
20009,765-269-0.27%
199010,034-102-0.10%
198010,1361,0081.05%
19709,1283,0264.11%
19606,1027651.35%
19505,3372,0134.85%
19403,3244741.55%
19302,8502600.96%
19202,5901,0902.77%
19001,5000.00%