Worcester, Massachusetts Population 2020

185,301
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Worcester is a city located in Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 185,301, it is the 2nd largest city in Massachusetts (after Boston) and the 138th largest city in the United States. Worcester is currently declining at a rate of -0.07% annually but its population has increased by 2.35% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 181,045 in 2010. Worcester reached it's highest population of 203,486 in 1950. Spanning over 38 miles, Worcester has a population density of 4,960 people per square mile.

The average household income in Worcester is $68,613 with a poverty rate of 19.98%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,095 per month, and the median house value is $227,100. The median age in Worcester is 34.7 years, 33.2 years for males, and 36.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.3 males.

Worcester serves as the county seat for Worcester County. Its location in Central Massachusetts has earned it the nickname, “Heart of the Commonwealth.”

Diversity and Population Statistics

Nearly 21% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. Worcester has always been appealing to immigrants from all around the globe, and many different ethnicities can be found living within the city, including French, Puerto Ricans, Poles, Lebanese, Indians, and Brazilians—to name a few.

Worcester Population Growth

Worcester’s population grew significantly throughout its early years, primarily due to immigration. A community of just over 2,400 people at the beginning of the 19th century exploded to over 118,000 in the next century. This number continued to rise until reaching its peak of 203,486 in 1950. After this, the population began to drop until finally growth was re-recorded in 1990. Since the last census in 2010, the population is up nearly 2% indicating that this city is growing once again.

Worcester Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Worcester was:

  • White: 69.16%
  • Black or African American: 13.29%
  • Asian: 7.40%
  • Other race: 5.52%
  • Two or more races: 3.96%
  • Native American: 0.61%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Worcester, Massachusetts is 185,301, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 185,555.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 181,045.

Worcester, Massachusetts Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White128,04269.16%
Black or African American24,60413.29%
Asian13,6957.40%
Some Other Race10,2275.52%
Two or More Races7,3403.96%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1240.61%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1110.06%
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Worcester Population by Race

Worcester Population Pyramid 2020

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Worcester Median Age

34.7


Total

33.2


Male

36.1


Female

Worcester Adults

There are 150,283 adults, (25,187 of whom are seniors) in Worcester.

Worcester Age Dependency

48

Age Dependency Ratio

20.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Worcester Sex Ratio

Female

94,307

50.94%

Male

90,836

49.06%

Worcester Population by Age

Worcester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Worcester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.2%34.8%
Male46.8%53.2%
All41.3%58.7%
Non Family29.1%70.9%
Female26.9%73.1%

41.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Worcester Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All71,5952.3841.3
Non Family33,8061.2929.1
Married22,8243.2765.2
Female11,0563.4926.9
Male3,9093.5246.8

3.21

Average Family Size

2.38

Average Household Size

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Worcester Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,4695.32%
9th to 12th Grade12,1129.97%
High School Graduate35,55229.26%
Some College20,58016.94%
Associates Degree10,0708.29%
Bachelors Degree22,52718.54%
Graduate Degree14,20411.69%
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Worcester Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Worcester Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White73,52466,82325,847
Hispanic22,75615,3202,402
Black14,23812,1333,948
Asian9,0827,0114,030
Other Race6,4253,965833
Multiple Races2,6972,278554
Native American67245866
Islander414126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 63.41%.

Worcester Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,172$45,157$36,352
Less Than High School$28,408$31,965$23,635
High School Grad$34,568$40,404$26,655
Some College$37,947$43,141$34,610
Bachelors Degree$49,295$55,361$45,207
Graduate Degree$67,508$71,458$63,953

$41,172

Average Earnings

$45,157

Average Male

$36,352

Average Female

Worcester Earnings by Educational Attainment

Worcester Language by Age

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Worcester Language

65.39% of Worcester residents speak only English, while 34.61% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.95% of the population.

Worcester Language

Worcester Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White92,21515,07116.34%
Hispanic39,27812,14230.91%
Black23,4443,95516.87%
Other9,9852,51825.22%
Asian13,0152,28817.58%
Multiple6,8741,89827.61%
Native1,09731628.81%
Islander1001515.00%

19.98%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.25%

Male Poverty Rate

21.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Worcester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Worcester is Hispanic, with 30.91% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Worcester is Islander, with 15.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.93%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.03%.

Worcester Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.26%
High School18.94%
Some College13.26%
Bachelors or Greater8.36%

Worcester Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.51%
Male Unemployed27.83%
Female Employed7.85%
Male Employed5.07%

Worcester Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Worcester Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$48,139$68,613
Families$63,893$82,585
Married Families$84,617$102,363
Non Families$33,496$49,034
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Income by Household Type

Worcester Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

33.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.9%

Male Marriage Rate

31.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Worcester Married by Age and Sex

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Worcester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Worcester Marital Status by Race

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Worcester Marital Status

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7,692

Number of Veterans

7,167

Male Veterans

525

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,697
Second Gulf War1,162
First Gulf War1,070
Korea602
World War II492

Worcester Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+2,082
65 to 741,886
35 to 541,611
55 to 641,516
18 to 34597

Worcester Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,8536.31%
Hispanic5241.84%
Black4732.72%
Asian1711.50%
2 or More912.24%
Other530.68%
Indian516.55%

Worcester Veterans by Race

Worcester Veterans by Education

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10.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Worcester Veterans by Education

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60.3%

Labor Force Participation

56.9%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Worcester Employment by Age

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Worcester Employment by Race

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Worcester Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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56.12%

Born in Massachusetts

79.15%

Native Born

20.85%

Foreign Born

9.96%

Non Citizen

10.89%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.15% of Worcester residents were born in the United States, with 56.12% having been born in Massachusetts. 9.96% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Worcester Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020185,301-127-0.07%
2019185,428-127-0.07%
2018185,5552300.12%
2017185,3254660.25%
2016184,8592320.13%
2015184,627680.04%
2014184,5591,2320.67%
2013183,3277520.41%
2012182,5751880.10%
2011182,3876280.35%
2010181,7599,1110.52%
2000172,6482,8890.17%
1990169,7597,9600.48%
1980161,799-14,773-0.87%
1970176,572-10,015-0.55%
1960186,587-16,899-0.86%
1950203,4869,7920.49%
1940193,694-1,617-0.08%
1930195,31115,5570.83%
1920179,75433,7682.10%
1910145,98627,5652.11%
1900118,42133,7663.41%
189084,65526,3643.80%
188058,29117,1863.55%
187041,10516,1455.12%
186024,9607,9113.89%
185017,0499,5528.56%
18407,4973,3246.03%
18304,1731,1733.36%
18203,0004001.44%
18102,6002000.80%
18002,4003001.34%
17902,1000.00%

Worcester Population by Year