Worcester, Massachusetts Population 2020

186,433

Worcester is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. With a 2020 population of 186,433, it is the 2nd largest city in Massachusetts (after Boston) and the 138th largest city in the United States. Worcester is currently growing at a rate of 0.15% annually and its population has increased by 2.98% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 181,045 in 2010. Worcester reached it's highest population of 203,486 in 1950. Spanning over 38 miles, Worcester has a population density of 4,990 people per square mile.

The average household income in Worcester is $66,512 with a poverty rate of 21.12%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,064 per month, and the median house value is $220,700. The median age in Worcester is 34.4 years, 33 years for males, and 35.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.1 males.

Worcester serves as the county seat for Worcester County. Its location in Central Massachusetts has earned it the nickname, “Heart of the Commonwealth.”

Diversity and Population Statistics

Nearly 21% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. Worcester has always been appealing to immigrants from all around the globe, and many different ethnicities can be found living within the city, including French, Puerto Ricans, Poles, Lebanese, Indians, and Brazilians—to name a few.

Worcester Population Growth

Worcester’s population grew significantly throughout its early years, primarily due to immigration. A community of just over 2,400 people at the beginning of the 19th century exploded to over 118,000 in the next century. This number continued to rise until reaching its peak of 203,486 in 1950. After this, the population began to drop until finally growth was re-recorded in 1990. Since the last census in 2010, the population is up nearly 2% indicating that this city is growing once again.

Worcester Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Worcester was:

  • White: 68.97%
  • Black or African American: 13.08%
  • Asian: 7.58%
  • Other race: 5.59%
  • Two or more races: 4.29%
  • Native American: 0.46%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Worcester, Massachusetts is 186,433, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 185,877. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 181,045.
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020958,9925,5630.58%
2019953,4295,5630.58%
2018947,8665,5630.59%
2017942,3035,6200.60%
2016936,6831,8350.20%
2015934,8482,4590.26%
2014932,3893,9760.43%
2013928,4133,5470.38%
2012924,8662,5530.28%
2011922,3133,3670.37%
2010918,9460.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White127,72668.97%
Black or African American24,21713.08%
Asian14,0467.58%
Some Other Race10,3525.59%
Two or More Races7,9464.29%
American Indian and Alaska Native8540.46%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander540.03%

Worcester Population Pyramid 2020

Worcester Median Age

34.4


Total

33


Male

35.7


Female

Worcester Adults

There are 149,307 adults, (24,360 of whom are seniors) in Worcester.

Worcester Age Dependency

48.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Worcester Sex Ratio

Female

94,449

51.00%

Male

90,746

49.00%

Worcester Households and Families

Worcester Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Worcester Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.8%34.2%
All41.9%58.1%
Male41.7%58.3%
Non Family30.2%69.8%
Female27.5%72.5%

41.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All71,1452.4141.9
Non Family33,2021.3130.2
Married23,0063.3165.8
Female11,2313.4427.5
Male3,7063.5641.7

3.23

Average Family Size

2.41

Average Household Size

6.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Worcester Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,0785.85%
9th to 12th Grade11,6159.60%
High School Graduate35,85129.62%
Some College20,32916.80%
Associates Degree9,7258.03%
Bachelors Degree22,31018.43%
Graduate Degree14,12811.67%

Worcester Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White74,39167,21926,241
Hispanic21,82114,7322,101
Black13,75511,5463,726
Asian9,3917,4063,926
Other Race6,2173,758593
Multiple Races3,2502,702620
Native American50235666
Islander444430

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 68.18%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,153$43,496$35,305
Less Than High School$25,087$28,074$19,370
High School Grad$31,758$38,815$25,760
Some College$38,066$41,958$35,103
Bachelors Degree$48,829$51,520$45,835
Graduate Degree$65,628$71,903$62,313

$40,153

Average Earnings

$43,496

Average Male

$35,305

Average Female

Worcester Language

Worcester Language by Age

Worcester Language

66.07% of Worcester residents speak only English, while 33.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.92% of the population.

Worcester Poverty

Worcester Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White94,57816,34717.28%
Hispanic38,14112,68233.25%
Black23,1634,55119.65%
Other10,0892,82728.02%
Asian13,3662,39717.93%
Multiple7,5452,12328.14%
Native82823328.14%
Islander441431.82%

21.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.12%

Male Poverty Rate

23.05%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Worcester

The race most likely to be in poverty in Worcester is Hispanic, with 33.25% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Worcester is White, with 17.28% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.27%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.26%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.60%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.50%
High School19.22%
Some College14.22%
Bachelors or Greater9.00%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.38%
Male Unemployed27.68%
Female Employed7.87%
Male Employed6.50%

Worcester Income

Worcester Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,407$66,512
Families$60,991$80,787
Married Families$82,835$100,901
Non Families$32,609$46,876

Worcester Marital Status

Worcester Marital Status

Marriage Rates

33.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.2%

Male Marriage Rate

32.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Worcester Married by Age and Sex

Worcester Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Worcester Marital Status by Race

Worcester Veterans

7,445

Number of Veterans

6,977

Male Veterans

468

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,389
Second Gulf War1,079
First Gulf War976
Korea750
World War II693
Name Veterans % of Total
White6,6876.22%
Hispanic4361.59%
Black4192.46%
Asian1321.13%
2 or More1012.28%
Other991.27%
Indian71.15%

$Worcester Veterans by Education

9.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.38%

Veteran Disability Rate

Worcester Employment Status

59.8%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

Worcester Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

56.68%

Born in Massachusetts

78.72%

Native Born

21.28%

Foreign Born

10.82%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

78.72% of Worcester residents were born in the United States, with 56.68% having been born in Massachusetts. 10.82% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020186,4332780.15%
2019186,1552780.15%
2018185,8774600.25%
2017185,4172780.15%
2016185,1392290.12%
2015184,9102120.11%
2014184,6981,2400.68%
2013183,4587640.42%
2012182,6942050.11%
2011182,4896110.34%
2010181,8789,2300.52%
2000172,6482,8890.17%
1990169,7597,9600.48%
1980161,799-14,773-0.87%
1970176,572-10,015-0.55%
1960186,587-16,899-0.86%
1950203,4869,7920.49%
1940193,694-1,617-0.08%
1930195,31115,5570.83%
1920179,75433,7682.10%
1910145,98627,5652.11%
1900118,42133,7663.41%
189084,65526,3643.80%
188058,29117,1863.55%
187041,10516,1455.12%
186024,9607,9113.89%
185017,0499,5528.56%
18407,4973,3246.03%
18304,1731,1733.36%
18203,0004001.44%
18102,6002000.80%
18002,4003001.34%
17902,1000.00%